Marxian Conflict Theory Analysis

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This chapter considers the theoretical framework, the conceptual framework, review of the empirical literature and a summary of reviews. This research is guided by Karl Marxian conflict theory and Antonio Gramsci Cultural hegemony. The conceptual framework encompasses the grazing activities, the Fulani herdsmen, Fulani herdsmen grazing activities, women’s livelihood and women’s livelihood security.
2.1 Theoretical Framework.
Marxian Conflict Theory.
For this work, Marxian Conflict theory is found relevant. For renowned proponent of this theory is a Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups (social classes) within the society interact on the basis of conflict rather than consensus. Through various forms of conflict,
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In the classic example of historical materialism, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels argued that all of human history is the result of conflict between classes, which evolved overtime in accordance with changes in society’s mode of production.
Conflict can take many forms and involve struggle over many different types of resources including status. However, formal conflict theory had its foundation in the analysis of class conflict and the example of the owner and the tenant can be understood in terms of class conflict. In class conflict, owners are likely to have relative advantaged over non owners.
In a nutshell, the theory posit that stratification holds that inequality is harmful to society because it creates a fixed system of winners and losers. Again, losers who are at the bottom of the social stratification have little opportunity to improve their situation since those at the top tend to have far more political and economic power.
Antonio Gramsci Cultural
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The movement of the nomadic Fulani generally follow a pattern. This is more so because most migrant groups, wherever they are found, have tended generally to remain independent, maintain close family ties and refusing in many case to adapt to the social structure, beliefs and attitude of life of the sedentary group. There are two types of movement in their effort to secure pastures for their animals, whether across local government or state boundaries. These are
1. Split
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