As soon as the news of Dr. King 's assassination had been released, supports distraught and angered called for riotous repercussions. Groups of activist gathered all of the United States; anywhere from Texas to Boston To Mississippi to North Carolina to Washington D.C. A few dozen students gathered outside the Student nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) offices on 14th Street NW Washington D.C. This is where the former chairman of SNCC, Stokely Carmichael, suddenly appeared and started preaching to the protesters, "When Kennedy died, all these stores closed... Martin Luther King is our leader and we are going to show him some respect.
Four killed, nine injured. They were simply trying to make a difference. In early 1970, following President Richard Nixon’s address regarding the American invasion of Cambodia, students across the nation decided to get involved. One protest, in particular, at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, turned into a violent protest due to the presence of guards and police, along with other figures of authority.
In the article “Four Dead in O-hi-o” from The Pop History Dig, Jack Doyle an author and the publisher of the website gives insight on the historical significance of the song “Ohio”. On April 30, 1970, President Richard Nixon declared expansion of the Vietnam War by sending the American troops in to invade Cambodia. At this time, there was already controversy over the war, many Americans, especially the younger ones, despised the fact that the U.S. joined a war they had no business being a part of. The invasion of Cambodia infuriated many students and caused an uproar in protests all over the nation. On May 4, 1970, after 3 long days of protesting, four unarmed kids were shot by the National Guard at Kent State University.
In a time of drastic change in America, adding such a controversial war to the mix of social issues seemed to many like an inappropriate decision. The Vietnam War, which lasted twenty years, from 1955 and 1975, was the battle for liberation of South Vietnam from North Vietnam. The communist North Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, was backed by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and communist China in an attempt to overtake the South Vietnamese who were led by the Catholic minority, Ngo Dinh Diem. Before 1960, his corrupt and brutal ways were beginning to wear on his people. By 1963, the United States has decided that Diem must go and authorizes and assassination (Osman, 2 October).
The Weathermen issued a communiqué that said the bombing of the Capitol building on March 1, 1971, was in protest of the U.S. invasion of Laos; the Pentagon was bombed on May 19, 1972, in reprisal for the bombing of Hanoi; and the Department of State building was bombed on January 29, 1975, in response to the escalation in
Strasser who said poor conditions the troops had to live through while fighting the rebels was a reason for ousting Momoh. ("Sierra Leone | History - Geography." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia
How did Lyndon B. Johnson make the Vietnam War his own? Lyndon B. Johnson made Vietnam War his own after the assassination of President of John F. Kennedy in Dallas in November 1963. At the time Johnson was Vice President to Kennedy but would later win a full term in the next election. During this time America had about 17,000 military adviser in the South Vietnam government.
Throughout time there has always been a moral and ethical sense of right and wrong. As a child growing up in a Christian household you’re taught to follow God’s Ten Commandments and to always do the right thing, the quote “What would Jesus do” allowed Christians to think about their actions and reinforce that God wants us to do the right thing. For instance, when the government comes to decision to aid other people in Vietnam is a country located near Cambodia and Laos, in the 40’s tensions began to rise between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. Vietnam was temporarily divided between an anti-Communist South and a Communist North. In 1956, South Vietnam, with American backing, refused to hold unification elections.
”(Kelly) Teachers that were living in these neighborhoods, such as Roseland, went on strike feuding against Mayor Emanuel, fighting for their schools and it would seemed utmost important to include the majority of this in the documentary. Also, Chicago has an incredulous amount of violence and gang activity that happen all in the bad neighborhoods. Students walking to school pass through gang territory on their way to school and it is an issue that is needing to be addressed and exposed in “Chicagoland”. Chicago had also a large murder rate that was too large to ignore.
Missouri campus protests cause university president, chancellor to step down On campus racism leads to protests and resignation of university leaders After week long campus protests at the University of Missouri campus, both the University of Missouri President Tim Wolfe, and the school’s Chancellor, R. Bowen Loftin resigned on Tuesday. The protests included a hunger strike by one of the students. The campus protests at the University of Missouri Columbia campus were brought on by African-American students at Missouri who were protesting that the school was ignoring the fact that students were openly using racial slurs, as well as other problems they faced at the college being ignored or not addressed.
In 1969, President Nixon gave a speech introducing his plan to pull the United States out of the war. The plan, Vietnamization, would consist of building up the South Vietnamese forces while removing US troops from combat. This plan instilled that the South Vietnamese forces would assume more responsibility for the war while US troops went home, as Americans had demanded. April of 1970 proved to sway from Nixon 's plan of removing troops as he announced that US troops would be entering Cambodia. An explosion of protests resulted, including the Kent State Incident previously mentioned.
In 1965 when the protests first began they were small, and they eventually spread to college campuses. During this same year protests during the Vietnam War gained national prominence when the U.S. bombed North Vietnam. The reason was what they called the threefold; which was to include a boost in south Vietnamese morale, cut down on infiltration of Communist troops from the North, and forcing the Hanoi to stop its support of the insurgency in South Vietnam. Within these protests there was a wide variety of people for example; artists, intellectuals and hippies. The hippie movement first started when President Kennedy was assassinated.
involvement in the Vietnam War. The Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War. According to the magazine, “on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese against the forces of the South Vietnamese” (Richard). Besides this, on the other side, according from another magazine, “for all practical purposes, entirely in the hands of Saigon, which does not want to resolve them and is unable to do so, since it is unable to soberly assess the situation and the alignment of forces in South Vietnam” (Torelli). It was a campaign of surprise attacks against military and civilian commands and control centers throughout South Vietnam.
Also, we first sent troops to fight in Vietnam after what was believed to be an attack on two U.S. ships. It was in the Gulf of Tonkin, and two U.S. destroyers reported that they had been fired at by the North Vietnamese. Lyndon B. Johnson was the president of the U.S. during this, and he made the decision to engage in the war because of the report that could be faulty. He was the first president of the United States to really engage in the war. Lastly, President Richard M. Nixon was very important.
On April 22, 1989, when Hu Yaobang’s services were held, thousands of students and protesters gathered outside of the Great Hall of the People in Tiananmen Square in order to protest not only his death but also their government’s communistic ways. As the number of protesters gradually rose and spread to more cities the situation became tenser and on May 13, 1989 the protesters began a hunger strike in an attempt to get more political reforms. Soon after, on May 19, 1989, Zhao Ziyang, the leader of china at the time, made a last ditch effort to stop the protests and end the hostility. The next day, on May 20, 1989, martial law was declared and troops began moving into the square. With this new military presence the situation only got worse and worse, tensions continued to rise and hostilities grew.