There are objects built into the telescope so that data can be recorded. One of these things is the collimated detector, which is what collects the X-ray signals. The electronic eye then records the location of where the rays came from. The pictures that are taken by the telescope show the pattern of the waves and the time and angle of
Intro Galaxies have a variety of shapes that ranges from ellipsoids to spiral galaxies. Spiral galaxies are made up of many individual stars. Moreover, the components of the spiral galaxies move relative to each other. For instance, a rotation curve of a rigid body measures the speed and the radius. However, a rotation curve of a rigid body must have a body where the angular speed is the same.
Introduction: In this lab, we measured the angular velocity of the sun (how fast the sun rotates on its axis) to find the time it takes for the sun to make a complete orbit. We did this by printing two images of the sun that are 7 days apart from NASA’s SOHO database to observe and measure one sunspot (the same sunspot in different locations on both images). We looked at sunspots because its dark (due to magnetic activity and heat transfer) and easy to identify since there are few spots from a faraway perspective. were able to solve for the time period it takes for the sun to rotate on its axis using the following formulas: θ=sin〖x/(R ')〗 where R’ is the radius of the circle the sunspot orbits, 〖θ=sin〗〖x/R_sun 〗 , where R_sun is the radius
6. As the Voyager spacecraft penetrated into the outer solar system, the illumination from the Sun declined. Relative to the situation at Earth, how bright is the sunlight is lower each of the jovian planets. Since the Sun is further away from each planet, the sunlight decreases. Voyager had to take longer exposers when photographing Neptune.
Pluto is not just a well known dog, it’s also a dwarf planet…or is i? Pluto has a moon just like all the other planets. Scientists are calling Pluto a “Dwarf”, but size isn’t everything because great things come in small packages. Pluto has been called a planet from 1930 to 2006 why change now. Pluto should be a planet because it was a planet before so why rewrite history.
A Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) Diagram is an important tool in astronomy. This diagram helps astronomers learn the age and distances of stars and star clusters, (pg 171, Lab Manual). Typically, an H-R Diagram plots Luminosity (y-axis) against Temperature and Spectral Type (x-axis) (this axis is also “backwards” meaning that temperature is higher on the left and lower on the right). In the upper left corner of the diagram, you would see hot luminous stars plotted there, and in the bottom right there would be cool, faint stars. There are also four different regions on the diagram that tell you what type of the stars dwell in that area (knowing what type/ stage the star is in may help astronomers determine the composition of the stars as well as their next evolutionary stage.)
There are 6,000 stars that can be observed from Earth. Sun is the nearest star from the Earth. Stars appear in the sky at night.Our distributions reproduce the observed extinction of starlight, which varies depending on the interstellar environment through which the light travels. (Weingartner & Draine, 2001). Stars do not appear during the daylight because of Sun.
Explain how spring and neap tides are created. Tides are created by the gravitational pull of the sun and moon. When the sun and moon align their gravitational pulls combine creating the highest high tides and the lowest low tides, also known as the spring tides. When the sun and moon are at 90° angles from one another their gravitational pulls are pulling in different directions, therefore the tides are minimized, also known as neap tides. b.
The team’s mission was to land on the moon, but some serious catastrophes like engine failure made their mission extremely treacherous. In the other hand, the expedition demonstrated the use of the scientific method, Newton’s 3 laws, and the Law of Conservation of Energy. A good example of scientific method, is the observation of the rocket. Before, scientists were mainly focused on if the rocket could improve from previous rocket missions like Apollo 12. Using the disadvantages of Apollo 12, scientists began improving Apollo 13 to make a safer journey.
Introduction of NMR spectroscopy Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a form of absorption spectroscopy by which a nuclei under investigation absorbs the energy from an external magnetic field and resonances or excites from a low energy state to a high energy state. It involves the disintegration of spin state into two spin states of unequal energy. The emerging radiofrequency is absorbed in a magnetic field resulting to the magnetic properties of the nuclei which getting up from the axial spin. Hence, different NMR absorption spectrum can be obtained which contains one to several groups of absorption lines in the radiofrequency part of the electromagnetic spectrum depends on the particular nucleus. Apparently, the location of peaks
During the moon 's quarter phases the sun and moon work at different angles, causing the bulges to cancel each other. The result is a smaller difference between high and low tides and is known as a neap tide. Neap tides are especially weak tides that occur when the gravitational forces of the Moon and the Sun are near a right angle to one another. Neap tides occur during quarter
The light then breaks into parallel lines. The grating allows us to see the colors in the spectrum. We can measure the light using the spectroscope grid template. Exercise 2: Using the Spectroscope Questions A. Describe the similarities and differences between the spectra of incandescent light and fluorescent light.
The Circinus Galaxy (ESO 97-G13) is a Seyfert galaxy in the Circinus constellation - and one of the closest to the Milky Way (see also NGC 185). It is only 4 degrees below the Galactic plane, and 13 million light-yearsaway. The galaxy is undergoing tumultuous changes, as rings of gas are being ejected from the galaxy. The outermost ring is 700 light-years from the center of the galaxy and the inner ring is 130 light-years out. Although the Circinus galaxy can be seen using a small telescope, it was not noticed until 1977 because it lies close to the plane of the Milky Way and is obscured by galactic dust.
On Venus a day is longer than its year. A day on a planet means is the amount of time it takes the planet to make a complete rotation on its axis, and a year is the amount of time it takes for the planet to make orbit around its parent star. Therefore, Venus’s days are longer than its year, due to the fact that it takes the planet longer to rotate on its axis than it does to make one journey around the sun. Venus days are 243 earth days long while its year is only 225 earth days long. Venus rotates in the retrograde rotation, contrary to that of the other planets.
It has a halo, however that you can’t really see it. It has over 200 billion stars it’s quite dusty and gassy. It is spiral galaxy. 2. How are galaxies organized and distributed within the universe?