In Heilbruns book Juvenile Delinquency, he states that juvenile offenders and other adolescent behaviors have become a great concern in today’s society (2005). He then goes on to mention that this concern is made in many different ways, whether it be through law, legal terms, or
Prior to 1899 in the United States, children who committed a criminal offense were tried and punished as adults. Children were being institutionalized with adult criminals where they were picking up negative influences preparing them for a life of crime. Progressive and social change demanded that children be protected and educated instead and therefore a separate court system for juveniles was subsequently established to address this problem. It has since being argued that juvenile courts have abandoned their role to rehabilitate juvenile delinquents and should be abolished.
While the crime committed may be atrocious, adolescents should not be sentenced to life in prison without parole; therefore, they should be given a chance to correct themselves through parole. The
Of those, approximately 95% are not accused of violent crimes (murder, rape or aggravated assault). Yet, these youth are often incarcerated in the juvenile justice system, causing more harm than good to the academic, social and personal growth of our youth (“4 Things to Understand about Youth, Mental Health & Juvenile Justice in the US”, 2015). Juvenile rehabilitation helps troubled and distressed teens become an asset to the community. It is a system created especially for minors who have committed crimes and display unfavorable futures. Since youths are still developing, they have the potential to change.
Agnew argues that the current adolescent generational cohort, in general, is ill-prepared to cope with the social, behaviour and academic demands that typically accompany such privileges” (Taylor, M., Marais, I. & Cottman, R., 2012, p.153). This example shows a clear link to Merton’s area of innovation as “individuals may subscribe to the culturally defined goals, but they do not have the institutionalised means of achieving them. This results in ‘innovative’ means to achieve their goals, and some of which include criminal activity” (White & Perrone, 2010, p.77). Adolescents therefore are prone to committing property offences, such as theft and burglary, because they are highly likely to commit to attain achievement of a goal that otherwise would be
Police use and maintain authority in public, ignoring manners in which this is done. Stop and search has been a conventional and problematic tactic in this, can be highly emotive and if misused it can be harmful to the trust and confidence of young people in the police. What is worrying more than 1000 under-10s had been stopped and searched in less than five years period, including even toddlers.
In the Article, “On punishment and teen killers” published by the juveniles justice information exchange August 2,2011 Jennifer Jenkins focuses on that juveniles should get the sentence they served no matter what age they have. Jenkins points out that, “if Brain development were the reason, then teens would kill at roughly the same rates all over the world.” I agree with this because the United States has the most crimes committed by juveniles. It is strange that juveniles here in the united states seem to be more involved with committing crimes. Using the excuse that the teenagers brain development is not there seems to be more of an excuse because if that were the case then we would have high percentages of juvenile
Parental dysfunctions play a role in sex offender’s behavior problems. According to Netland and Miner , they suggested that poor parental guidance is the one of the reasons why young male sex offenders commit sex offenses. It has been discovered that alcohol abuse during pregnancy can interfere with the development of the unborn children. This is also a reason why young sex offenders and non sex offenders committed crimes.
Due to the harsh treatments incurred in adult prisons, many youth have mental health needs which fail to be meet in an adult facility. Consequently, these harsh treatments cause youth to be more likely to re-offend. After reviewing these facts, it makes absolute sense to retain juveniles in the juvenile system instead of the adult system. The youth is our future; therefore, it is our duty as American citizens to protect that
Introduction Child and juvenile delinquency is a problem that affects every member within a community directly or indirectly. Whether it be having a family member who is a delinquent or having to pay more in taxes to cover the expenses associated with child and juvenile delinquency. In this paper I will highlight the prevalence and development of child delinquency, review the risk and protective factors, and end with the need for more and accessible treatment, services, and intervention programs. Prevalence and Development of Child Delinquency