FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher, essayist, and cultural critic. Before he started to been philosophize, he started his vocation as a classical philologist. Friedrich Nietzsche was born on 15 October 1844 and passed away on 25 August 1990 at age 55. Nietzsche 's body of work is related extensively on art, philology, history, religion, tragedy, culture and also science. The term of his writing is about philosophical polemics, cultural critism and poetry.
At the same time Huxley reprimands Karl Marx with the characterization of Karl Marx and other characters. There are multiple parallels between Karl Marx and the characters in Brave New World. The first happened with the New Theory of Biology (177). A promising scientist was exiled to an island for being too radical and questioning the accepted normality. Marx was exiled from Prussia, France, and Belgium for challenging the political and economic structures of the countries.
In the 19th century a German Jew named Karl Marx outlined a new economic theory with political overtones. He put his ideas down in a book called “Das Kapital”. His ideas were revolutionary and at once raised the hackles of the capitalistic world. Fervor swept across the world and Europe in particular and this led to the famous October revolution of 1917, which brought the Bolsheviks to power in Russia. Times have now changed and so called Soviet state collapsed.
The term was coined by John Stuart Mill who is English philosopher and economist in 1868. But if dystopia is taken as a genre of fiction, it only took off in the 20th century. The dystopian writings became rampant in the years after World War II. Dystopian literature is a division of the larger category of anti-utopian literature which satirizes utopian thinking in general. Dystopian fictions always propose some kind of warning which is often implied of what will happen if the present trends are continued.
I. Sorel 's Radical Project Sorel was one of the most prominent figures of the French early 20th century Marxism, but he was radically opposed to the tradition of parliamentary socialism. Indeed, this disdain for parliamentarism is what he and Benjamin definitely share. In his most remarkable work, Reflections on Violence, Sorel fiercely attacks such figures as Jean Jaurès and other members of the French parliament. He views parliamentary socialism as a clear betrayal of the genuine Marxist principles, that is, of the commitment to the task of overthrowing capitalist state and economical system, instead of reforming it. Sorel 's Reflections on Violence is not a mere intellectual endeavor; rather, it is a revolutionary guideline.
Another paradox is the fact that, even though he fought on the communists’ side during the Spanish Civil War, he wrote “Animal Farm” and “1984”, which can be regarded as a lucid analysis again the communist tyranny, knowing the year when it was written (1948), or as a premonition about what would mean the communist dictatorship in the countries that would be behind the Iron Curtain. Orwell was a socialist, and a lucid man, a contradiction that can be explained by psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis was developed by Sigmund Freud at the beginning of the 20th century as a general theory of the unconscious. Psychoanalysis and psychoanalytical psychotherapy are for those who feel caught in mental problems that block, on the one hand, the
Comparison of Marx and Weber for their approach about state and society: Max Weber is one of the philosophers able to explain economic systems such as capitalism. He was born in Germany in 1864 at that time there were a dramatic change in Germany in terms of industrial so there were a transitional German period and that influenced by those changes happened. Max Weber has a specific ideology about state and society. In constant, Karl Marx was a sociologist who were born in Germany in 1818, his idea and ideology about state and society are revolutionary. In addition, he was influenced by Communist party and he worked as a journalist he wrote a number of books and articles about capitalism, state, and society.
WRITTEN TASK 1 Candidate Name: Selin Yalçın Primary Source(s): • Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell • The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Rationale In class we studied George Orwell and his opposition to totalitarianism and commitment to democratic socialism. We looked at how George Orwell created dystopias in order to create awareness of social injustice and how his work continues to influence popular and political culture. Specifically, I looked at Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) and studied the persuasive language of the party leader, Big Brother. During my studies, I realized there were similarities between 1984 and the Communist Manifesto especially in the means of political propaganda and use of polyphony. After
Capitalism has also been credited with exploiting and oppressing humanity, spreading inequality, starting wars, and propelling the wholesale destruction of the global environment. In order for you to weigh in on this debate you need to understand some basics about The Scottish economist, Adam Smith, developed an influential theory of capitalism. He published his most famous book, The Wealth of Nations, in 1776, at the time of the American Revolution. Smith
Authors who used this tactic were Frederick Douglass in The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass and Mark Twain in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. They wrote these novels during the reconstruction period about the pre civil war era, and used them to get their opinions on the time period across. While some may say that Twain and Douglass used irony for many purposes , they mainly used it to expose the downfalls of society by critiquing hypocrisy, conformity, and the cruelty of slavery. While some may say that Twain and Douglass used irony for a humoristic purpose, they actually did it to expose the downfalls of society because of how they critiqued hypocrisy. In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck had his epiphany and decided that he did not want to be a part of the scheme and ruin three innocent lives, he went to the rooms of the King and the Duke.