Key Challenges Of Freud And Erikson's Model Of Development

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Eriksons model of development focuses on key challenges that the person needs to meet and overcome in the course of their life. It views them in terms of the significant social relationships they take place within and what the favourable outcomes are of each challenge. The staging according to age/significant social relationship removes the sexualized language of Freud while still recognizing formative periods of development early on. The first three stages follow closely those of Freud but do so without the same limiting to social gender roles. Eriksons viewing of development in terms of psycho-social crisis’ also takes on board Jungs concern for the need of a deeper/meaningful view of human development. It doesn’t however go so far into the symbolic as Jung remaining in the conceptual or ‘idealistic’ making it accessible for those of a less metaphysical slant. The first stage that runs for the first year of life with the mother/care giver as the significant relationship is presented as the crisis between trust and distrust. This fundamental stage mirrors that of the oral stage in Freud with a successful outcome being that of a person capable of trust and generally optimistic. The second stage following roughly the next year of life where the crisis is that of Autonomy/Doubt reflects the Anal Stage in Freud. The relationship here is still that towards the parents or carers but it isn’t focused so much on one expectation or act. The outcome of successfully overcoming
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