It has been found that three out of four juveniles who are detained by the courts, have a mental health issue, and of those 20 percent suffer from severe mental disorders that can impact their day to day lives. (The Mental Health) For any jail, prison, or detention center one of the major issues that needs to be addressed is mental and physical health issues and having the juvenile population within detention center have some form of these is a major issue. As a society it falls upon the community to protect and deal with these individuals in a manner that won’t restrict them from developing as individuals. By having them in these facilities it is having the opposite affect that is desired by this system. It was found in Holman and Ziedenberg research that in an Oregon detention facility that after a week in the facility, 24 percent of juveniles had suicide ideation and that 34 percent were suffering from a clinical level of depression.
I have come across criminals who have had similar or better childhoods than myself. They have spent several years in prison or have been addicted to drugs and are now trying to put the past behind them. So why must their past dictate their future? It would be irresponsible of us as a society not to allow people a second chance at life. Especially
Stance: Rikers should be closed Rikers Island is the main prison complex in New York City. It was established in the 1930s and remains to be functional to this day, holding approximately 10,000 inmates at a time (Lippman, J., & Mark-viverito, M. (2017, March 31)). Rikers Island has been source of controversy, where many believe that it creates more problems than it solves. From Rikers Island stories of mental and physical abuse arise, such as the story of Kalief Browder, an adolescent who took his own life after spending 3 years at the complex (Gonnerman, J. (2015, June 08)).
children have a parent in jail. In the Dallas-Fort Worth area alone, 72,000 children have lost a parent due to incarceration (Amachi, 2016). Due to the fact that the size of the problem is growing “and its tendency to impact already vulnerable children signals a need to clarify both the unique needs and challenges shared by these children as well as the individual qualities and circumstances that mediate the effect of parental incarceration” (La Vinge, Davies, & Brazzell, 2008, p. 2). Unfortunately, children who suffer from having an incarcerated parent are too often invisible to policy makers and social service organizations. Nature and Scope of Concern
It is well documented that keeping an inmate in solitary confinement for long periods of times exacerbates mental illness, increases the risk of suicide, and creates a sense of hopelessness. In performing my research on this issue, I came across a program that was developed and implemented in Michigan by Warden Catharine Bauman and her staff at Algers Prison. The “Incentives in Segregation” program, contains six stages that prisoners need to complete to work their way out of high security to a lower-security status. Advancement through each stage is contingent upon prisoners’ behavior. Prisoners could not act or speak threateningly or use inappropriate language or gestures towards staff or other prisoners and must keep their cells and themselves
Stuart Grassian, a board-certified psychiatrist and a former faculty member from the Medical School at Harvard, has interviewed hundreds of prisoners in solitary confinement (Breslow). In one of his studies, Grassian discovered that approximately 1 out of 3 prisoners in isolation “were actively psychotic and/or acutely suicidal.” With his newly discovered knowledge, Grassian has discovered that solitary can cause a specific psychiatric syndrome, which include hallucinations, panic attacks, overt paranoia, diminished impulse control, hypersensitivity to external stimuli, and difficulties with thinking, concentration and memory (Breslow). A few of the convicts lost their ability to maintain their sense of alertness, while others discovered newfound obsessions which crippled any chance of progress. The mental heath risks are horrible, the punishment is not rehabilitating prisoners but making them more dangerous to the outside
Due to the judicial policies getting tougher on issues such as drug offenses and what they consider felonies, more and more people are going to prison. As of now, the United States has the highest rate of incarcerations. The inmates themselves are not only the only ones affected; 2.8 million children are left behind in the country after their parents are arrested (The Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children: Needs and Responsive Services). Children of incarcerated parents do not really get the attention they need, leaving them to face many problems alone. These children tend to develop mental illnesses, awkward social skills, and they function very different than a child with a normal home setting.
The mass media shows negative coverage of poor minorities’ crime communities. Juvenile delinquency and single parenting homes are one of the many issues that are happening in today’s American’s society. There has been much debate over the relationship between broken homes, single-parent families, and juvenile delinquency (Thompson & Byrum, 2013). A single-parent home is where only the mother or the father is left to raise their children on their own. A broken home
Besides detainees being directly affected by overcrowded prison, it has an adverse effect on society, due to detainees being victim of recidivism. As agreed by United States Sentencing Commission (2016), “nearly half (49.3%) of such offenders were rearrested within eight years for either a new crime or for some other violation of the condition of their probation or release conditions”. The study additionally states that “almost one-third (31.7%) of the offenders were also reconvicted, and one-quarter (24.6%) of the offenders were reincarcerated over the same study period”. This to imply that society is surrounded by former law-breaker who never got a chance to change their sinful habits. Some of the victim of recidivism, according to United States Sentencing Commission
“Two-thirds of prisoners reoffend within three years of leaving prison, often with a more serious and violent offense (Gillan).” This is an example of what society calls recidivism. According to Webster, recidivism is a tendency to lapse into a previous pattern of behavior, especially a pattern of criminal habits. The purpose of imprisonment is intended to rehabilitate the prisoners. The idea of imprisonment is so that after criminals are done with their personal sentence they will not want to go back into the system. “Unfortunately, research has consistently shown that time spent in prison does not successfully rehabilitate most inmates, and the majority of criminals return to a life of crime almost immediately (Vaccarello).” The judicial system is set up for humans to recommit crimes because they are not giving the proper rehabilitation while in prison.
In the article, the authors argue “these children are at greater risk for emotional and behavioral problems than other children, and that their household income and stability is often adversely affected by parental incarceration” (Beck & Jones, 2008, p. 128). Undoubtedly, children are greatly affected by a parent being put to death by the state and their community supporting that execution. Intense media attention during the execution date increases pain and anxiety. Following this further, the authors make the argument “Children of incarcerated parents are five times more likely to be incarcerated than children whose parent was not incarcerated” (Beck & Jones, 2008, p. 192-193). Consequently, this study conducted shows that children of incarcerated parents needs assistance with dealing with grief through counseling or other type of programming.
Most people in the United States each year go the prison and keep there for non-violent crime, such as drug related offenses. This issue has affected many family’s life for many years and caused the prisoners to deprive from many of their rights. Lacking the appropriate policies for keeping drug related offenses in prison has been a public health crisis and created a new addiction, like penchant for locking people up in prison. The author in this article “prison addiction: why mass incarceration policies must change.” discusses about lacking the appropriate policies for incarceration for non-violent drug related offenses. In this regard, he points that this issue has been part of public health crisis, and many families live in poverty with
In addition to the negative purpose of a retributive punishment system, the current prison conditions help explain why this model is severely damaging to convicts. The United States prison condition is plagued with brutal violence, increased rate of sexual abuse, mistreatment of convicts, and overcrowding of prisons at an alarming rate. This coincides with the retributive-model, considering this dogma fails to view these criminal offenders as socially ill individuals and leading to extensive imprisonment periods. In 2005, a research was conducted about the current prison condition in the U.S. Results showed that “the population of convicts has risen by nearly 4x in the last 20 years, accumulating close to 2 million convicts” (Jeffrey Smith,
Post Incarceration Syndrome, also known as PICS, is the set of symptoms that arises in recently released prisoners and is caused by being incarcerated for a long period of time with punishment and little to no opportunities to make transition out of prison easier. PICS arises most often in those that were subject to abuse while incarcerated. PICS is a mix of mental disorders, and the five clusters of symptoms include Institutionalized Personality Traits, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Antisocial Personality Traits, Social-Sensory Deprivation Syndrome, and Substance Abuse Disorders. PICS affects more than just those suffering from it personally, it can severely affect those around them as well. Many of those that suffer from PICS end up being
Mass Incarceration and Minority Communities Mass incarceration within the United State of America is a controversial topic in politics today because of the negative effects it has on minority communities. “The United States leads the world in the percentage of its population that serves time in prison or jail.1,2 As of 2012, nearly 7 million men and women are on probation, parole, or under some other form of community supervision, which means that nearly 3% of the American adult population is currently involved in correctional supervision,” (Hatzenbuehler, Keyes, Hamilton, and Uddin, 2015). How does it affect the minority communities? According to the NAACP’s website “African American and Hispanics comprised 58% of all prisoners in 2008,