Discoveries can be fresh, meaningful and extremely influential in the emotional, intellectual, physical and spiritual realms. This compels individuals to introspect, whilst formulate anew their perceptions and values towards the world, leading to an altering of individuals understandings on themselves and others. Discoveries can be influenced by one’s personal, cultural and historical context, leading to a challenging of previously formulated perspectives. Additionally, the experience of a discovery, whether it be positive or negative, can be intensely meaningful and paramount for an individual. Furthermore, discoveries can be triggered by the uncovering of fresh and unique information that challenges one’s predilections.
The heroes, leaders, doctors, writers, teachers, inventors and everyone virtuous in our world exist with an ego allowing for their creation and achievement. Yet, those who are vain and take pride in themselves are shunned in modern day society. To be fully humble and willing to serve others at the drop of a dime is nearly impossible, nor desirable. So why does society have the tendency to teach selfless behaviours, when everything good on earth has come out of pride? Thomas Edison created the light bulb with dignity, knowing his invention would better mankind, exactly as Equality from Anthem did.
I argue that living spontaneously is not pessimistic. In Mencian view on moral cultivation, it is optimistic that human nature is good, and everyone can be as virtuous as sages. Mencius 6A/7 states that we are the same kind as sages, the only difference is that the sages have already got what the heart is approved of. Mencius 6A/6 and 7A/3 also states that we can get it (morality) if we seek it. Mencius 7A/3 and 7B/24 explicitly argue that morality is natural to us, hence we should treat it as fate, which we cannot control.
People consider Emerson the “father of Transcendentalism”. He believed that man would thrive if he trusted himself. Man was inherently good and could do no wrong. In Emerson’s “Nature”, a work about Emerson’s view on nature, he writes: “We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy” (Emerson Par 2). Man did not need to rely on society, or entangle himself in the patterns of the world; man’s intuition would be enough for his success.
By that he meant that the success of an artistic project depends on the stylistic qualities of the author, and not on the work itself. Based on the specific argument, Truffaut stated in a provocative way that “there are no good and bad movies, only good and bad directors”. Thus, Truffaut praised the remarkable visual style that is reflected in the director’s body of work (the film) through a consistency of themes. He also believed that even if a film is produced collectively, the director’s artistry outshines any further interference from the film
Glaucon further acknowledges an additional set of goods which people “love for their own sake, and also for the sake of their consequences” (36), such as peace or intellect. Despite Socrates’ acceptance of these points, the two remain at war over how these points holistically apply to justice. Is it being just only consequentially valuable, or does it carry any instrumental benefit on its own sake? To further his argument, Glaucon performs a thought experiment – the Ring of Gygesthat – in attempt to discover the underlying motivation for acting justly. Glaucon describes a situation in which both a perfectly just person and a perfectly unjust person possess a ring that could make them invisible, thereby allowing them to act without fear of consequences (38).
"I couldn 't take offense at that. The fertile spirit of stray connection this appropriated object conveyed back to be, was a reward." (Lethem 219). Lethem was pleased to see this new art, not only because it meant that other artists valued his work, but because in it he could see the same connection to the inspiration he had drawn upon, the "fertile spirit". When artwork is taken and reworked into something new, it is stripped of the only qualities that the previous artist can lay claim to.
The story’s ability to create a magically realist atmosphere where dreams become reality is what gives it its charm. Thus, The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World suggests that perception of perfection, a dream or an ambition creates a clear path for one to transform and reach their own notion of perfection. Marquez manages to demonstrate this statement by showing the characters a deity-like idol, by demonstrating that its surreality is tenable and by leading the villagers to reach the same level as the idol. Firstly, as they find his body, the villagers have reason to assume that Esteban is an image of perfection, dreamlike and seemingly more than human. This is perfectly demonstrated when the narrator describes his body, his effect on the environment and his effect on the people of the village.
Just and unjust laws are created to “better the world” when in reality some people are hurt in the process, which is why individuals agree with Dr. King’s assertions. The significance of just laws is that they are fair to everyone and people based on their gender, race, ethnicity or color are not discriminated. The text states, “A just law is a man-made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God”(King, paragraph sixteen). What this quote is trying to say is that if a law creates peace and equality, then it means that it is just. A law is considered fair if it applies to everyone no matter their skin color or gender.
However in some cases pure perfection is not good enough. To some perfection must be made, bypassing the laws of nature, and to those beauty is ultimately lost. Beauty is a fluid idea, it is easily manipulated and easily agreed on by the masses. Through these two works the fluidity of beauty is further explored by how the protagonists attempt to redefine it. In “The Artist of the Beautiful” and “The Birthmark” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the characters Owen and Aylmer are similar in their pursuit of producing perfection