Fascism borrowed theory from socialism, but focused on interracial and international conflict as opposed to class conflict . Fear of socialism among the property owning class was a common theme across Europe at this time, and in Italy and Germany fascist movements gained the support of the industrialist elite. It was this fear that manifested an anti-left ideology, and from much before the advent of the post-war fasci, Italy had been dealing with a dissatisfied land owning gentry. The environment, therefore, was there for an anti socialist ideology that would seek any means necessary to avoid socialism. In the years following the war, and with the Bolshevik Revolution having taken place in Russia, fear of socialism exacerbated and galvanised the emergence of Fascism under Mussolini.
A main assumption of the conflict perspective is that human beings are inherently selfish and uncooperative. Additionally, Marxism creates the ability to predict the general course of development within the economy and society the theory demonstrates the superiority of foresight over astonishment. Another strength identified with Marxism is that it explains why there is such an uneven distribution of power and wealth between social classes (bourgeoisie & proletariat). Another one of the major strengths of Marxism as Marx believed, there should be equality of the law and societal services, where everyone has an equal stance and opportunity with no dominance. This means that every person would be able to get access to the most important things he needs regardless of whatever he does, wherever he lives or how much he makes to provide a better living for those depending on him.
Totalitarianism is a one of the most brutal form of political tyranny and is based on the assumption that there is a single and exclusive truth in politics. The main aim of totalitarian regime can be considered as elimination of freedom and individuality, establishing a centralized system that controls public and private lives of its citizens. The economic depression in 20th century after World War One led to the rise of different totalitarian systems in various places. The transformation of Russian Empire from a rural country to a Socialist dictatorship, the imperial ambitions of Germany under Hitler’s leadership and thus declaration of one party state- National Socialism, Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution which transformed face of China were
Fascism and communism are both types of totalitarian style governments that had a great influence on the 20th century. Communism involved the emphasis on the common good by seizing private property and distributing it among the masses in order to create state-owned property, whereas fascism involved the complete rule of a dictator by forcibly suppressing the opposition with an emphasis on nationalism and sometimes racism. The most popular example of communism was the Soviet Union, but many smaller countries possessed the Soviet Union’s communist influence. The two most popular examples of fascist style governments include Hitler’s Nazism in Germany, which had an emphasis on racism, and Mussolini’s fascist state in Italy. Although many countries pursued communist style governments, fascism had a greater impact and
Sinclair’s purpose for the novel becomes evident towards the end of the book. It is clear that the author’s blatant attack of capitalism is a means to persuade readers of the socialist alternative. Socialism is introduced as capitalism’s counterpart; where capitalism is evil and destructive, socialism is good and beneficial.
Socialism and communism were the two highlights of the Karl Marx’s work on which we can draw the parallel to the George Orwell’s famous novel “Animal Farm”. Socialism, as I see it, is mainly people power or redistribution of wealth amongst them. Communism is where the government controls all the businesses or industry and really resembles fascism more than socialism. Orwell was committed socialist who sought to give an idea of a more egalitarian and fairer society which Marx also wanted to highlight in his writings.
Communism then took root in Germany: “Plagued by communist uprisings... Germany’s moderate socialists and their liberal and Catholic supporters faced an enormous challenge.” In other words, the Treaty of Versailles that was signed by the moderate socialist republic made the case for communists that a more radical socialism, (communism), was necessary for Germany to become a more prosperous and egalitarian country for
The Grinch Who Stole Christmas is a poem by Theodor Geisel otherwise known as Dr. Seuss. This children story, would best be criticized by the Marxism Theory. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels are German philosophers also referred to as the founders of Marxism; the main principles of Marxism is the social and economical equality. Due to the industrial revolution and spreading of capitalism their theories and ideas were made to achieve a society in which the class structure would be put to an end and all people were considered equal. Their beliefs and ideas also reveal that there will always be conflict with the upper, middle and lower classes and which may be reflected in literature and other forms of expression.
Nationalist societies follow the same basic patterns in leading up to their execution of ethnic cleansing. First, the majority in power depicts some minority as an enemy, allowing for their relegation from society to the point where genocide is justified to the public. By removing the minority and all possible opposition with it, the group in power is then able to further its agenda more easily and gain more control over the population. Although the changes that lead to genocide are sometimes more slow or subtle, unchecked nationalism inevitably results in violence if nationalist sentiments are allowed to grow for long periods of time. Unlike patriotism, nationalism relies on forming a specific national identity which can never encompass all members of a society.
As the country undergoes capitalism, class division is inevitable, leading to the takeover of semifeudal and monarchy over the feudal class. It ends the “feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations”. Moreover, the bourgeoisie development also distorts the holy religious aspect to a selfish individual calculation, which is all about making benefits for oneself. Even the tight family relationship is also degraded to a mere “money relation”. Everything is for the purpose of monetary benefit of society and individuals.
Rhetorical Analysis of Communism: A History By Richard Pipes Communism was originally a social theory of a completely unified and harmonious society (3). Private property and class inequality was said to be the root of all evil, so by removing those from society, a government could encourage peace on a national, and later a global scale. Richard Pipes examines the roots of Communism in his book, Communism: A History, and then proceeds to methodically express the failure and decay that comes with it. Pipes argues that Communism is corrupt by appealing to his scholarly audience through a cause-and-effect logos appeal, an ethos appeal that plays on the audience’s appreciation of professionalism, and a pathos appeal built on a foundation of statistical deaths.
Communism was an economic-political philosophy founded by Karl Marx and Fredrich Engels. These men both had similar principle which lead to their book named " The Communist Manifesto ". They both desired to end capitalism feeling that it was the social class system that led to exploitation of workers. This led to many conflicts between capitalism and communism as economic systems. Communism posed a domestic threat to America because communism resulted in Red Scare, Era of McCarthyism, and Cold War.