As said by Jessica Lahey, a contributing writer to New York Times and the Atlantic, "On any given day, 10,000 juveniles are housed in adult prisons and jails. These children lose more than their freedom when they enter adult prisons; they lose out on the educational and psychological benefits offered by juvenile-detention facilities." An adult prison does not have the structuring it needs to give adolescents the chance to prosper after prison. A teenager who is locked up at the age of 13 is ultimately missing out on 5 years of
Juveniles Justice Juveniles who are criminals being sentenced to life without parole can be shocking to some people. I believe if a juvenile is able to commit a crime, then they are able to do the time. The article “Startling finds on Teenage Brains” talks about how the brain can be different from the time you are teens to the time you are an adult. After, considering both sides on juvenile justice it is clear that juveniles should face life without parole because they did the crime so they can do the time. Also I believe the juvenile’s age should not influence the sentence and the punishment give.
In Gail Garinger’s, “Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentences,” she argues that juveniles have great potential in being able to change their lives for the better. Garinger starts off with the superpredator theory which involves kids who will commit crimes in groups, and in response, laws were made to easily try kids as adults in court. Even with the superpredator prediction never coming true, the laws that were made still exist. Garinger then moves on to describing how teens are different than adults in many different aspects. Garinger states, “As a former juvenile court judge, I have seen first hand the enormous capacity of children to change and turn themselves around” (Garinger par.
About eighteen percent of youth referred to the juvenile court are held in detention, awaiting the outcome of their cases. Juveniles charged with drug or personal crimes are mostly likely to be charged With public order and property crimes less likely to get detention. Just as the use of detention has dramatically increased over time, informal adjustment of cases has declined over time, and formal hearings now account for the process in more than half of all juvenile cases. These two trends show the increasing formality of juvenile justice system in response. In cases where a petition has been filed, youth progress to the adjudicatory stage(equivalent to the criminal trial).If a youth is found guilty or plead guilty , he or she is adjudicated to felonious, or adjudication may be withheld contingent upon the youth completion of some program or sanction.
According to statistics from the U.S. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, “there were seventy-eight youth courts in 1994, and there are now approximately 1,400 youth courts in forty-nine states” ("Fact Sheet: Youth Courts", 1) Comparative, California only had two Teen Courts in 1991 but has since grown to have over sixty different programs. This community-based rehabilitation program has succeeded in hundreds of communities across the country on the grounds that they offer the juvenile offender the opportunity to learn how the criminal justice system works, as well as their rights and responsibilities that are coupled with the system. Recent studies show that teen court participation produces a cost-effective program, accountability in young offenders, better community connections, youth influencing youth, and also prevents further delinquent acts ("Fact Sheet: Youth Courts", 2). With the assistance of restorative justice sentencing and harm reduction alternatives to the juvenile justice system, communities around the United States are taking a practical and beneficial approach to the traditional juvenile justice
Teenagers Should Be Treated as Adults According to Temple University professor Laurence Steinberg in his article “Juveniles in the Justice System : New Evidence from Research on Adolescent Development,” as many as 200,000 youths under the age of eighteen are tried as adults each year in the United States. Is this the best way of dealing with young offenders? As reported in a recent ABC New Poll, fifty- five percent of American adults believe the answer is yes (Sussman). There are however, clearly two sides to the issue of juvenile justice. Starting back in the 1700s in America, the juvenile justice system was punitive and unjust.
They know the consequences that they will receive but still go through with the crime and are even proud they did. “The unintended consequence of these laws was that children as young as 13 or 14 who were charged as adults became subject to life without parole sentences” (Garinger, paragraph 2). Why would a teenager that young need to plan and commit a crime? There is no need and they are still young to get their life torn away to be put behind bars. “… cases, ‘juvenile offenders cannot with reliability be classified among the worst offenders’… they remain unformed, it is impossible to assume that they will always present an unacceptable risk to public safety” (Garinger, paragraph 6).
You must know the "nonviolent" offenders populating our prisons are not college students caught with dime bags. They are dangerous people who fall into two classes: those who actually committed nonviolent offenses, and were convicted of those offenses or those who plea-bargained down from other offenses-likely violent offenses-and were convicted of a nonviolent offense. Like other addictive behaviors, drug addiction may have serious negative consequences, including academic failure, job loss, and a breakdown in personal relationships. Here's all you really need to know about so-called nonviolent offenders. In 2004 the Bureau of Justice Statistics studied nonviolent offenders exiting state prisons.
For these reasons, critics of juvenile court system maintain strongly that the judicial system should ensure and put in place a uniform sentencing structure similar to adult courts for young offenders. Evidently, they revealed that imposing minimum sentencing for juveniles has been so far ineffective deterrent. Furthermore, the court has failed in its rehabilitation mission. Furthermore, according to critics, it could also be said that, there is strong evidence juvenile offenders commit crimes with malicious aforethought. In addition, this strong evidence should lead to greater formal charges in adult courts rather than juvenile courts.
Situational crime prevention [SCP] is a comparatively new idea that services a precautionary approach by concentrating on methods to decrease the chances for crime. SCP attentions on the criminal situation and is dissimilar from most criminology as it begins with an inspection of the conditions that permit particular categories of crime. By ahead an understanding of these conditions, mechanisms are then presented to alteration the relevant situations with the goal of dropping the chances for specific crimes. Thus, SCP focuses on crime prevention rather than the punishment or else discovery of criminals and its purpose is to make criminal actions less appealing to offenders. SCP attentions on opportunity-reducing processes that: Are aimed at
JDAI is not about letting these juveniles offender off the hook with no consequences. JDAI is offering a more proactive approach to help juvenile offenders from being incarcerated for petty crimes, and at the same time helping to reduce the amount of juveniles that reoffend later in life. JDAI is using a proactive approach by involving the community, the courts and the families of these young offenders to help make better solutions for at risk
In contrast, in adult justice system, parole is primarily based on surveillance and monitoring of illicit behavior.The juvenile justice system aims at the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. The underlying rationales of the juvenile court system are that youth are developmentally different from adults and that their behavior is malleable. Rehabilitation and treatment, in addition to community protection, are considered to be primary and viable goals (Reiman, 2006). As for the adult justice system, it mainly focuses on the punishment of