Once a child is tried as an adult they are isolated and do not receive the attention they need. Trying them as adults will only make matters worse due to their inability to interact with society once set free. The opposing side displayed that research suggested adolescents squeezed through the adult system are more likely to come out as violent career criminals than similar kids handled on the juvenile side (Lundstrom 88). This is false, due to researching more about each child it has came to my knowledge that a majority of kids released had a tendency to go back in to jail for committing other crimes such as theft or assault. Speak of Alex King, whose’ story of “Angels of Death”,
Starting back in the 1700s in America, the juvenile justice system was punitive and unjust. Children as young as 8 were treated as adults and sent to do hard labor. In contrast, from the 1800s to the 1950s, social reformers were more focused on teen’s rehabilitation. Then in the 1980s and 1990s, there was yet another shift in thinking. During those decades, the number of teens who committed terrible crimes has increased a lot.Therefore
These children go through very different experiences than their peers outside jail walls, face many challenges during their time in jail, and have difficulty adapting upon release. Placing children and teenagers in jail results in negative effects rather than rehabilitation. The juvenile justice system in America is complex and varies from state to state, but the overarching purpose is to rehabilitate youth offenders. It processes nearly 1.7 million cases a year and overall handles most of them the same way (“Youth Involved in the Juvenile Justice System”). When those under age go to trial, their sentence often is decided by how likely they are to be rehabilitated and learn from their mistakes (“Juvenile justice”).
Juveniles Justice Juveniles who are criminals being sentenced to life without parole can be shocking to some people. I believe if a juvenile is able to commit a crime, then they are able to do the time. The article “Startling finds on Teenage Brains” talks about how the brain can be different from the time you are teens to the time you are an adult. After, considering both sides on juvenile justice it is clear that juveniles should face life without parole because they did the crime so they can do the time. Also I believe the juvenile’s age should not influence the sentence and the punishment give.
In America’s society, there are an estimated 1.2 million violent crimes committed every year. Adults are not the only individuals that are committing violent crimes. Juveniles are estimated to be involved in twenty-five percent of all violent crimes. Along with these crimes comes the decision on whether these juveniles should be tried as minors or adults, which has created an immense controversy around the United States. Certain juveniles are tried as adults because they must be held accountable for their actions, it brings justice to their victims, and because those individuals have a moral sense.
According to Phelps (2013), as from 1998 to 2007 states that had the greatest increases in incarceration rates failed to observe a corresponding drop in crime rates. On the other hands, states such as New York, Texas, New Jersey and North and South Carolina that lowered their incarceration rates in favor of community corrections programs experienced a drop in crime rates (p.53). Incarceration has also failed in correcting prisoners. Most of the prisoners always go back to committing crimes once released from prison. It has led to a rise in the recidivism rates of prisoners.
There are many different offenses that get sent to juvenile court. Most crimes sent to juvenile court aren’t too serious, but are still bad enough to be sent to court. “Unofficial reports suggest that a higher percentage of juvenile are involved in minor criminal behavior; grossly underreported common offenses include vandalism, shoplifting, underage drinking, and marijuana use”(Hales). There are instances where more scarce offense occurs and sometimes more serious misdemeanors but the offenses aren’t as common as vandalism, thief, underage drinking, etc. Some uncommon cases are usually shootings or murders.
Some may think that kids wouldn’t be able to do a crime as bad as a grown person. On the news, internet, or social media, people see what horrible crimes some people commit, but most of those accused have one thing in common: age over 18. Some of the crimes committed are murder, rape, and others. Furthermore, there are times where juveniles, people who commit crimes under the age of 18, being tried as adults. The offenses that trigger the juveniles to be tried as an adult are generally, again, murder and rape.
A crime is a crime but it should trialed fairly regardless the age and the raise of others. Kenneth Young a 14 year old who was involved in an armed robbery was sentenced unfairly. Justice prevailed in Kenneth Young's sentencing, because of immaturity, teens or even kids are getting sentenced harder than adults, and rehabilitation. At the age of 14 everyone has a slit of immaturity and they don’t think with their head but with random reaction. It has not just been proven but also studied, “Brain imaging studies reveal that the regions of the adolescent brain responsible for controlling thoughts actions and emotions are fully devolved,” (Garinger 1).
First, it is based on a misconception of the nature of crime. Most criminal acts, perhaps especially those available to adolescents, require only seconds or minutes for their completion—the pull of the trigger, a swing of the fist, a barked command, a jimmied door, a grab from a rack or showcase. This fact allows the commission of large numbers of criminal acts by a single offender in a short period of time. (It also makes ridiculous attempts to estimate the average number of offenses committed by individual offenders in an extended period of time.) Because opportunities for crimes
While examining the rates of the victims two interesting factors stood out, the age of the victim and the relationship to the offender. Age groups of the victims were broken down like this, children in middle childhood ranged between the ages of 6 – 11, teenagers ranged between 12 – 17, leaving young children to be 5 or younger (Filkelhor & Ormrod, 2001). The teenage offender has the higher rate of victimization following a pattern much like adult victims, with homicides mostly involving male victims and male offenders. Compared to the other two age categories teenagers had the highest percent of not knowing the offender at nine percent, children under the age of 12 were at 3 percent (Filkelhor & Ormrod, 2001). Children that fall in the middle
The authors conducted a study to see if recidivism would occur, if juveniles were to transfer to the adult court and facility. They compared their study with the those who were transferred and those that were detained in the juvenile justice system. The study found that 2,738 youths who were transferred to adult criminal court were more likely to re-offend. The study also found that 49 percent of the transferred offenders reoffended, compared with 35 percent of non-transferred. For those that committed violent offenses, 24 percent of those who were transferred reoffended, compared with 16 percent of those that did not transfer.