Michelle Alexander, a civil rights lawyer and legal scholar, argues not only that mass incarceration is a “well-disguised system of racialized social control that functions in a manner strikingly similar to Jim Crow"(4), but that the prison label placed on convicts is “more damaging to the African American community than the shame and stigma associated with Jim Crow’ (17). While I had previous knowledge of the systematic racial oppression that continues to hold power in our country, I did not have any idea of to what extent the label of ‘felon’ has on the life
The standard form of response given by the system causes inefficiency in dealing with several acts which are all labelled with the name “crime” (Hillyard & Tombs, 2007). Besides, many events causing serious harms to the individuals and society have been ignored or not been handled properly. Rape is a type of violent and safety crime as it is related to the personal safety of the janitors in an occupational environment, but the supports given in the existing data and laws are minimal under the term of crime (Hillyard & Tombs, 2007). Sexual assault, the issue mentioned in the night rape video, is one of the issues that is described to be “marginal” in crime laws, policies, enforcement of laws or even academic discussion. This creates disadvantages especially to the weak who are the majority in encountering such criminal acts and also causes multiple harms (Box, 1983,
Some excellent examples of this are discrimination, bravery, and family. Lee introduces discrimination into the story by showing the different social structures of the people in Maycomb. For instance, even though the Robison’s, and other black families, are more courteous than the Ewells, they are put below them on the social scale because of the fact that they aren’t white; the only people that are put below blacks are mixed people because they are unwanted. When it came to the trial, it was the word of a white man against the word of a black. As a result, Tom was still convicted, even though he was telling the truth and the evidence showed it wasn’t him, because Mr. Ewell was a white man.
In conclusion, Phillipe Bourgois valiant effort to positively characterize the residents of El Barrio may be described as a failure, in terms of not fully representing all the different people of the neighborhood, especially the “hard-working, drug free Harlemites” (10). However, this is not meant to discount his ethnography, for which he sacrificed a great deal and worked quite hard to accomplish. Bourgois succeeds in addressing the structural inequalities of a legal system that favors and sympathizes to whites and the Anglo middle and upper class. It is clear that his work has facilitated the greater improvement of Harlem neighborhoods, especially in the fight to treat drug use as a health issue, rather than a crime issue.
The black-white binary is an overly simplistic, but not ineffective, lens through which we view race relations in the United States. The black part of the binary stands to represent the minority, of any kind, and the white part represents the whites. The black-white binary stands as an effective port to view race relations through because it is easily understandable. The US has a history of ill-relations with, but not limited to, the black community which most people will grasp, adding more specific relations would confuse people. The black-white binary, although easily understandable, does not address the many other race relations that whites have had with minorities.
While Jim’s role in the ending is considerable smaller, giving him the identity of more of a sidekick rather than a key character, and some parts were unnecessary for the central themes of race in society, the novel still sends a powerful message about race. Mark Twain’s message is subtle; he dismisses racism and slavery not always through direct statements, but by highlighting Southern attitude and marking the irrationality and irony of those very beliefs. The use of the n-word may make readers uncomfortable, but the language reflects the societal norms at the time, and the portrayal of Jim contradicts every stereotype of “the Negro,” making readers at that time period question their own beliefs. As the reader learns more about Jim and his courageous actions, while simultaneously reading about the cruelty towards African Americans in society, the reader will inevitably come to reject the racism and discrimination prevalent in 19th century American society. That is what makes this novel so effective, and just for that, it deserves its eminent position in American literature.
This article is a good example in itself; a majority of the article describes all the negative things that happen within prison with a miniscule paragraph about the positive things that have happened. It seems that the negative hustles are more interesting than the positive ones, which is why they get more attention in all aspects of life. This can be blamed on many societal aspects like media coverage, all the way to TV Shows like Orange is the New Black. It seems that we have become a society that glorifies selfishness over selflessness. Rather, we should begin to highlight the more constructive things that happen in our society rather than the dreadful things that paint a negative
There have already been successful implementations of both around the country, yet inmate labor is likely to be stifled and greatly discouraged due to its association with slave labor. The privatization has a much more positive connotation due to its relationship with capitalism, yet thus far prison privatization has been a spectacular flavor but with considerable reform will be successful. While capitalism may be good for business, it does not appear to be a good fit for prisons. Many past studies and crimes against humanity have shown that the best-proven method to keeping a large number of people in order and under the control of their authority is by dehumanizing and using significant force as seen in the Stanford prison experiment. If private prisons were to employ such methods, it would decrease the number of guards necessary, but would certainly violate the rights of the inmates.
Although the writing only gives insight on the discrimination against African Americans, it still goes very well in depth and describes pretty accurately the discrimination African Americans often experience. The writing is a little biased and doesn’t really show more than the African American side of the discrimination, therefore the writing could be useful in paper that wanted to argue against Staples
Therefore, it is shown that the sexist and racist beliefs within the media have become less pronounced. Overall the article ‘Black Panther’ Poised to Shatter a Hollywood Myth is an interesting yet biased article. This is as sexism and racism within the media has vastly improved, however, it is still not better. If there is the presence of sexism and racism in the media, there is a problem. Therefore, although there have been a couple of non-sexist and racist movies, that does not mean that sexism and racism does not exist.
As details of a key compromise measure that did not meet the intended goals became evident, the same groups who had earlier supported the FSA, were now criticizing it. The new law only reduces, but does not eliminate, the sentencing disparity that appears to be directed towards those of the African American community. The criticisms are centered at too many of the low-level drug dealers are being sentenced and incarcerated by the federal criminal justice system (Reid 2012). During this time of accusations by former supporters, the bipartisan cooperation, who were key to the passage of the FSA, created an historic political event. To demonstrate their frustrations they used intense partisan wrangling for a large range of different political issues upon Capitol Hill, and dominated the debate and stymied the proceedings (Gertsman
Michele Alexander has stated that the marginalization, stigmatization, and the discrimination of people of color who constitutes to the new racial caste is not due to them being black, but rather it is the impact of falling into a “non-racialized “ criminal justice system at the epicenter of what is known is mass incarceration. The mass incarceration of the minorities and more so those involved in non-violent drug offenses and the disproportionate application of capital punishments for those killing whites and other disparities in sentencing all point to a legal system that still treat the minorities more harshly when compared to the whites. At one time, Stevenson went to prison, and he was forced to go back to his car to show that he was indeed an attorney. The correction department officers wanted to strip search him and wanted him to sign a book that he was visiting the prison. Contrastingly, attorneys are not supposed to sign the book.
This change might seem small to some people, but they showcase the passive aggressive nature of white rage. Anderson says, “White rage is not about visible violence, but rather works its way through the courts, the legislatures, and a range of government bureaucracies. It wreaks havoc subtly, almost imperceptibly.” Anderson does a fantastic job of showcasing the systematic oppression of African Americans throughout history. America has come a long way when it comes to racism, but there is still a long way to come. Racism has been integrated in justice system at local, state, and federal levels.