Karl Marx And Max Weber

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“The reason we have classes is due to a group sharing a common interest and economic position” (McIntosh, 1997:133). Class is determined on possession of wealth; together with the occupation are the principal bases for class difference. The main classes in Western societies are the upper class who was the wealthy, employers and factory owner, the middle class who were white collar workers and professionals and the lower class who were the ones in the blue-collar or manual jobs. In the developed countries there was also a fourth class, the peasants who were occupied in traditional types of agricultural production. The most well-known and important theories of class are those developed by Karl Marx and Max Weber. Marx and Weber contributed to sociology in many different ways. A significant element is their diverse approach to social class. Marx put great importance on class, which he observed as an impartially given trait of the economic structure of society. He sees the primary split between the owners of capital and the workers who did not own capital. Weber view was alike but differentiated two other characteristics of class, status and party. Status refers to the ‘Social Honour’ given to individuals or groups; party refers to the active mobilizing of groups to secure definite ends (Giddens, 1997:280). A person’s class position is achieved in some part and is not given to them at birth; it is the moving upwards and downwards in class structure in a person working life and
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