The poet describes the irrationality and chaos that exists in the core of Grendel’s being by saying how “no counsellor could ever expect fair reparation from those rabid hands” (157,158). This description indicates the repercussions of greed and how it can cause immense irrationality as all the laws and morals set in place in a society crumble when faced with this primitive emotion. The “counsellor” in the above-mentioned lines represents the wise and elderly who offer their wisdom and help the society retain its moral virtues in the poem and, thus, the “counsellor” could symbolize the Anglo- Saxon civilization and the rules and regulations that govern it. Grendel goes against the societal norms and values as he is not expected to be fair
Man’s very being, infected by some “vicious mole [blemish] of nature” inherited involuntarily at birth, overthrows “the pales and fortes of reason” and thereby corrupts the whole. The anguish desolation that Hamlet feels is epitomized through the juxtaposition of his movement; grand sweeping gestures to his jerky and quick accusatory gaze/ arm. Men are prisoners of their appetites, helpless to achieve the goodness so mockingly revealed by their philosophic quest for the ideal. Therefore he cannot trust others as he views humanity to be flawed and thus he perceives all man and women to be corrupt which was a common view during this period due to the protestant reformation and the totalitarian state of England. Hamlet realises that
As well as the value of a human life during these times of war, but the insanity of war and Heller 's solution to insanity is the idea of "there is always a catch" in life is shown to a dramatic extent. Heller 's novel not only satirizes war, but all of society. Moreover, Heller shows the perversions of the human character and society. Using unique style and structure, and also satirizes war and its values as well as using the war setting to satirize society at large.
William Shakespeare's King Lear is depressing and has no mercy, but it also encounters many more aspects which are quite important for everyone to know, such as: trails of deaths, battles, love, hatred, treacheries and most importantly nature and culture. Shakespeare created a play where the world was cruel and there was only plotting and tragedy with no shining light at the end of the tunnel. Shakespeare makes King Lear, a natural figure to show the hypocrisy. The connection between King Lear and Cordelia is an analogy for the relationship of nature and culture. It seems that King Lear believed in culture instead of nature, he could not understand his youngest, nicest and the most loving daughter Cordelia only because she had no words to
“Fate is enigmatic to us all… one of the immutable common denominators of our condition; no career of rampant ‘manly’ self-assertion can hope to circumvent or control it” (Ramsey). Macbeth, a tragedy focused on the paradox of fate and free will, is the very tale of human flaws, where we stumble and grapple at the loose edges of fate’s rocky, monstrous barrier as we try to control our future; we desperately seek out manliness and strength, only to develop cruelty, which drags us down under fate’s shackle’s again. In Shakespeare’s Macbeth, masculinity and cruelty are explored as a military genius, Macbeth, is confronted by three witches that prophesize his sudden rise to power. Overcome by ambition and driven by his wife’s insinuating doubts in his manliness, Macbeth resorts to cruelty as he fights to gain the throne and maintain his authority. By the end of the play, Macbeth’s defeat and death acts as a symbol suggesting a relationship between masculinity and cruelty.
Human beings do not have a total control over their thoughts and emotions. The human mind can easily be influenced by changes in terms of social status, greediness, and ambition. The play, Macbeth by William Shakespeare and the novel The Talented Mr. Ripley by Patricia Highsmith are types of artworks where these changes or events can unleash the worst characteristics of people, and a battle for control ensues, between the good side and the dark forces within. To begin with, firstly, at the beginning of the play, Macbeth appears as a brave soldier and a warrior hero, whose fame on the battlefield led him to get a great honor from the king.
The Human Frailty’’ is concerned with the new aspirations that appeared during the Renaissance era that often showed how an individual is shaped by his weakness such as the uncontrolled ambition, passion and the limitless need to know, to rule, to have revenge or to love. Such ideas occupied the minds of many playwrights at that time. This paper is mainly concerned with the treatment of these ideas in William Shakespeare’s King Lear, it has been chosen because it represents the emergence of human weakness during that conflicting period leading man to his downfall, the embodiment of tyrannical power, King Lear is a tragedy of a protagonist who falls because of his weakness. In King Lear, the main idea is how a man of a royal position foolishly
Readers may feel as if they are on a pendulum between admiring the Duke’s actions and despising him for all the mess he creates. The Duke is one of the distinctive characters in this play because he appears almost in every scene, undetectably gets to the bottom of the secrets of others with the mere intention of having it all brought to order. Everything that happens in this play is an outcome of his own desires, his lies and twist of truth resulting in ordinary people being offered a false view of their world. A.P. Rossiter argues that what one makes of the ending… depends on what one makes of the Duke. Interestingly, however, he also says: “I do not quite know what to make of the Duke” (Rossiter 164).
Prospero asserts his own superiority or knowledge of civilization by using his magic powers and Ariel to reach his desired goals and by constantly brutalizing Caliban to weaken his claims that the island actually belongs to him. His tyrannical state is revealed when he uses verbal abuse against Caliban and threatens to imprison Ariel lest he dare disobey his commands. His tyrannical or rather, say, revengeful nature becomes more pronounced in act III, scene III when the spirits appear inviting the king and the other men to a banquet of food they’ve brought. Prospero enters at this moment, having made himself magically invisible to everyone but the audience. Just as they are about to eat, Ariel appears in the form of a harpy, who then calls himself the instrument of Fate and reprimands the men for driving Prospero and his little daughter out of Milan.
Fitzgerald, like many authors of his time, found himself at odds with the rising tide of new morals and values that came to overtake traditional ones and sought to push back against it through their literature. Through The Great Gatsby and its characters, Fitzgerald delivered a scathing criticism to modern society and put a spotlight on its failures and pitfalls. He used the character of Tom Buchanan to highlight modern society’s lack of personal connection and how it would lead to its downfall. His dominating and overbearing aura combined with his distrust of the unfamiliar separated him from those he know just as modern values tended to drive people from each-other and create more enemies than friends. His obliviousness highlighted his separation
In Macbeth, Shakespeare uses juxtaposition to set up foils that highlight different characteristics of Macbeth: Duncan reveals the depth of Macbeth’s depravity, while Banquo emphasizes Macbeth’s ambition, and Lady Macbeth accentuates Macbeth’s insecurities; exemplifying how a fatal flaw leads to a downfall. Duncan blindly trusts his subjects by providing them with numerous words of praise and rewards. After the former Thane of Cawdor is executed, the king proclaims,..., depicting his exceedingly naive and credulous features. Duncan's righteous personality contrasts with Macbeth’s cautious and cunning nature, and the virtuous ruler meets his end as his trust for Macbeth obscures Macbeth’s murderous motives. Similar to Duncan, Banquo is another
In particular, leaders who are captivated by power allow themselves to abuse their power for their own personal gain. In Shakespeare's Macbeth, Shakespeare portrays Macbeth to be filled with "vaulting ambition" (41) that he consciously throws away his moral principles to kill King Duncan. He initially believes by retaining the highest authority and having a prestige amount of power will result in happiness. In contrast, the opposite occurred, Macbeth gained nothing and loses everything that made him happy like Lady Macbeth, the society's respect, and living at peace while adhering his moral principles. He was so overpowered by greed and the crimes he committed to be a the top, that his feelings of empathy began to fall apart.
Throughout history, many societies needed to classify people in societal groups; it was crucial to establish a “norm”, in other words. For some people, though, where they supposedly belong was not satisfying at all. Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales and William Shakespeare’s The Tempest both examine how individuals wonder and reassign themselves a “worthier” position.