An attempt to propose a universal moral law is invariably a denial of the fullest expression of man’s elementary vital energies. As a consequence he condemned Christianity and Judaism as worse offenders because they are both contrary to man’s basic nature and thus produced what he called botched and bungled lives and debilitates man. Hence he proposes a morality that is not based on God, but allows man to realise himself and be free of any religious caprices. He therefore proposes twofold idea of good and evil, and that is, the master morality and the slave morality. 3.3.1 Master Morality (Herren-Moral): The master morality for Nietzsche is a representation of the ascending line in man’s development, in which man seeks the attainment of the
Polus is saying that Socrates continues explaining that doing injustice “happens to be the greatest of evils” (469b5). Polus brings power into the conversion because power is something he desires and comprehends. Socrates then portrays a scene of brutal murder that is clearly wrong to illustrate that “having great power is not this: to do what seems good to oneself” (469e7). Finally, Socrates ends this section by claiming “that when someone does those things justly, it is better, but when unjustly worse” (470c). Throughout this section, Socrates makes small individual points that build together to form his main claim that it is better to suffer injustice than commit injustice acts.
Nietzsche believed that philosophy should be about jumping from one extreme to another extreme and that it should make you angry and ask questions. He identified true morality as there being a right and a wrong, and the right and wrong actions are what allow you to succeed in life. Morality as an anti-nature is people telling you what you shouldn't
He points out at the atheistic contention of Christian philosophy by referring to Nietzsche’s notion of Christian message as the lowest point of human progress because it encourages concepts such as humility, morality and repentance on which a powerful human civilization cannot be built. Nietzsche’s conception of Superman based on his antitheistic principles became a destroyer instead of a saviour, he influenced dictators like Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini. Ravi also discusses how the moral vacuum lead to the horrific holocaust at one point and the culture it gave birth to. The mindless drift towards lawlessness and the chaotic collision of autonomies in the present world are said to be the result of the Nietzschean dogma by the
The Concept of God in the Philosophy of Nietzsche Introduction Nietzsche is well known as the proclaimer of the death of God. Yet there are passages in a number of his writings in which the concept of God is treated very differently. In these he does not use the word ‘God’ as label for the belief of traditional religion, but instead uses it as a symbolic key for some of his own most profound philosophical thoughts. I shall argue here that one of its uses is a symbol for the highest form of the will to power. I will attempt to show that analysis of this concept of God reveals Nietzsche’s conception of the highest will to power to be quite different from the familiar interpretation of this theme.
Copleston in one of his books, A History of Philosophy opines that, it is really difficult for one to totally reject all the old values or binding force of what is customarily called morality. This is because, one who attempts this, may degenerate himself as to destroy himself morally, since the traditional morality has put into cognizance, the values that enhance the dignity of the human person, morally and likewise. Then it becomes questionable, as to why Nietzsche calls the old morality the slave morality, even when he retains some of the values in his master morality. Nietzsche’s outright condemnation and rejection of conventional morality in favour of subjective morality, is for me not a true response to the reality of the human society. Owing to the fact that man lives in the society presupposes or demands
The Enlightenment: Hobbes vs. Locke Two famous philosophers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, have contributed to modern political science by expressing their views on human nature and the general laws that man had to follow. Both of their views differed in terms of how man should live his life. These views will be shown by comparing both philosophers’ opinions on the nature of man, and the various laws that constituted. Man was naturally evil, selfish, and living in a state of war, according to Hobbes. He believed that “humans were created “bad” by their creator”, and were “condemned to live in a world where bad things happen” (The Enlightenment, 1650-1789, p. 6).
Bernard Williams’ essay, A Critique of Utilitarianism, launches a rather scathing criticism of J. J. C. Smart’s, An Outline of a System of Utilitarian ethics. Even though Williams claims his essay is not a direct response to Smart’s paper, the manner in which he constantly refers to Smart’s work indicates that Smart’s version of Utilitarianism, referred to as act-Utilitarianism, is the main focus of Williams’ critique. Smart illustrates the distinction between act-Utilitarianism and rule-Utilitarianism early on in his work. He says that act-Utilitarianism is the idea that the rightness of an action depends on the total goodness of an action’s consequences. Smart also discusses how act-Utilitarianism is often associated with hedonism, and that
One example of when he uses the ethos idea (related to ethics or morals) is when he says “O masters, if I were disposed to stir Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage, I should do Brutus wrong”. Though a use of reverse psychology, this is in a sense telling the crowd to do the opposite of what he is saying and actually stir all the trouble he had just said he doesn 't mean to raise. However, the main idea of the text is that it is not morally right for him to do Brutus wrong and cause all the trouble that he does in turn cause. Next, Antony uses the idea of logos (related to logic or reasoning). He does this by asking questions like “Will you be patient?