Kamala Das is perhaps one of the most well-known names in the field of Indian English literature. She has written about her own personal experiences extensively. This paper will examine the life of the poet and the strong confessional tone in her poetry .It also seeks to explore the various ways in which Kamala Das has represented the themes of love and sexuality in her poems. The volumes of poetry that have been used for assessing the aforementioned themes include The Descendants (1967), Only the Soul Knows how to Sing (1997), Summer in Calcutta (1965) and The Old Playhouse and Other Poems (1973). A pioneer in presenting a straight forward and intricate expression of the feminine sensibility in the Indian English Writings, Das has succeeded in providing the world with a wider and bolder representation of Indian feminism and female sexuality through her writings in English as well as Malayali, under her maiden name Madhavikutty.
The younger woman uses an analogy to compare the older lady to “an old opera tune.” The poem explains that with age, comes maturity; and with maturity comes self-love. In the poem “You are More than Beautiful” Rupi Kaur, feminist and author of Milk and Honey, states she “wants to apologize to all the women [she has] called beautiful before [she’s] called them intelligent or brave. This exemplifies that inwardly beauty will always out rule outwardly
3.1Introduction This chapter presents a feminist analysis of Carol Ann Duffy 's selected collections of poetry. The strength of her poetic voice has increased so that she can claim authority to prescribe feminism for all as a means to a more healthy society. Standing Female Nude, The World 's Wife, and Feminine Gospels all present female voice and experience shedding a new light on dark and neglected corners in a woman 's life. Poet and playwright Carol Ann Duffy was born on 23 December 1955 in Glasgow and read philosophy at Liverpool University. She is a former editor of the poetry magazine Ambit and is a regular reviewer and broadcaster.
“I was never a beautiful women, and for that reason I’ve spent most of my life suffering from the shame of falling short of an unattainable standard” (87). Mairs starts off by telling us she was never a beautiful woman. By describing herself as this, it acts as an attention getter so the readers can become more interested in the reading. By putting emphasis on the topic of society 's standards for woman allows Mairs to go into greater depth with the topic, allowing readers to gain more knowledge and understanding of what the standards are like for a woman. A sullen tone is maintained throughout this chapter as Mairs describes the society 's standards for women leaving the readers a choice on how they feel about these standards.
The saying that love is blind, is one that is very wrong. Love is not blind, it is merely a faint line that many individuals chose not to see. During Shakespeare’s time, the societal norms that cultivated women were very precise. Women were held to high standards to both look and act in specific ways, but did society ever take it too far? Many poets during Shakespeare’s time wrote traditional blazon sonnets, ones that compared women to the most wondrous things life has to offer; gems, jewels, plants, and stars.
Even in sorrow, her nature poems glow with a touch of her suffering. Sarojini Naidu was a distinguished poet, renowned freedom fighter and one of the great orators of her time. She was famously known as Bharatiya Kokila (The Nightingale of India). Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the governor of a state in India. Sarojini
CONFESSIONAL ELEMENT IN KAMALA DAS’S POETRY Dr. Dibyajyoti Likharu Assistant Professor, Deptt. of English Howraghat College, Karbi- Anglong, Assam Email: email@example.com ABSTRACT: Kamala Das is one of prominent literary figure in Indian writing in English. Her poetic output is contained in four volumes of poems which include “Summer in Calcutta”, “The Descendants”, “The Old Playhouse and Other Poems” and “Stranger Time”. Problems of women are the central theme in most of her poems. Kamala Das’s poetry mainly deals with love, its betrayal and the consequent anguish.
Her writing traces the person struggling against the shackles of biased norms imposed upon her by society. She traces the extremely traditional upbringing that the female members of her generation were subjected. She shows how different individuals responded to these strictures in different ways. Some would protest un- questioningly, some would obey simply because they would not dare to protest, while some would break free and find their own place in the outside world. She has focus on the revival of a reformed traditional womanhood that would accommodate women’s need for self-expression.
Longing for and a strident feeling of dissatisfaction and disillusionment, hardship and detachment. She is one of the few significant voices in advanced Indian verse in English. Her adoration sonnets merit an exceptional notice. They are distinctively her own, checked by a reasonable ladylike genuine and a feeling of direness. In spite of the fact that she utilizes the English dialect as a part of her verse and fiction, she is commonly Indian in her decision of subjects, character, feeling and foundation.
The rebellious spirit in her was also prevalent from a tender age when she had fallen in love with Dr. Naidu whom she would ultimately marry denying the boundaries of class and caste that existed during that time. Keeping this biographical information in mind, it will not be wrong to claim that Sarojini Naidu was a woman who did not conform to the narrow ideals of domesticity often associated with women. It is unfortunate, as far as concerned that we do not properly assess Naidu as a feminist poet who, in her own way, foregrounded the manifold issues that deprive women. As mentioned earlier, it would also have to be kept in mind that Sarojini Naidu had received some privileged education. She had come in close contact with some of the most prominent intellectuals of her time such as Arthur Symons, Edmund Gosse, and a few members of the famous Rhymers’ club.