As apparent in Document C, in which the quintessential “nuclear family” sits in a bunker, concerns about nuclear war stood at the front of the American ethos. This fear of nuclear war was also reflected in Document E, in which the question is posed of whether or not the “U.S. [should] take the first blow?” This question of “whether a policy of accepting the first blow may be the best one” became intertwined within the minds of the America people, heightening American fears. President Eisenhower, while addressing the issue of the Soviet Union and its subsequent tensions through nearly doubling “defense spending…of government spending” (Document H). However, the Eisenhower administration failed to successfully mollify these fears, apparent in the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy, who pledged not to “dare to tempt [challenging nations] with weakness” (Document I).
The Cold War was a direct conflict of ideas between Democracy and Communism. International politics were heavily shaped by the intense rivalry between these two great blocs of power and the political ideologies they represented: democracy in the case of the United States and its allies, and Communism in the case of the Soviet bloc. While the United States accused the USSR of seeking to expand Communism in Europe and Asia, the USSR viewed itself as the leader of history 's progressive forces and charged the United States with attempting to stamp out revolutionary activity wherever it arose. In 1946 and 1947, russia/solviet union helped bring Communist governments to power in Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and
His use of the military was to increase military weapons to prepare for a potential war and to scare the Soviet’s away. (Kennedy) He was so open to the thought of a war he created Flexible Response; which is using a more effective way, such as bombs and other nuclear weapons, rather than threats and walls (Ayres 886). Moreover, While the US did not enter war, it could very well be possible if Lyndon B. Johnson hadn’t taken over after Kennedy's
The resolution also gave President Johnson to take all actions necessary in order to prevent any armed attack against U.S. forces. The Senate passed the resolution with a vote of 88 to 2. Johnson’s popularity increased in reply to his “restrained” management of the crisis. The Johnson administration continued to use the resolution as an excuse to commence heavy bombing in North Vietnam. The resolution started a war that lasted nearly eight years and killed over 58,000 U.S. troops.
The Cold War was a period characterised by the pervasive ideological conflict between communism and capitalism and the global uncertainty this produced. It stemmed from the horror of WWII, in particular the Holocaust as well as the devastation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the wake of the atomic bomb. The sheer scale and inhumanity of these atrocities spurred a global shift in thinking, forcing people to reevaluate their understanding of a world in which such horrors could readily occur. For many this in turn led to a sense of moral confusion and universal meaninglessness, exemplified in the resurgence of philosophies like existentialism, nihilism and absurdism. In other words, metanarratives like religion and science had been unable to prevent the horrors of WWII, or create a better society afterwards, and these philosophies appealed to the sense of failure and confusion that this induced, justifying the chaos by declaring it meaningless.
Under the command of the Dulles Brothers America looked to "willfully and systematically proceed to crush" the third world's "aspirations for the sake of control" (Norouzi 1). The Basic Concepts of International Relations and Foreign Policy are reflected in the details of the United States intervention in the political affairs of Guatemala and Iran in the early 1950s, to a great extent and in may ways. The era in which the Dulles Brothers were heads of the CIA and Secretary of State departments helped define the time after the Second World War. They also greatly influenced America's foreign policy for decades to come.
The Cold War was caused by political and military tension between the west and east and/or between the United States and the Soviet Union. This rivalry lasted most of the last half of the twentieth century, after World War II and the feud the two nations had. The growth in weapons of mass destruction was one of the biggest issues during this time because the damage that the weapons could do was at the time unthinkable, and a huge worrying issue. The making of nuclear weapons occurred during this time and was a magnificent scare to many people because of the destruction nuclear weapons can cause.
Cuba had missiles that endangered the U.S. population. So in exchange that they took their missiles out of Cuba, the U.S. took their missiles out of Turkey. This shows the U.S. concern of a nuclear war, they obviously don’t want to destroy the whole
The Cold War was a long duration of frustration between the democracies of the Western World and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. Although the two powerful countries never officially declared war on each other, they fought discursively in proxy wars, the arms race, and the space race. Historians are not confident about the date but they assume it was very near of 1947–1991.
The Cold War lasted forty plus years and these conflicting ideologies threatened peace throughout the world, consequently the battle verses communism and democracy was at the root of the Cold War conflict. Social, political, and economic conditions of the world were influenced by the ongoing threats of the Cold War. In the Soviet Union, communist rulers firmly controlled all aspects of Soviet life and they dominated Eastern Europe through imperialism. The Soviet government held a tight grip on its citizens and used fear to control them, hence western influences were forbidden because the government thought it would poison and threaten their beliefs. The government and economy was often unstable and was frequently on the verge of collapse,
The Presidents of the Cold War What were Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy's ways of dealing with the Cold War? Both Truman and Eisenhower used the policy of containment when dealing with the Cold War. Kennedy used flexible response in the war instead of containment. Containment is to keep things under control (Ayers 819).
The discussion of nuclear weapons has been going on since the United States was the first to use nuclear warfare in 1945. Since then, the world has had further incidents with nuclear weapons such as the Cuban Missile Crisis and recent events like North Korea’s nuclear tests Shultz ET. AL. referenced in their article. These incidents will always spark the debate: “Should countries be allowed to have nuclear warheads for their country's defense?”