The famous civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr. once said: “We must accept finite disappointment, but never lose infinite hope.” Set in rural India at the dawning of a new age, Kamala Markandaya’s Nectar in a sieve tells the story of young woman Rukmani and her life with her husband Nathan, a tenant farmer whom she marries as a child bride. Throughout the book, Rukmani and her family face countless hardships and sufferings; however, she manages to keep hope and persistently battle for a better future. Markandaya thoroughly displays hope by using character Rukmani through her infertility experience, deaths of her sons, and unexpected encounter with Puli. First, the author portrays the theme of hope when Rukmani fails to bear many kids despite her continuous effort. At the beginning of her marriage, she bears a beautiful, fair daughter, Irawaddy; but for the next seven years, she faces the barrenness that is devastating in a society that depends upon the sons for their ability to work and care for their families.
Markandaya Kamala, the author of the book Nectar in a Sieve, is an Indian woman that expresses the struggles of colonial India in her book. Kamala's tone and diction described the pain the characters endured. The protagonist, Rukmani, endured her pain with her understanding and kind husband. Rukmani fought her own type of battles with hope and continued fighting. With Rukmani's hope came the fear of losing her children, not being able to survive and not having a roof over her family's head.
In Kamala Markandaya’s novel, Nectar in a Sieve, the woman of great courage, Rukmani, is forced onto the commencement of a fast changing India caused by an increase in economic activity, urbanization and centralization of power. Rukmani resists and then is forced to conform to changes in her environment. Unlike those around her who threw their past away with both hands that they “might be the readier to grasp the present,” Rukmani “stood by in pain, envying such easy reconciliation” (Markandaya 29). Markandaya writes about Rukmani’s attempt to recover the aspects of her rural life that she cares most about, revealing her adoration for a traditional rural life and her belief that all women enjoy amicable, personal relationships with their outer surroundings. The author conveys her ideals that traditional/conservative Indian women who challenge the change of their village will keep order within the chaos developing throughout their social environment, precluding Rukmani from falling under the category of the stereotypical passive peasant woman.
“‘Why do you not demand--cry out--do something?’” (43) In contemporary Western society, giving up or “crying out” is common. However, in Kamala Markandaya’s Nectar in a Sieve, as the book’s epigraph implies, notwithstanding all the adversity and loss she faces, Rukmani has a perseverance that stems from the hope of the culture she lives in. Rukmani still attempts to fix the damage that the monsoon has done to their crops and house, though it might seem futile. In spite of the poverty the drought brings them, and the holdups Kunthi brings, they are unrelenting in their fight to stay alive. Even in the book’s ending, she has hope for her children.
(para 23-27) This evidence proves that if Nag didn’t have Nagaina as a wife, the inhabitants of the garden would be in a neutral state with Nag. This proves that because Rikki was brave enough to speak with Nag, the supposed son of Brahm, then Rikki Tikki must love the creatures of the garden as same as to die for them. So basically, the fact that the animals can speak english, gives away its nonfiction theory, but a story about an animal wouldn’t be good without
He depicts a culture in Afghanistan where wives were seen as mere possessions, so their husbands found fault with them for the inconveniences they experienced. Hosseini demonstrates the mistreatment of women in Afghanistan through the multiple examples he provides where men laid blame with women for circumstances beyond the women’s control or for which were not solely to blame for, just as Nana had warned Mariam that they were prone to do. The first instance in which Nana’s statement rings true is when Nana found out for herself how easily women in Afghanistan could be held completely accountable for things that were not solely their responsibility. After Nana’s affair with Jalil, Jalil refused to accept the blame for getting Nana pregnant, due to his high position as a wealthy man in society. Under pressure from his wives
They formed a friendship in which both admired the other women and her strength. While Mhudi was looking for her people, Umnandi was running away from hers. Mhudi was the sole wife of a kind hearted man, but Umnandi was only one of the wives of a king that was renowned for being terrible. This friendship is an interesting one taking into consideration that they come from such different backgrounds. Umnandi is the wife of the man who ordered the death of Mhudi’s family and people, and those of her husbands as well.
Her stories are mainly on familial relationships in which she has taken the relationship like husband wife, father daughter. She does not think an idea or a message before writing. The stories address perplexities in the lives of Indians or Indian immigrants, with themes such as marital discord, extra marital affairs and communication gap. Nigamananda Das writes quoting Jhumpa Lahiri
Furthermore, Feminist Criticism provides a better view of literature because it shows that women can be powerful. When Emilia finds out that her husband has been plotting an evil plan she says,” Tis proper I obey him, but not now”(Othello V.2.195). Emilia refuses to help her husband after she finds the cruel intentions he has despite the expectation of women always being submissive to their husbands. Women also have a voice and feelings, they are capable of defying their husbands commands when they know what he expects is simply wrong. In a literary article,The Role of Women in Othello: A Feminist Reading states that,” Society weighs heavily on the shoulders of women; they feel that they must support the men and defer to them, even if the actions of the men are questionable” (Literary Articles).