Karl Marx's Theory Of Exploitation

1245 Words5 Pages
This work will look at Marx’s concepts of exploitation and how Marx’s comes to his theory of exploitation. This will include looking at how Marx viewed capitalist society and how this capitalist society was created. This will enable an explanation of exploitation. Karl Marx (1818-1883) is thought of as one of the founding fathers of sociology and his work in the mid nineteen hundreds is still discussed and taught today throughout the world. Marx developed an understanding of the term capitalism, as historic events such as the French Revolution 1789-1799 and the Industrialisation became key to a change in society. For Marx, capitalism refers to commodities for sale that in-turn makes a vast profit above wage-labour and costs. The industrialisation…show more content…
Marx saw that over time, relationships changed. For example, as production changed after the industrial revolution there saw a change in class relations, the serfs and lords were replaced with the proletariat (working class or wage-laborers) and the bourgeoisie (owners or bosses). For Marx exploitation occurs when there is a control group in society and that control group the bourgeoisie control the means of production. Marx believed that each previous stage of human development collapsed due to conflict. Marx is known as a conflict theorist and has a macro approach to how society is shaped, and that society shapes the individual. Marxist ideology believes that social control in the capitalist society is formed by the ruling class. This ruling class sets the values and norms of the…show more content…
Marx sees this exploitation as conflict, a conflict of interest as the proletariat or working-class produce the wealth but only receive a wage. This wage is only a small percentage of the wealth or value they produce. This value according to Marx is the surplus value, this is the value over what the proletariat receives as wages. This surplus value again for Marx is where the exploitation lies as the proletariat will always be exploited. Capitalism makes the working class into a class of exploited workers. Marx believed that the economics behind capitalism is the reason for inequalities in society. Marx discussed in the Communist manifesto 184? the only way the exploitation would end was if the proletariat united to over throw the power group, in this case bourgeoisie to become a class for itself. This would lead to socialism or a communist society however this prediction has not developed
Open Document