Juvenile Justice Act 1986

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India is a country of diversified religions and cultures. Despite its continuous growth, it could be seen that the opinions and views of the people have not undergone a significant change. Since time immemorial, a boy child has been regarded to be an important part of the family. The birth of a child is considered to be the most joyous moment for a family especially when it’s the baby boy. But when the child commits such a heinous crime, is it still right to consider him as a child below eighteen years of age, or to consider him at par with the adults? According to Article 1 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), “a child means every human being below the age of 18 years unless, under the law applicable to the child,…show more content…
It led to the establishment in India, for the first time, the Juvenile Justice Act in the year 1986. The basic purpose for the enactment of the act was to protect children from the strict punishment that they might face if tried under other laws like IPC, Cr.P.C. and so on. For this purpose, a certain age was fixed for boys as well as for girls. According to Juvenile Justice Act, 1986, a boy below sixteen years of age and a girl below eighteen years of age were considered as juveniles. However, with the amendment, it led to the replacement of the Act with the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. It fixed the age up to eighteen years irrespective of the sex of the person. Any person, who is below eighteen years of age, is regarded as a juvenile and thereby would be tried in the Juvenile…show more content…
This Act was constituted in terms of the Conventions on the Rights of a Child and the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the administration of Juvenile Justice 1985 (Beijing Rules). The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 outlines two target groups. One group is the “Child in need of care and protection” and the other part deals with the “juveniles in conflict with law”. Child in need of care and protection basically implies to provide protection, rehabilitation, care, treatment, and a safe environment to the children. It helps to restore the family to the child or family related environment to the child. For this purpose, Child Welfare Committees have been established to look after the welfare of the children. It consists of a chairperson and four other members out of which one should be a woman and one should be an expert legal adviser in the field of children related issues. The motive of this committee is to uphold the rights of the children as well as to provide them with the shelter homes if the child does not have any family support. Now the second part explains about “juveniles in conflict with law.” It calls for the establishment of Juvenile Justice Boards (JJB). JJB’s enquires into the nature of the crime committed

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