Karl Marxian Conflict Theory

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This chapter considers the theoretical framework, the conceptual framework, review of the empirical literature and a summary of reviews. This research is guided by Karl Marxian conflict theory and Antonio Gramsci Cultural hegemony. The conceptual framework encompasses the grazing activities, the Fulani herdsmen, Fulani herdsmen grazing activities, women’s livelihood and women’s livelihood security. 2.1 Theoretical Framework. Marxian Conflict Theory. For this work, Marxian Conflict theory is found relevant. For renowned proponent of this theory is a Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups (social classes) within the society interact on the basis of conflict rather than consensus. Through various forms of conflict, group will tend to attain different amount of material and non-material resources (eg the wealthy versus the poor) more powerful groups will tend to use their power in order to retain power and exploit groups with less power. Conflict theories view conflict as an engine of change, since conflict produces contradictions which are sometimes resolved creating new conflict and contradiction in an ongoing dialectic. In the classic example of historical materialism, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels argued that all of human history is the result of conflict between classes, which evolved overtime in accordance with changes in society’s mode of production. Conflict can take many forms and involve struggle over many different types of resources

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