Key Factors Of Career-Shifting

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Career-shifting is a process of changing one’s occupation voluntarily and entering into a new occupation which has a different career path than the previous one. This study aims at understanding key factors in the career-shift process. In order to investigate those key factors, a qualitative study was conducted. Twenty-four career-shifters were interviewed about their decisions to change occupations and enter a new one. Data were analyzed with (the help of) Atlas.ti based on the grounded theory approach. The results revealed the importance of three main categories: individual, social and relational. In ancient times, kings and priests were the groups of people whose occupations defined their life styles and identities. In modern times, not only priests or kings but every single employee hauls down their occupation’s flags. The traditional employment system (Patton & McMahon, 2001) and people’s values (Inglehart, 2003) have changed in different parts of the world. In other words, people are more prompt to possess what they like to do instead of what they have to do and social and institutional systems in modern times allow replacing desires with obligations. People who change their occupations and follow their callings to build a second career (e.g. Engineers who build a second career in Psychology) are called “career-shifters” in this study. The aim of this study is to investigate the key factors that influence the decisions on occupational change and actions of

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