Marx is known as a conflict theorist and has a macro approach to how society is shaped, and that society shapes the individual. Marxist ideology believes that social control in the capitalist society is formed by the ruling class. This ruling class sets the values and norms of the
Conflict theory states that tensions and conflicts arise when resources, status, and power are unevenly distributed between groups in society and that these conflicts become the engine for social change. In this context, Marx’s conflict approach was developed in 19th century by Karl Marx (1818-83) .Marx argued wealth and power were unequally distributed in society and sought to explain how one minority group (1% ruling-class) in society maintained its dominance over the majority (working-class). Weber formulated a response to Marx’s theory. Weber saw that conflict didn’t overwhelmingly involve the economy, but that the state and economy together set up conditions for conflict. In this essay I will discuss the views of Conflict Theorists on education and the implications it does when dealing with curriculum and learners.
The individual by pursuing his economic self-interest simultaneously profits the all others’ economic self-interest of that society. Since each individual acts unhampered by government rules in capitalism, it causes the creation of wealth in a very efficient manner which then ultimately causes the rise of the living standard, the increase of the economic opportunities, and the rise of the supply of products. Therefore, when an economy functions with a free-market system everyone has the chance to create wealth for himself and in the same time he simultaneously creates opportunities for everyone else interests. This means that while the rich becomes richer the even poor one becomes richer. Such like, the Capitalism serves everyone for achieving their economic self-interest, including non-capitalists.
Economics and freedom, according to Marx, are intertwined in such a way that they cannot be separated. Freedom is inherently correlated with economics, which is why Marx believes that the structure of capitalist society is unfit for a success. Freedom is determined by creative self-actualization which cannot be achieved in a capitalist society. Capitalism only benefits the elite. The labor of workers becomes a commodity that only profits the owner.
Amongst other notions, such as habitus, field and symbolic violence, Bourdieu developed the theory of capital, which he divided into four forms of capital, cultural, economic, social and symbolic (Wacquant 2007, 268) in order to explain the “realities of social inequality” (Gauntlett 2011). Regarding the notion of cultural capital, which to some extent is based on Karl Marx’s capitalistic approach when describing class struggle, Bourdieu mentions the “scarce symbolic goods, skills and titles” (L. Wacquant 2007, 268) that a part of society possesses. In fact, the elite detains cultural knowledge that they use in order to maintain their status in society, and keep their position above the working-class. Bourdieu also emphasizes how this scheme is reproduced within education, and thereby how social hierarchy not only occurs, but is also conserved (ibid, 262). Indeed, Bourdieu assesses that the educational system replicates the social inequalities that rely within society, which undeniably favors students from upper-class families.
The industrial revolution was an awesome period in history. The entire world was beginning to realize the potential for resources and manufacturing and Britain was in the lead. This revolution truly changed the world, modified society, and uplifted democratic governments across the world. Great Britain and the rest of the world were never truly the same after the greatest revolution in history since the agricultural one, hundreds of thousands of years ago. Revolution is a rapid push for change within government, culture, and society.
Marxism is a socio-political ideology proposed by Karl Marx main ideology of Marxism is that the wealth has to be equally divided among the society for that Co-operative company instead of corporate company 's can be accepted that means the wealth collected or gained by the company is not targeted towards the owner of the company instead it is divided equally among all the co-operative. Marx explains history in terms of class struggles. Basically 'the haves and 'have not’s '. For Marx this class struggle is a natural process. Conflicts are usually resolved in the long run even if these conflict results in violence.
Karl Marx According to Scott(2006) economy is at the centre of Marx’ sociological theories; he considered society to be the result of an economic base and a social superstructure; it is the economic base which determines all other social structures including ideology, politics, and religion retrieved from http://shell.cas.usf.edu/~simon/documents/Economy%20and%20Society.pdf According to Foley (2009), the knowledge people have of social reality in Marx’s view is a human product has no existence outside the activity of living human beings. Knowledge is a cumulative social creation like a human city, and it has so many aspects of its production and reproduction: teaching, maintenance, critical correction, wholesale destruction and replacement, an opening of new territories and so on. Marx in alienation involves separation and breakdown from his work as a producer and from his natural society. Marx thinks to affirm social relations as founded on equality and freedom, so modern capitalist society is destructive of true sociality (Little, 2008). Overview of economics(2003) Marx once believed that once the capitalist (the guy with the money and the organisational skills to build a factory) has set up the means of production, all value is created by the labour involved in producing whatever is being produced.
Take-home Midterm 1) Please assess three models of state in Marxian theory. In Marxian theory, it is based on capitalism, as the economic relations determine social and political life. Marx sees capitalism as mode of production and in an economic level it has relatively and tentatives point of view about state. Marx critised three models of state and its relations with capitalist system and bourgeoisie. These models are the instrumental model, the arbiter model and the functionalist model (Nash 4-6).
ROLE OF INDUSTRIALISATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Industrialisation is the process in which a society or country transforms itself from a major agricultural society into one based on the production of goods and services. It is the process of turning to a socioeconomic order in which industry is superior. Individual human labor is often replaced by mechanized mass production and craftsmen are substituted by assembly lines. Industrialisation plays a crucial role in the economic growth of a developing country. The historical facts reveal that all the developed countries of the world broke the vicious circle of underdevelopment by industrialisation.