Marxism Marxism is a theory created by Karl Marx’s followers. Although Marx expressed that he did not consider him as a Marxist, and that his followers took advantage of his radical newspaper columns for their own purposes and twisted his words, however Marxism became very popular during the 19th century. Marxism consists mostly of Marx’s theory called class theory or class structure. Most of Marx’s theory includes works from other well-known social scientists like E.P Thompson and Mario Tronti, who in some way were the inspiration for Marx to write his books about sociological thinking. Marxism has a style that is unique.
‘Focusing on capitalism and wage workers’ “estranged labour,” Marx broke with Hegels “ abstract” emphasis on consciousness and equation of objectification with alienation(Ritzer 2000:96) In the profound theory of alienation Marx continued to answer questions of the development of capitalism. He found that workers in a capitalist society do not possess the raw materials machines or factories in which they work with, but are owned by the capitalists in which the labours have to sell their ability to work in return of a wage. This arrangement of work shows four relations that lie at the centre of Marx 's theory of alienation 1, the worker is cut off or alienated from their productivity and not having any say in deciding what to do or actions to approach the productive activity that is given by the capitalist whom sets the conditions and speed that the labourer should be completing and having complete control the decision if the worker can work or not. Marx saw this as the ‘unequal relation between persons.’ (Ritzer 2000:101) 2, workers are alienated from the product meaning they have no control to how the product is being handled once it has left their station the labour is not free or enjoyable. ‘Marx saw all social life as bearing the imprints of material conditions’ (Ritzer 2002:107) 3, workers are alienated from others and their natural environment.
Karl Marx famously states, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." This chapter points out the bourgeois’ position through private ownership of land, exploiting the proletariat. We often see throughout our earlier history the oppressor and oppressed against each other and in some instances it is seen more than others. Marx first describes the proletariat and bourgeois history. As the bourgeoisie developed in society the proletariat did too.
When the modern capitalist society has emerged, capitalism has massively impacted on many social aspects. The system had led to the dissolution and to an end of the Feudal system during the Middle Ages. There are many political thoughts, which consisted of significant frameworks for reforming and making some new changes to the society. This essay will mainly focus on two main political ideologies and identify the differences between these two houses, which are Marx and Mussolini. First, the German thinker, Marx, and a letter called “ Manifesto of the Communist Party”, bring about the concept of communism that was being used in many areas back in the olden days.
With respect to this, social class is perceived in the sociology as the combination of economic and political characteristics that identify the belonging of a person to a definite group. The most common approach to the differentiation of classes is the stratification “according to their relations to production and acquisition of goods” (Textbook, p. 193). This idea was suggested by Karl Marx and offered the basis for his division of the society into the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. However, Max Weber pointed out the weakness of Marx's theory referring to its foundation on economic indicators only and offering a wider perspective including the introduction of status groups that are stratified “according to principles of their consumption of goods as represented by special 'styles of life'” (Textbook, p. 193). This idea adds to a more profound understanding of the complexity of class division and envisions also the inclusion of the political dimension in the processes of class
The theory is known as the conflict theory or the Marxist theory or Marxism, which is more concerned about the class struggle within the society, and how capitalism is not healthy for any society. Therefore, within the context of this essay, a close analysis on Karl Marx’s concept of capitalism will be conducted, specifically in relation to two of the main social problems. The main focus will be on how capitalism have an impact on the persistence of inequality and poverty within different societies, whether in a positive or negative manner. Bearing that in mind, most aspects of Marx’s concept of capitalism will be weighed in regards to the impact of the concept on the two issues, namely; inequality and poverty. A thorough analysis and evaluation will be carried out throughout this essay.
Generally class struggle means conflict between the upper class and lower class the idea of Class struggle is long-used mostly by socialists and communists, who define a class by its relationship to the means of production such as factories, land, and machinery. From this point of view, the social control of production and labour is a fight between classes, and the division of these resources basically involves conflict and causes damage. Societies are socially divided based on status, wealth, or control of social production and distribution, and in this division of class conflict arises. It is important to know Karl Marx theory on class struggle; he viewed the structure of society in relation to its major classes, and the struggle between them. His aims were to revolutionize the concept of work through creating a classless society built on control and ownership of the means of production.
Marxism is a socio-political ideology proposed by Karl Marx main ideology of Marxism is that the wealth has to be equally divided among the society for that Co-operative company instead of corporate company 's can be accepted that means the wealth collected or gained by the company is not targeted towards the owner of the company instead it is divided equally among all the co-operative. Marx explains history in terms of class struggles. Basically 'the haves and 'have not’s '. For Marx this class struggle is a natural process. Conflicts are usually resolved in the long run even if these conflict results in violence.
The third section addresses the flaws in other, previous socialist literature. The final section discusses the relationship between the Communists and other parties. Section 1: Bourgeois and Proletarians The Manifesto begins by addressing the issue of class antagonism. Marx writes, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." Throughout history we see the oppressor and oppressed in constant opposition to each other.
By ignoring the lower class or the powerless, those that influence important political decisions ignore those who make up a great majority of the population. The article mentions the use of the Brechtian or Schweikian forms of resistance as “Integral parts of the small arsenal of relatively powerless groups.” (Scott, Resistance 34). This form of resistance includes acts including false compliance, foot-dragging, smuggling, poaching and so on. Techniques such as these, are the ordinary means of class struggle. The term class struggle refers to the ideology of Karl Marx, which stated that there would be conflicts of interest between the working class and the ruling class in a capitalist society.