Nor has there been thorough translation of technical or popular literature into Kazakh. Therefore, for most Kazakhs Russian remains the chief “world language”. (Glenn E. Curtis 1996.) Kazakhstan is an independent country with its own national and cultural heritages, along with its own mother language. Regrettably, this fact is disregarded by millions of those
I cannot stand hearing this word. Though I do not speak literary Kazakh I still reverence the richness of my mother tongue. I still identify myself as native speaker of Kazakh. Likewise I do appreciate my experience of learning Russian, English, German, Turkish, Korean and Polish. Notwithstanding the varied proficiency in aforementioned languages I perceive them as keys to global citizenship.
Kazakhstan’s activities are based on the fundamental principles of public concord and political stability, economic development for the benefit of all, patriotism, and resolving the most important state issues through democratic means which includes direct and indirect suffrage elections. The Republic of Kazakhstan has a presidential form of government. The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan provides for a democratic, secular and presidential system of rule. State governance is divided between executive, legislative and judicial branches. President is a head of
(Rubin) This can be seen from the tradition typical in Kazakh families to learn the “жеті ата”, the names of seven closest ancestors from father’s line: father, grand-father great-grand father and so on. My peer mentioned that he also needed to learn this. The rationale for this tradition lies in Kazakhs’ giving a lot of importance to necessity to avoid incest as people who had intersections in these “жеті ата.” This also shows the highly negative attitude of Kazakh people towards incest and taking serious measures to avoid it (Levi-Strauss). And it fits with the Rivers’ argument about the importance of pedigrees being regulation of marriage to avoid mixtures of the blood line. Kazakh people still use the pedigree for this purpose which has deep roots in the tradition.
1991- Break away from Soviet block 2. The liberalization of economy during 1995-97 by the Kazakh government resulted in a substantial shifting of assets into the private sector, which in turn brought investment into the country, so in fact the breakup of Kazakh from soviet bloc didn’t affect the country much. The abundance of oil and natural resources made Kazakhstan an important exporter in world energy markets. Over the past 2 decades, country’s sole revenue is from oil exports which are not a good sign for an economy. So as not to fully dependent on oil for revenue the Kazakh government has formulated plans to depend upon other industries, agriculture and service sectors.
This meant that a majority of the Russian population had very few rights. Even at the height of absolutism in Europe, Western kings often respected their subjects’ private properties as their own, as violations of property rights were regarded as tyrannical. Contrastingly in Russia, the Tsar claimed all the “land and natural resources”. He “monopolized wholesale and foreign trade”, and “laid claim to the lifelong services of his subjects” (Pipes, 26). The upper class served the tsar directly, either in the bureaucracy or the army, while peasants “tilled his land or that of his servitors” (Pipes, 26).
Nazar with the help of the provision supply provided by the state strives and succeeds to create bearable living conditions for the people. Nevertheless, here the reader for the first time contemplates Nazar 's real hesitation in the possibility of communism for the Dzhan people: "Chagataev felt the pain of his sorrow: his nation did not need communism. His nation needed oblivion...Chagataev turned turned away from everyone: all his actions, all his hopes had proved senseless"(102). After this seeming disillusionment in the soviet project 's applicability to his nation, Nazar talks to Sufyan, who explains the reason of Dzhan people 's lack of desire to live: "We know that there aren 't rich any longer, that they 've all died. But you listen to me.
This could be an expensive and at last counterproductive approach for an administration looking to seek after financial development in the meantime as it makes a feeling of state character established in Kazakh dialect and culture. However, the significant opportunity of trilingual education is rapidly growing number of young generation whose proficiency of various subjects in different languages will bring benefits in the future and put them in the advantageous position on the global level. Therefore, it will build bridge between Kazakhstan and other countries in terms of scientific arena among developing and developed countries. This literature review will combine four studies and articles of
(“Nationalism”) Traditionally the Balkans had been dominated by the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, whom were each other’s rivals, and was inhabited by different ethnic groups known as Slavs. During the 19th century the influence of the Ottoman was in decline and the neighboring three Powers were all
During the Mukharjee Settlement the Kundha (Kurukh) are named as Kisan. They are unique in their cultural dance and marriage. The life style of Kisan population in Sundargarh district has been changed with the changing world. The role of globalization, westernization, modernization has great impact on Kisan life style as well as on other tribal of Sundargarh district. The impact of Christianization has brought about change in life style of some of the recognized tribal belong to Sundargarh district Introduction: Adivasi is term for a heterogeneous set of ethnic and tribal groups believed to be the aboriginal population of India.