The Muslims did not like it first as they considered Urdu their identity. In the earliest decades of the twentieth century, the Hindus gave rise to Urdu-Hindi controversy. It was the time when Muslims of India realized that they should have a country of their own in which they could speak their language and practice their religion. This period ranges from end of eighteenth century until now. This is time of massive transference of English words to Urdu and it has not stopped yet.
The two nation theory played an important role for demanding a separate homeland according to which Hindus and Muslims are the two nations and therefore they cannot live together. Quaid-e-azam once said, “Hindus and Muslims though living in the same towns and villages had never been blended into one nation. They were always two separate entities.” 2. Language: Muslims were disappointed when in April 1900 UP Governor sir Antony Mac Donnell gave Hindi the status of National language with Urdu. That’s why Muslims felt the need to set a
Indonesia has been a land of religious diversity. In the ancient era it has witnessed Hindu-dominated empires and influence of Hinduism was evident there in Srivijaya-kingdom. Gradually Indonesia became a country with majority muslim citizens but it retained its secular pluralistic approach. But politicization of religion and vote-bank centric politics made the religion in Indonesian internal politics a point of maliciousness. But external policies remained predominantly secular.
(Who are the Ahmadi) Soon before his death in 1908, Ahmad suggested the formation of the Anjuman; their words were law. (Valentine 55) But shortly after Ahmad’s death a successor or Caliph was chosen, Noor-ud-Din. Many (though still the minority) of the Ahmadis believe that the Anjuman should be in charge not the Caliph. This led to a separation within Ahmadiyya. The majority was known as the Muslim Ahmadiyya Community (also known as Qadiani Ahmadiyya) and Lahori Ahmadiyya.
Pakistan and India have been to war with each other numerous since they earned their independence from the United Kingdom and their separation into sovereign states (Indo-Pakistan Wars-1947, 1965, 1971, and 1999, worldatlas.com, 2017). The first war in 1947, called the Kashmir War, began over the Muslim-populated but Hindu ruled state of Kashmir, who under the Indian Independence Act of 1947, was allowed to accede to either India or Pakistan. Kashmir’s King, Hari Singh, wished for Kashmir to remain free. This decision caused a violent rebellion from his majority Muslim population, who demanded to join Pakistan. When the violence rose above the King’s ability to control it, he requested help from India and in return he vowed to accede Kashmir to Indian control.
In fact, Aurangzeb was one of the last Mughal emperors and after his rule, India was taken over by Great Britain who took advantage of the turmoil and divisions that existed because of the lack of unity and religious tolerance that had existed under the rule of Akbar. King Akbar shows us that when religious tolerance is practiced, empires flourish and its people remain united, and when it ceases to exist, conflict increases, causing societies to fall into decline and empires to
They also assert the point that India has definite geographical boundaries with Himalayas in the north and east, Indian Ocean in the south, which bestow on India the status of a subcontinent nation. And here the point of imperialists is totally contradicted by the nationalists. Because here we see that whosoever entered india, be it an invader or a preacher, each and everyone found one thing common, that this differentiated, variegated india is but
Administration. These were the times of the Urdu-Hindi discussion everywhere british india due to. Which urdu needed get to be connected with Muslims. Thus, of the parts of the Commission, the. Educating support of urdu might have been restricted for fulfilling the Muslims.
Al-Fazl as the official biographer must have written the account to glorify his emperor and his newly-shaped religion. While Badauni intended to defame Akbar and his unsubstantiated religion to preserve the sanctity of Sunni Islam. Although the two writers ' work doesn 't complement each other 's work but it certainly supplements
Judaism originally was a tribal cult of a single fiercely unpleasant God. During the Roman occupation of Palestine, Christianity was founded by Paul of Tarsus; a less ruthless sect of Judaism and a less exclusive one. Later, in the 7th century, Muhammad and his followers brought back the uncompromising monotheism of the original Judaism and founded Islam with a book called Quran. They introduced a very powerful method of military conquest to spread Islam. It is to be noted that Christianity was spread by the sword as well by the Romans after the Emperor Constantine and then by the Crusaders, and later by the conquistador and other Europeans (that is, invaders, colonists) in the name of missionary accomplishment (Ibid).