In the article FDR vs. Hitler by Frank Freidel, it is expressed that Franklin Roosevelt was concerned about the rise of Nazi Germany under Hitler’s rule. He considered Hitler a very dangerous person and he didn’t like him or agree with his actions at all. FDR was hesitant about the situation with Germany because of disastrous impacts World War One had. Roosevelt chose not to speak to the public about his concerns with Hitler because he hoped it would make it easier for refugees of Nazi Germany to escape to the US. FDR viewed Hitler as, “a madman and his counsellors… even madder than he is”.
Before the 1920’s, the first World War occured. At the beginning of the war, when it first broke out around the world, President Woodrow Wilson declared American neutrality, in which American people would not trade with other countries involved in the war. However, the neutrality did not stay consistent, because soon after, the United States was split because of the different ethnic groups who favored their original countries. The use of propaganda became significant because of the uses to sway the opinions of the American people. During this first World War, their began to fight for women’s suffrage and prohibition.
This caused many Germans to accept the Nazi regime and probably join the army. Germany had little flexibility with its’ army, both in size and actions, due to the restrictions, which caused Germany to begrudge the surrounding countries. The Nazi regime took advantage of what the Germans didn’t like about the Treaty of Versailles, by breaking some aspects of it, in order to gain support and increase their numbers so they could go to war. There are many reasons why the Treaty of Versailles caused World War Two, but there still might have been other causes; just like how Germany was blamed for World War One, it is unfair to put all the blame of the treaty without acknowledging other possible
We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you” (Zimmerman, 1). This phrase cut out from the actual document shows Germanys real intentions in the war, and is already preparing to go to war with the United States. It was obvious to President Wilson that the Germans were not going to back down, so he called the new Congress into session prematurely and asked for a declaration of war on April 2nd.
Idealism and Realism are two strongly opposed views of foreign policy. At the core of this opposition is the issue of power and security in politics. Realism establishes a separation between politics and ethics in order to understand and comprehend international events. Realists don’t oppose morality to politics, nor power to law, but rather oppose the utopian peaceful society to the nature of society. Realists are attuned to the idea that the international system is anarchic and that serious threats emerge all the time, requiring states to secure resources for survival.
However, there were also many differences between the two expansionist periods because some people supported imperialism while others were highly opposed to the idea. It was evident in both cases of expansion that the United States was a stubborn nation that would take what they wanted at any cost. Americans risked war and national safety for the purpose of gaining land, or simply proving their dominance as a World Power. Americans pushed aside the Native Americans who inhabited the land they wanted in the early years of expansionism. They believed that the land was
Latter President Ulysses S. Grant was another American in opposition to the war with Mexico. In his personal memoirs he wrote “To this day, I regard the Mexican War as one of the most unjust wars ever waged by a stronger nation against a weaker nation . . . in not considering justice in their desire to acquire additional territory.” (Document 3) On the other hand, there were publications like The New-York Daily Tribune would called the war “piratical” and the invasion was a “flagrant outrage” and it was also called “immoral and unwise”.
The whole purpose of war is for power. When people cannot have their way they get mad and feel the need to fight. the thirst for power cannot be stopped which causes repetition. War isn't just a fight but more of a thirst that is unquenchable until one is of full power. “I ought to be chief” said by jack in the book.This shows how bad people want power in war and how created by arrogance in one's heart.
Jefferson used propaganda against King George III to portray him as a sinful tyranny King who wanted absolute control over each colony. First off, Jefferson stated that King George III “refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public good” King George III refused as well as the governors of England. After the French and Indian War, the colonies grew. When the colonies grew, the population and economy became bigger as well. So, while the population and economy grew, the colonies wanted the permission by Britians to expand more west.
In between these systems is the hegemony which defines the contemporary IR. According to Watson, there cannot be case in which there is absolute anarchy or hierarchy but between the two which he used pendulum as a metaphor. International politics is explained through the terms of empire, dominion, suzerainty and independence. Order prevails in the empire and away from the core of the empire exist the anarchic system. Watson argues against the notion that the interactions between the independent states in IR is far from possibility.
The “Big four” (Germany, Britain, France, and Italy) Met at Munich with Germany to work out an agreement so that those nations are not brought into the war. Instead of defending themselves and standing up to Germany and Italy, they used the strategy of Appeasement. Although this decision was made by Chamberlin to use appeasement (Document 5), Winston Churchill didn’t agree with Chamberlin. Winston believed *“that keeping peace depends on holding back the aggressor.” (Document 6) Following this quote Churchill gave a Parliamentary speech: *“[…] I asked that Britain, together with France and other powers guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia. […] In time Czechoslovakia will be swallowed by the Nazi regime […].” (Document 6) Winston knew that even if the nations tried to appease Hitler, The Nazi regime would still take control.
To ensure that Germany would not attack France again, Clemenceau pushed for disarmament and demanded back Alsace-Lorraine and in addition to Rhineland, which had been demilitarized and served as a buffer. For fifteen years, France had also controlled territory which had rich coal mines. Poland gained land east of Germany. Germany was not allowed to unite with Austria and was required to give its colonies in Africa to Great Britain and France. The allies had also gained territory that had been given to Germany through the treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
When WW1 ended the allies’ leaders wanted a treaty that would prevent another war to come upon them. The treaty they wrote was ruined. But eventually France and Britain got what they wanted, which was a peace treaty that demanded Germany for peace and them not to rise up another war. The United States was not even on that peace treaty, but history says that Woodrow got his powerful nation, just not the one he wanted. This peace treaty that demanded Germany to obey, gave loss to some of their land.
The fear of the “Hamiltonian juggernaut,” running a successful development of the nation’s government, was what triggered Jefferson’s increasingly vengeful moves against him and the Federalists. The success of the Gazette of the United States, a pro-Federalist newspaper, drove Jefferson to propose a rival newspaper that would play an “important” part in “a program of opposition to Hamilton”. Jefferson, along with other proponents of
Document E ‘‘The British Octopus’’ shows us how Germany viewed England. They referred to them as ‘‘Blutsauger der Welt’’, which means bloodsucker of the world. They used propaganda and showed us how England was trying to gain territory. Imperialism contributed to causing the war because nations would make accusations and they wouldn’t trust each other. Having allies with another nation wasn’t a bad thing, but it did cause distrust between nations and it also caused them to fight for an alliance.