Key Factors Of Self-Expectency Theory

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However and in association with my context, the focus will be paid on two main factors in this theory ;
(1) Expectancy of success: According to psychological studies, the students are influenced by their past experiences (attribution theory) beliefs, perceptions of peoples’ attitude and expectations from them. All these expectations are linked to their previous achievement outcomes. Also, the learners’ perceptions and judgment of handling certain tasks and their efficiency levels dealing with difficult tasks (self- efficacy theory). In addition to maintaining self-esteem (self- worth theory) acted as an important factor in my students’ engagement in classroom practices (Dorynei 1998, Eccles and Wigfield, 2002, Atkinson’s 1964, Eccles 2005). In concordance with these explanations and according to my observations, it is assumed that decisions for future plans are of great relation to the learner 's past experiences of failure and success. Most of the students who showed interest in participating in classroom practices had positive past experiences and were exposed to healthy learning practices. On the other hand, those who tried to avoid participation in classroom practices usually recall negative memories of their past English classes. These negative memories were buried deep in their minds forming a solid barrier against their self-efficacy that needs lots of negotiations to overcome it.

(2) The expectancy of value: in this form Eccles and Wigfield (2002) tried to

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