In James W. Loewen’s “Handicapped by History,” the author exposes the broken nature of what we are taught in history classes in the Cultural Memory vs. Historical Reality framework. Students only hear of Helen Keller’s struggle to learn to read and write and are never taught of her strong humanitarian and socialist beliefs. In the case of Woodrow Wilson, history books often let his efforts during WWI overshadow his white supremacist beliefs and his schemes to overthrow governments in South American countries. Loewen explains why history books tend to create fairytale-like images of American heroes: “We seem to feel that a person like Helen Keller can be an inspiration only so long as she remains uncontroversial, one-dimensional. We don 't want complicated icons” (Loewen 35). He states that textbooks want to keep it simple and do not want their citizens to lose their sense of patriotism by finding out that a past president wasn’t the ideal human being. Thus, students are taught to characterize the lifetime of a figure by only a few of their actions and thus, this minimized version of history wrongly becomes the truth.
We need assistance in pursuing allegations/charges against the State of Tennessee, Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools, Cane Ridge High School , specific staff of Cane Ridge High School, and possibly by officers of the Metropolitan Nashville Police Department.
n Lies My Teacher Told, James W. Loewen discusses how American students who enter college are less knowledgeable about their own history than any other subject. He claims that American history is the least liked and worst remembered subject in the American curriculum. High school students hate history and see it as “boring and irrelevant” (Loewen 2). Loewen argues that the uninteresting, Eurocentric treatment of history bores most elementary and high school students, who also find it irrelevant to their lives. To make learning more compelling, Loewen suggests that authors, publishers, and teachers should make history appealing and be engaging to the students. By presenting students with different viewpoints and stressing that history is
This semester was very insightful. American History is essential to society and the path she is going. The importance of history is revealed in our Hollitz: Thinking through the Past. It portrayed just how important our founding fathers described their journey. The Declaration of Independence paved the way to freedom. However, it was the journey that different groups involved went through to prove their liberty. We often take for granted the independence and liberty that we were born into. Never realizing the sacrifices that our ancestors went through before us.
The Equal Access Act upheld by the Supreme Court in Board of Education v. Mergens, 1990, requires public secondary schools to allow access to religiously based student groups on the same basis as other student clubs. The school administration denied a group of students their right to create a Christian after school club. The students intended for their club to have just the same privileges and club meetings as all other after school clubs. The schools excuse being that it lacked faculty support which led to the school and district being sued by the students. “The students alleged that Westside 's refusal violated the Equal Access Act, which requires that schools in receipt of federal funds provide "equal access" to student groups seeking to express "religious, political, philosophical, or other content" messages” (Board of Education of Westside Community Schools v. Mergens by and Through Mergens). Many still argue today that Westside 's prohibition against the Christian club, consistent with the Establishment Clause, makes the Equal Access Act unconstitutional.
The film “Speaking in Tongues” (2010) obtained the students, parents, and communities perspective towards bilingual education. The students interviewed were all mainly towards learning how to speak a second language. The students felt they could benefit in learning a second language or in expanding their home language. In the film, Kelly Wong stated she loved speaking Chinese to her grandmother. Kelly could practice, learn, and get corrected by her grandmother while speaking Chinese. The parent’s perspective towards bilingual education was like the student’s opinions because both individuals felt immersion classrooms benefit the students and the parents. The father of Jason was proud his son was the first in his family to read, write, and speak in English. Jason’s father knew his son would have many career opportunities by learning English at school. Learning the English academic language was not the only proud language Jason’s father encouraged for Jason to learn but also the Spanish language as well. Jason’s father only speaks Spanish so if his son was to lose his home language, a language barrier would form between father and son. To prevent the language barrier Jason’s father encouraged a bilingual immersion
“I never hear one word about how Asian immigrants were among the first to turn California’s desert into fields of plenty.[...] I never learned that Asian immigrants were the only immigrants that were denied U.S. citizenship even though they served honorably in World War I.” (Ji-Yeon, Paragraph 4) This example, while it connects specifically to the author was not as effective in persuading the audience due to Asian Americans being a very small, lesser studied minority in America, but the author really hits the mark when she speaks of how underrepresented black Americans are in history textbooks. “I never learned that black people rose up in arms against slavery.” She also speaks of Frederick Douglass: a famed abolitionist and statesman; W.E.B. Du Bois: an author. black scholar, and civil rights activist; and Nat Turner: who led an uprising against white plantation owners in Virginia just prior to the Civil War. These men are leading historical figures of black independence, and since she states she never learned about them she is really getting through to an American audience about the discrimination in the perspective students are taught about in history
“You’re going to the alternative school? What did you do to go there? You’re not a bad student.” If you live in Haysville, you know that there are two high schools. Haysville High, or the “inferior” school offers an alternative program. Campus is a colossal 5A school with 1,500 students. Haysville High is outshines Campus because of the environment, population, and curriculum.
2:1 Compare the strengths and limitations of assessments of a range of assessment methods with reference to the needs of individual learners.
James W. Loewen is a sociologist who taught race relations for twenty years at the University of Vermont. He received a PhD in sociology at Harvard and taught at Tougaloo College in Mississippi before Vermont. In 1974, he wrote a history textbook for Mississippi students, but the state rejected it because his depictions of slavery were “too horrific for high school students to stomach.” He sued the state’s textbook purchasing board and won because their rejection was not justifiable and that they denied Loewen his First Amendment rights of free speech and press. Since then, Loewen has written many award-winning books, including Lies My Teacher Told Me and Lies Across America. Some of this author’s awards include the American Sociological
Modern day classrooms were unheard and unseen of more than 50 years ago. If we were to travel back to the past and step foot in classrooms of that time, one theme would run throughout. More than 50 years ago, classrooms were segregated and spoke volumes about the oppression of the colored population. Before the Civil Rights Movement of 1964 and during slavery, classrooms were split up based on color and were limited resources depending on the color of their skin. (Graglia, 2014) Educating colored people wasn’t as important and in some states illegal. Many colored marched with pride for freedom over and over again. This was until May 17, 1954, when the famous case, “Brown v. Board of Education unanimously ruled “separate but equal” public schools for colored people and “white people” and that went against the constitution (Stallion, 2013). This case directly dealt directly with segregation between those of black color and those of white color. It allowed more students to study, work, and learn about each other together. As time went on, this also impacted students to keep studying and motivated students to earn higher education (Stallion, 2013). Assisting to the desegregation between colored people and “white” people, were many great public speakers. One man gave the famous, “I have a dream” speech and risked assassination (Tuck, 2014).
From experiences with my parents, and those growing up around me, our parents held a certain type of cultural capital, or societal resources, which garnered them knowledge sets and access to certain resources (Bourdieu, 1986). It is apparent that the educational system values the cultural capital students have gained from “white, middle or upper-class resources,” and considers those without these knowledges “deficient” (Yosso, 2005, p. 81). Within higher education, this may still be the case. In my experience as a Peer Advisor, I had a multitude of different students with varying identities. However, in the classroom I made assumptions about our students, such as believing college was the natural course for all of them after high school, and that is was always a destination, not an option. It was not until later that I realized how my identity as a White, upper-class individual contributed to my epistemologies and
With nations becoming increasingly connected through mediums like the internet, the world has changed substantially within the last decade. It’s a time where Spanish songs such as Luis Fonsi’s Despacito can top the American music charts, where traveling to the other side of the world takes a few hours instead of weeks, and more importantly, where states like California and Utah are continuing to promote and provide for a growing demand for bilingual education through dual-immersion programs. Although the states have great strides in the right direction, bilingual education should not be encouraged but rather be required for K-12 students. Because bilingual education integrates languages into the student’s lifestyle through instruction, it enriches the lives of children, the adults they will become, and the community to which they will contribute to.
Most of the people consider that being a student is the most enjoyable and stress free part of our life. This is the stage where we are exploring different things in our environment. Being influenced by someone in good or in bad things. This is the stage wherein we have a lot of ambition or goals, that push our limits in order to achieve it in the future.
According to some researcher’s experiential learning theory (ELT) has been widely used in management learning research and practice for over thirty-five years. Building on the foundational works of Kurt Lewin, John Dewey and others, experiential learning theory offers a dynamic theory based on a learning series driven by the resolution of the dual tensions of action/reflection and experience/abstraction. These two dimensions state a holistic learning space wherein learning transactions take place between individuals and the environment.