There are many aspects of it that help preserve the well-being of juveniles. With every system there are pros and cons, and the juvenile justice system is no different. Although there are many things that the juvenile system helps by being a part of, there are as many things that are made worse by the system. Being understanding of juvenile mistakes and being sympathetic to them as well will help children be able to develop their lives in the future. Being able to grasp the fact that teenage brains are still developing will help with the sentencing of adolescents.
There are other effects imprisonment has on an offender, for example mental illness, suicidal, isolation, the fear of being attacked or preyed upon, also the low self-worth one has. This is the more formal aspect of the criminal justice system. The juvenile justice system has the same effects of incarnation on young person as the adult system. Incarnation damages an adult, it is for this reason that the juvenile justice system try to avoid placing youth criminals into the young
There are differences between a juvenile court and criminal court in the United States. The focus of the juvenile justice system is on rehabilitation, in hope of deterring the minor away from a life of crime so they will not commit a crime again as an adult. In contrast, the criminal justice system focuses on the punishment and often bases the sentencing outcome on the criminal history of the youth. In a study conducted, Butler (2011) showed that the participants’ experience with adult jails and prisons show that those facilities may instill fear but are otherwise emotionally—and often physically—dangerous for youth. Many of the adult prisoners, who were minors when they enter the adult institution, felt they were forced to “grow
Strain Theory Delia Sanchez Professor Downey December 1, 2016 Abstract In this paper, the many reasons on how strain theory best attests juvenile punishment will be explained. Juveniles often go through many traumatizing events in their lives, and one reason on how to cope with that is, crime. Minors depend on crime for a number of things, such as seeking out a family, a way to rebel against their parents, and looking for a way to quickly “gather” money. Throughout the paper, the many details on how, and why this happens, will are further explained. Strain Theory Juvenile delinquency is the behavior that violates criminal law by a youth individual who has not yet reached the age of specified age.
Other laws—including those that exclude entire age groups from the purview of the juvenile justice system (Torbet et al. 1996), and others that “criminalize” the juvenile justice system by modeling it increasingly after the adult justice system (Feld 1999)—have led to similar debates. Although no state has begun to unify their juvenile and adult justice systems, it remains unclear how many court practitioners would oppose or embrace such a change (Butts and Harrell 1998). The debate continues, as do attempts to modify various sentencing laws to achieve such goals as deterrence, retribution, rehabilitation, and accountability. Juxtaposed against the theme of continuity is the fact that in more than perhaps any period in juvenile justice, the last two decades have been witness to an almost ceaseless effort to develop new ways of preventing juvenile crime while holding young people accountable.
“New Orleans prosecutors are seeking life without parole [for juvenile offenders] in half of all cases; in West Baton Rouge Parish, 100 percent,” (“Justice for the Youngest Inmates”). Whenever a minor is found guilty of committing a crime, he or she must go through the processes of the juvenile justice system. There has been much controversy over how young criminals should be punished and corrected for breaking the law. The goal of the juvenile justice system is to rectify the mistakes that youths have committed in order to produce functional, well-mannered members of society. However, juveniles are often treated poorly after being tried and come out of the detention facilities in a worse condition than when they entered.
Advocates often repeat, but truly misunderstand brain research on this issue”(Jenkins). This matters because the teens need to act in a maturely matter if they don’t want to end up in jail for the rest of their lives. This means that the teens are being convicted as if they were adults because they are committing serious crimes. That being said, that is not good for the country because the death rate and the juvenile rate keeps on increasing which is costing many lives of innocent people. I believe that juveniles or adults that commit serious crimes should be put in jail with life sentenced without
About eighteen percent of youth referred to the juvenile court are held in detention, awaiting the outcome of their cases. Juveniles charged with drug or personal crimes are mostly likely to be charged With public order and property crimes less likely to get detention. Just as the use of detention has dramatically increased over time, informal adjustment of cases has declined over time, and formal hearings now account for the process in more than half of all juvenile cases. These two trends show the increasing formality of juvenile justice system in response. In cases where a petition has been filed, youth progress to the adjudicatory stage(equivalent to the criminal trial).If a youth is found guilty or plead guilty , he or she is adjudicated to felonious, or adjudication may be withheld contingent upon the youth completion of some program or sanction.
For this to occur there needs to be better communication between schools, teachers, parents, law enforcement, and the juvenile justice system which would allow for several alternatives for youth to be created without having a negative impact on their lives. These alternatives can purely be based on a wraparound service approach in which services from each foundation can be integrated, merely allowing for resources to increase in the schools that can address the most challenging and detrimental behaviors within a child. Also, before a child is suspended there should be other alternatives as well. It is without question that schools will continue to use the method of suspension and expulsion to handle disruptive behaviors but those students, in my opinion, are more likely to have adverse outcomes and a
I believe that sentencing juveniles to life in prison as if they are adults is not appropriate or fair because they are biologically different and can be rehabilitated. Juveniles are biologically different from adults. Throughout their life, the brain undergoes many changes. Many changes are reasonable, “… language systems grow furiously until age twelve and then stop… Mathematical brain systems grow little until puberty…” (Thompson, paragraph 6). This shows that the brain is developing
It opens doors for them to become unresponsive to necessary treatment. This leads to a bigger problem. Keeping them with their peers gives them a better chance of being rehabilitated. Influence plays a major part in juvenile’s rehabilitation. Sending a teen to adult jail is not the answer.