Kassandreia In The Early Hellenisia

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The cult paid to the dead or living kings by the cities, in order to win their (or their successors’) concrete favour or to show gratitude after gaining it. There are multiple ways of defining exactly what the term ruler cult meant in Macedonia. One of the methods of this differentiation is between civic and royal ruler cults. A ‘civic ruler cult’ that which is recognised by cities within the rule of a king and is usually voluntary, and ‘royal ruler cult,’ that which is promoted or set up by the king himself. A civic ruler cult was generally found to be practiced by those cities who had a cult set up for a deceased king, as a dead king could not impose his will after his death, though a subsequent king could however honour their predecessors…show more content…
The asylia decree enacted by the city in 243 BCE upon the Asclepius sanctuary in Cos mentioning Archegeteion which means “sanctuary of the founders” most likely refers to Cassander who founded the city and named it after himself. (expand) This would have been reinforced by Cassander who was seeking power in Macedonia and would have welcomed divine honours as support to his claim and power. Also in Kassandreia a few years following its founding paid divine honours to Lysimachos while he was still alive which can be proved by two inscriptions dating from 287 and 281 BCE which mention a “priest of Lysimachos.” Kassandreia is also the only city known to have paid a royal cult to a queen, in years following the foundation of the cult to Lysimachos a festival by the name of Eurydikea was celebrated. This is due to the liberation of the city by Erudike from king Ptolemy Caeranus. One of the first instances of a city giving divine honours to one of the successors of Alexander the Great is that of the city of Skepsis to Antigonos in 311 BCE. The letter is a reply from the city to Antigonos and reads as

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