Although the Youth Offender Act contained many sentencing options, the Youth Criminal justice Act contained many new provisions and much more concise detail and instructions on the options that were already in effect. The improvements made in the YCJA lead to a better understanding of the differences between a non-violent crime and non-severe crime and violent or severe crime, these terms very important because sentencing has influenced these factors. To demonstrate the importance of these terms and how severe the sentencing was under the Yong Offenders Act, when the Department of justice released the Youth Criminal Justice Act: Summary and Background (2009), they stated that under the effect of the YOA: “The youth incarceration rate is higher than the adult incarceration rate in Canada” (Youth Sentences). This information is a Clear demonstration of how important the Youth Criminal Justice Act has become for
Of those, approximately 95% are not accused of violent crimes (murder, rape or aggravated assault). Yet, these youth are often incarcerated in the juvenile justice system, causing more harm than good to the academic, social and personal growth of our youth (“4 Things to Understand about Youth, Mental Health & Juvenile Justice in the US”, 2015). Juvenile rehabilitation helps troubled and distressed teens become an asset to the community. It is a system created especially for minors who have committed crimes and display unfavorable futures. Since youths are still developing, they have the potential to change.
Another study, conducted in austional, where the juvenile conviction rate was very high, demonstrated how supervision skills work within youth probation programs. The view that this research proposed is the “Good Lives Model” (Ward, 2010); This model focuses on client strengths, on enhancing their opportunities to achieve the goals of a good life (such as employment and social relationships), and on developing holistic plans for change. This model is critical of the focus that the RNR model has on risk factors, and instead it emphasizes the importance of therapeutic alliance and of enhancing opportunities for offenders to achieve the goals associated with a good life (Trotter& Evans, 2009). By focusing on their goals and strengths and how they act in social settings, the Good Lives Model allows officers to help their clients have better chances of preventing recidivism. For these reasons, I believe this is a great
The last juvenile program that I will discuss is Project New Pride. Project New Pride deals with juveniles who are ages 14-17, who have serious misdemeanors and/or felonies and have more than 2 priors. The program gives juveniles who have a host of issues in their lives, a sense of pride and ample opportunities to feel that they are worth the opportunity. Project New Pride offers juvenile offender 's the blend of many programs, such as alternative schooling, counseling, job placement, recreation, correction of learning disabilities, cultural activities, and vocational training (Project New Pride). The approach of Project New Pride is one of confronting and correcting the youths needs all at once.
Youthful offenders go to juvenile justice charged with the different detention custody, diagnosis. They have a Department of Youth Services (DYS) is for comprehensive and coordinated program also have youth referred. They DYS has to employ medical, dental, psychiatric, social work, psychological, investigative, legal. The History of Juvenile was Massachusetts in the (1906-1996) and children charged with crimes and any other defendant under age seven. Initial Theory and treat juvenile offenders also guidance rather than as criminals.
In Herbert Packer's book “The Limits of the Criminal Sanctions,” he describes the two criminal justice models that he referenced as the “due process model and the crime control model.” (Bohm, Hailey, 2012, p.16.). Herbert explained the two models in detail and made valid points about the advantages of both of the models. The crime control model was the first model described by Herbert Packer.
Further, diverting juvenile offenders towards community and treatment-based programs have proven to be far more effective at addressing and preventing future delinquency in comparison to placing them in confinement. Additionally, diversion programs allow youths to separate themselves from the stigma of “youth delinquents” and channel their behavior towards a more positive outcome.
One of the most significant impacts of the restorative justice is that it provides healing to the victims. () Compare to the punitive justice, the restorative justice is a different approach to deal with crime as it emphasis on healing human emotions such as guilt, compass and forgiveness. I t places victims as the center of the problem. In our society, every member is interrelated. Restorative justice offers the process for those affected by criminal behaviour such as the victims, offenders and families to take part in resolving the issues.
Within the judicial and criminal justice systems, restorative justice is seen as a forward moving process in regards to the way in which the sentencing of offenders is handled (Britto & Reimund, 2013). Restorative justice works to focus on the needs of both the victim and the offender but incorporates the community as well as those who support both the victim and offender (Britto & Reimund, 2013). The approach of restorative justice in not simply a means by which society responds to and reduces crime but instead, provides an equivalently valuable social response to crime (Dancig-Rosenberg and Galt, 2013). Furthermore, the restorative approach places emphasis on the personal and relational harms which were caused by the crime while creating space for dialogue concerning the actual damage, whether directly or
The consequences of a probation violation depend on a number of different circumstances. The seriousness of the violation and the nature of the violation are the two biggest factors that determine the consequences. Although federal and state governments govern the laws surrounding probation violations, each state has their own guidelines regarding violations and the punishment associated with the violations. Types of Probation Violations Aside from breaking current laws, people on probation can violate the terms of their probation in other ways. If offenders do not report to their probation officers at the scheduled place and time, they are in violation of their probation.
For centuries, the criminal justice system has continually evolved and adapted to society where its sole purpose has been to punish those that break the laws deemed to be uncivilized. By punishing criminals, it attempts to maintain peace and order in society so that chaos and anarchy does not run amok. The criminal justice system we have today is divided into three sections, each with different responsibilities to uphold. The police are in charge of investigating and capturing criminals, the courts are in charge with the decision of whether or not a crime has been committed and if the person should be charged, and the corrections system is responsible for making sure the punishment given by the court is carried out (Mallicoat 2017:4). By examining the two contrasting ideologies of the criminal justice system, crime control and due process, we can see that our criminal justice system is flawed in maintaining public order and protecting our rights.
Social Justice Issue: Juvenile Justice System Prior to the 1960’s youth did not have their own set of constitutional rights, which led them to be charged unconventionally depending on the situation; often they were viewed as mini-adults who understood the consequences of their actions completely. As crimes committed by youth rose, the US Congress passed the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act in 1974. This was put in place to help reform treatment of juvenile offenders, preventing them from being held as adults for petty crimes, and made states follow plans to help reduce the amounts of minorities in the system due to disproportional amounts (which is still the case today). With the all time high-rise of crime in the 1980’s to the 1990’s and