Marx’s ideas on this exploitation refers to a feudalistic driven society, where the performance of labour is over and above what is needed to produce goods consumed by the labourer. An example to sustain his theory is of when the exploiter ends up with a surplus. The proletariat or working class is therefore not paid the full value of what she or he produces, the rest is the surplus value which is the capitalist’s profits, and according to Marx known as the ‘unpaid labour of the working class’. The bourgeoisie force down wages of the proletariat to increase their own profits and this creates a more direct conflict between the classes and gives rise to the development of class consciousness in the working class. The working class, through trade unions and other struggles becomes conscious of itself as an exploited class.
In other words, the capitalists benefit most from this system. The result of this was often alienated labor, which is one of Marx and Engels’ main critiques of capitalism. Marx explains, “It has drowned the most heavenly ecstasies of religious fervour, of chivalrous enthusiasm, of philistine
Karl Mar was an interesting socialist whose ideas were not generally supported by some countries. He focused on alienation, species being, and the social impact of our system of food distribution and consumption. He wanted his audience/followers to understand how alienation was and is related to the organization of labor and systems of exchange under capitalism. Marx thought of alienation as being “inherent in capitalism, because the process of production and the results of our labor confront us as a dominating power“ (p. 47).
Each dictator in history is known for something different. Trujillo’s character in In the Time of the Butterflies is known as being the “devil” and making people miserable (Alvarez 24). Marxist Criticism is based on the economic and cultural theory of Karl Marx, who is considered the founder of communism (Davidson). Marxist Criticism can be applied to In the Time of the Butterflies through the way Trujillo’s character maintains his power. Trujillo maintains his power by degrading citizens and instilling fear inside the members underneath his dictatorship.
However, some of Marx’s statements proved to be false. One of the predictions that Marx made in Communist Manifesto that turned out to be false was his statements about the industrial revolution. Marx was convinced that the more capitalist countries developed, the more enslaved one of the social classes would become. Marx stated, “Modern industry has converted the little workshop of the patriarchal master into the great factory of the industrial capitalist… Not only are they slaves of the bourgeois class, and of the bourgeois state; they are daily and hourly enslaved by the machine.” At the time it seemed like Marx made a good point as many people in capitalist countries worked long hours in factories.
The capitalist or also called the bourgeoisie, exploit their workers by only paying them as much as necessary to scratch a living. The workers are not aware of their invidious position as they take the ideologies, norms and values which the capitalists promotes, for granted. Marx predicted a revolution of the workers. He believed that the proletariat will become aware of its misery and will unite to overthrow the capitalists and capitalism. Out of this revolution, an egalitarian communist society will develop.
The worker becomes an even cheaper commodity the more commodities he creates” (Marx, 2). The second is the estrangement from the activity of production itself. Third is the worker’s alienation from a sense of life purpose, human identity, or what Marx coins, “species-being.” Marx states that the process of transforming physical matter (raw materials) into something of substance is fundamental to a person’s identity. The fourth and final form is the “estrangement of man from man.”
It is argued that social inequality occurs because of the conflict between the upper-class and the working-class, or as Marx defines it, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Based on the Manifesto of the Communist Party (Marx and Engels, 1848), the divergence emerges because the aim of the Bourgeoisie is to obtain a surplus-value that is produced by the work of the Proletariat. On the other side, the Bourgeoisie provides the Proletariat with the minimum required, such as a place to live and a minimum wage, in order to keep the society under control and avoid a rebellion. However, Marx did predict a revolt of the working-class that would eventually lead to a communist regime. When it comes to applying this theoretical approach to reality, it is evident to notice that no global revolt in regards to capitalism has occurred.
I see the radical conflict between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat as a main cause of crime. I think that because the rich and the poop are so disporportet that conflict is just around the corner. Yet, America can’t see that by having a two-party system were one group support the rich businesses and the other support the poor masses, is the cause of riots, vandalism and deviants.