“This theory is based on assumptions that people have the capacity to act in either rational or irrational manner” (Gibson & Mitchell, 2007). Michelle has been thinking irrationally about her future due to the circumstances. The arrangement which she has done is not compromising her because of the unexpected changes according to planed plan which is opting to work for a year. “The goal of REBT is to reduce or eliminate irrational behavior. To change such undesired behavior clients have to learn how their thinking, emotions, and behavior are interrelated” (Gibson & Mitchell, 2007).
Developmental theory by Erik Erikson, he states that life is a series of lessons and marrying at young age is a reality for many young women. The study was held securely to the psychosocial challenged which help us to grow. His theory helps to tell us why this theory is helpful for child developmental and adults also. In relation to this study, youth must resolve two life critical situations during adolescents. This represents to find a balance between developing a unique identity.
The author explained to them that the appropriate intervention which would benefit in Shane’s recovery was psycho education and had requested that they be involved. The author asked for guidance from their preceptor, to see if there are any usefully psycho education tools that would be useful to Shane in recognizing signs and symptoms of his illness. She advised a Daily Life Chart (see appendix) would learn Shane in identifying patterns in moods and behavior, thus expanding insight into how these relate to life events(Suppes and Dennehy 2012). As Shane’s family is a protective factor for him the author decided to use a family-focused treatment which educate them about symptoms and treatment of bipolar disorder. There are three stages in FFT which include Family Psycho education -that provides educational material in bipolar disorder, Communication Enhancement Training- were participants learn communication skills for dealing with family stress and the final stage is Problem- Solving Skills Training- which involves training to identify, define and solve specific family problems(Suppes and Dennehy 2012).
this takes the role of free association in a child. When talked about free association, one name clearly comes to our mind- Signmund Freud. She got an opportunity to meet Freud and this meeting inspried her to write her first paper which was on Development of a child. However, her theories counter argued Signmund Freud and Anna frueds Theories. When Anna frued has said that children could not be psychoanalysed, Klein disagreed.
Moreover the Ego began to form in this stage. According to Freud this is the stage where weaning is the key experience in the infant's oral stage of psychosexual development. This experience helps in increasing the self-awareness and thus learns of delayed gratification, which leads to the formation of the capacities for independence (awareness of the limits of the self) and trust (behaviors leading to gratification). From the above paragraph it is clear that the role of parents in this stage is significant. Thwarting of the oral-stage — too much or too little gratification of desire — might lead to an oral-stage fixation, characterized by passivity, unwariness, immaturity, unrealistic optimism, which is manifested in a manipulative personality consequent to ego malformation.
Will good parenting skills change a child’s bad behavior? Some people may say that to fix a child’s behavior parents should involve punishment. Maybe they will also say that punishment leads to having a well-disciplined child. In the article, “No Spanking, No Time-Out, No Problem,” Olga Khazan proposes a parenting intervention from a child psychologist, she utilizes it to persuade readers along with parents into believing that punishment cannot change negative behavior. Kazdin discusses the causes behind a negative behavior from a child and utilizes it to prove that punishment does not need to be utilized.
The lastly, it is insurmountable to achieve the goals of group counseling, if the therapist is not able to address cultural diversity in the group. The role of the therapist is to understand the values and culture of the client. Further, developing the environment in the group where they can learn how to shape their behaviour according to the norms of the group and society. Group Theory/Techniques/Interventions Effective for Adolescents Dealing with anxiety and substance use: Cognitive behavioral therapy helps the group members to cope up with their stressor and help them to deal with that stressor. This stressor could be situations and feelings that could lead to substance use and with group cognitive behavioral therapy they learn to act to cope with the anxiety.
First-time mothers are exposed to parenting stress due to the responsibilities to care for a newborn. Both married and single mothers experience parenting stress, but single mothers experience a higher amount of parenting stress. Copeland and Harbaugh proposed a series of factors contribute to the development of parenting stress, which can diminish the likelihood of successful parenting. Lowering the amount of parenting stress can be beneficial successful parenting, which is tremedously important for the well-being of the infant. According to the Belsky 's Model of the Determinants of Parenting, there are three essential parenting domains which contribute to successful parenting.
The study shows that the neighborhood, but no family-level and economic measures were associated with the differences in [the] brain development between early adolescence and late teen years. The most disadvantaged kids showed differences from others, particularly in the brain temporal lobes, which could affect stress, memory and language, according to JAMA Psychiatry. Allen said that adolescence is an important time for [the] brain development, particularly in terms of the factors that influence one’s life and the ability to regulate behavior and form relationships. On the other side, positive parenting behaviors seemed to moderate the negative effects of the poor and negative environment, especially in the brain region which functions as the regulator of human emotions, the amygdala. In contrast, the combination of growing up in a disadvantaged neighborhood and low parental positivity was linked to increased odds of school school drop out, specifically
Ego strengths are achieved when the individual is able to handle and master the conflicts that occur at each developmental stage. This ensures successful ascension to the next phase of development. It is important to note that the age at which the identity crisis occurs can vary according to psychological factors,