Juvenile Courts

1745 Words7 Pages
Juvenile Transfer to Adult Court Introduction Children represent the future. They are greatest resources and the hope for a much better tomorrow. In the other side, some people think that youngsters invoke concern, since some kids lack self-control, ethics and morals. Those kids usually ended up in our criminal justice system. There are special courts inside our criminal justice system designed for delinquent juvenile offenders. Juvenile is someone who is under the age of eighteen. Juvenile courts usually handle delinquent offenders who committed crime such as larceny, vandalism, assault alcohol offenses, in other word minor crimes. Some juvenile offenders commit serious crime that may lead to harsher penalty. Those juvenile are often sent…show more content…
The legislators recognized that juvenile delinquent need it their own counts since juvenile are different and they should be treat with a different standard in determining if they are guilt or not. Consequently the juvenile court was created and one their mission was to help children in trouble. First juvenile court in the United State was established in 1899 in Chicago, Illinois. Thought rapidly gotten on most state to set up Juvenile Court System. At the start of the Juvenile system was nothing more than a juvenile offender and a judge having a conversation about what the offender did wrong and why he or she shouldn’t do it again. The goal of the Juvenile Courts system was to rehabilitate instead of punish juvenile offenders. The courts based this on the legal doctrine of parens patriae. This doctrine enables the state to fill in as a juvenile guardian. The courts attempted to center around the best interest of the…show more content…
The state legislature added additional statutory provisions to guarantee that juvenile who committed any serious offenses were in jail. In 1903 the prosecutor make the decision whether a juvenile should be transfer to an adult court. In order for a juvenile to be transfer to an adult court, they need it to meet certain requirements. In 1966, on account of Kent v. United States, the U.S. Preeminent Court built up a procedure in which to postpone adolescents to adult court. This procedure was required to cling to certain sacred shields, which incorporate the privilege to a waiver hearing. Only one year later, in 1967, the U.S. Supreme Court choice on account of In re Gault served to make a rundown of protected rights for all adolescents that were prepared in the adolescent court. These rights incorporated the privilege to see, the privilege to guide, the privilege to round of questioning of witnesses, and the benefit against

More about Juvenile Courts

Open Document