The system is put into place in hopes it will deter juveniles away from future crimes to keep their life on track. If the juvenile justice system had a few improvements and more people supported it then it could become a very successful system. With the system already making modifications, there is still a few changes left that
Probation is known as a front-door program that helps participants avoid going to jail or prison; it also serves as a second chance for offenders to get their lives back together. I was wondering, though—does probation really work for youth? Do those who undergo probation receive rehabilitation so they won’t commit future crimes? Also, what is it like to have someone who is a youth in the criminal justice system? What services do they receive?
It is plausible that if the city put more interest in preventing crime, there would be less depressive kids, or kids committing crimes. We must also put into consideration what happens to the young criminal after they come out of jail. In addition, in the article “Delinquent youth in corrections: Medicaid and reentry into the community,Gupta Ravindra talks about how the juvenile delinquent isn’t given mental help to be readmitted into the community. Thus leads to the assumption that
An offender deserves punishment, but it should be adjusted for juveniles to serve appropriate time to mature into civilized adults. Giving them a chance of redemption after years spent in prison will lead positivity with these ex-convicts making the most out of it. It also could mean less taxpayer money would go to fund prisons and can be directed somewhere more beneficial for the
The reasoning behind the drop is that we are sending juveniles to residential treatment over incarceration, which is more in line with the goal of rehabilitation over punishment. Michael Orlando is the court director for Fairfield County Juvenile Court, he reported that we are now treating juvenile offenders in a case management approach, employing social workers, as opposed to the punishment model, this is different than how we treat adults. He also reported that juveniles only get sent to a detention center if they are a harm to themselves or others. I think today we have a better understanding of mental health and how incarceration is not the answer we still have a long way to go and more to discover, therefore research is critical. It is also very important that social workers, teachers, law enforcement, the courts, corrections etc.
Equally important, is the matters in which both the Young Offenders Act and the youth Criminal justice Act, Aid Young offenders that are trying to reintegrate into society after being released. This matter can prove to be very important to the courts due to simply to the fact that if there is a higher and the most successful rate of offender reintegration in Canada, there will be a significant decrease in the yearly youth crime statistic because of the fewer amounts of youth re-offenders. According to the Department of justice Canada( 2009), “Under the YOA, a young person can be released from custody with no required supervision and support to assist the young person in making the transition back to his or her community”( Custody and Reintegration). With these findings, we can clearly conclude that although these young people were capable re-attaining their freedoms, many of Canada’s youths would have
Since youths are still developing, they have the potential to change. The Forbes article (2015), 4 Things to Understand about Youth, Mental Health & Juvenile Justice in the US, shows both the nature and the nurture that results in a juvenile’s behavior, thus, showing that more nurture, or better rehabilitation practices, can help alter the demeanor of a child ( ). Research in general, on deterrence-oriented-correction programmes and assessments of the effects of prison-term length has shown that punishment has little or no effect on recidivism, and that offenders who are sent to prison had higher recidivism rates than those placed on probation (Chu & Ogloff, 2012). In contrast to correctional sanctions, rehabilitation treatment aims at motivating, guiding and supporting constructive change within offenders in whatever characteristics and circumstances that give rise to their criminal behavior or undermine their prosocial behavior (Chu & Ogloff, 2012). In order to identify the reason for a juveniles actions and begin the treatment process, the first step is the screening process.
In conclusion several attempts had been made in attempts to reduce the number of juveniles serving time in adult correctional facilities however thus far efforts have failed. When it becomes brutally evident that the current plan is not working than its time to implement a different plan or revise the current ones. As of today juveniles are being incarcerated at nearly double the rate of juveniles back in 2010, thus emphasizing the need for change. There are multiple efforts that could be made in attempts to reform the current juvenile justice system. The current system does not consider the psychosocial issues surrounding juveniles prior to committing any crime.
Therapies such as these come in handy by allowing the youth and their family to communicate. The family is an integral part in the life of adolescents. Next, out of home treatment programs are efficient in helping youth change their ways. These programs evaluate the youth, their crime and then decide how restrictive the program will be for the youth. All of these are done on a case by case basis.
Hey Priscilla, you bring up a good point about the separation between juveniles and adults when it comes to the justice system. I agree that parens patriae should not be dispose since the government has to protect minors that can not protect them self. I know most juveniles lack maturity, development, and cognitive thinking skill in comparison to an adult, but it may be in the community they live in. Most juveniles that live in high crime areas are born into the criminal lifestyle and with parens patriae they can live a better life away from all crimes. Like you mention, juvenile offenders should join community based residential facilities to improve their well being, if they are dealing with minor offenses.
The approach of Project New Pride is one of confronting and correcting the youths needs all at once. Since 1974, Project New Pride has been deemed a ' 'model program ' ' and by 1979 The Law Enforcement Assistance Administration 's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention granted funds to the program for it 's expansion in 10 other states. Project New Pride wants to work with the juveniles so that they can reenter the community with new skills to stay in school, get a job, or do both. Both skills help juveniles become self sufficient
Instead of thinking the worse about teens. Have an open mind when a teen is doing something because it could be for the better. Not all teens have the intention to do something bad. Along with that, if you don’t have the full context wait until you make an assumption about the person. According to the article, “ Negative Stereotypes Hurting Teens Job prospects,” Birdwell said, “Teenagers are motivated to make a difference in their community, but the approach they take is radically different to previous generations.” People need to notice these differences and think about the good possibilities.