Limbale was born as an illegitimate child from a high caste father, a Patil, and lower caste mother, a Mahar. Being born as an illegitimate child, he suffered a lot in his Mahar community. This stigma of ‘Akkarmashi’ gave him intolerable humiliation and disrespect among in his own community and it followed him everywhere as a disgrace on his forehead. In an interview with Shiva Nagaiah Bolleddu he stated the purpose of his autobiography Akkarmashi: The span of my autobiography is my childhood…I want write about my pains and pangs. I want to write about the suffering of my community.
Similarly, in the woman warrior, “no name woman” bore the wrath of the villagers in silence without uttering the name of the man who sired her child. Kingston particularly gets mad about this silence and even attacks the silent sister at the lavatory reminding her that she was not going to be a housewife. Anzadula herself claims that she will no longer be ashamed of her existence and will use her own “serpent tongue” to overcome the traditional silence (81). The two authors show that their culture had defined role for women. Anzaldua claims that hers expected a Mastiza to turn to church as a nun, to streets as prostitute or to home as a mother.
But a large number of women are still in dark as it is seen in Homeless Bird. Women in the novel are deprived of the institution of education. The society is so biased that it appreciates education for men and not for women. Only Koly is not allowed to go to school. Her brothers go to the boys’ school in their village.
Indian society was structured for centuries according to very rigid social classes and boundaries and it gave birth to caste system in India. The rigidity of caste system come in limelight when writer describes about a character Velutha who belongs to Paravans, and works at their pickle factory. In Mammachi’s time paravans, like other Untouchable were not allowed to walk on public roads, not allowed to cover their upper bodies, not allowed to carry umbrellas. They had to put their hand over their mouths when they spoke to divert the polluted breath away from those whom they addressed. (Roy, 1997,
Over here the director shows a massive reality of society that how ruthless nature can be for the poor and penniless people that due to her poor condition and lack of money Gulabo had to become a prostitute in order to earn money somehow. This was the dark reality shown by the film maker at that time which is not found the last few decades’ movies. So coming back, Gullabo felt really impressed by the poetry but her first meeting with Vijay didn’t go well, realizing that she started a search of Vijay in order to apologize of her
The two speeches by Elie and Susan have different topics and subject. In her speech,” on woman’s right to vote”, Susan B. Anthony talks about how people remained silent for centuries while the oligarchies of learning where elites governed non-elites, rich governed the poor and where these elites decided the fate of the nation (Anthony, n.d.) . People were forced to be idle because they were just women or black while the white landowners ran the country. On the other hand,
Soon after her book got published, in 1994, the book was ban in Bangladesh and there was a fatwa placed against Taslima Nasrin because the majority population of Muslims in the country was highly offended by the content of the book. This was the moment when the author got well known outside Bangladesh and India. The book ‘Lajja: Shame’ talks explicitly about how the minorities, the Hindus, in Bangladesh were affected after the massacre of the Babri mosque in 1992. After witnessing brutal sights in her own country, Taslima Nasrin penned down the story for the book in mere seven days a year later and got it published. The story of ‘Lajja’ is about a family of four members who belong to the Hindu religion who were attacked by the Muslims during the demolition of Babri Mosque.
Dalits are the broken-down, depressed, oppressed and backward people. They have been under the suppression and oppression of the upper caste people since centuries. Many Dalit women have written their autobiographies so that other people also know their saga of sorrows. Phoolan Devi also has been an illiterate Dalit woman who could neither read nor write. Her autobiography I, Phoolan Devi: The Autobiography of India’s Bandit Queen is a heart-rendering story of her life.
Eve-teasing is also responsible for the dropping-out of girls from school. Early marriage and dowry system are widely practiced among Bihari community. Lack of educational facilities and security are the impediments for the proper mental development of Bihari children, girls, teenagers and women. Many women firmly believe that the repatriation to Pakistan is totally impractical and they demand the proper rights as the citizens of Bangladesh. A large section of women are engaged in different types of handicraft, embroidery and boutique for maintaining the living cost of their family (RMMRU, 2003).
Kolodam is the first Malayalam novel from Lakshadweep. It is written by lsmath Hussin, a well known writer in Lakshadweep. The work depicts the real life situations and experience of the ancestors, its history and culture. The novel contains the difficulties and gradual development islanders experienced in the island. The novel comprises of 29 short chapters.