Key Tenets Of Freud's Theory

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The following essay will not only outline the various key principles of Sigmund Freud’s theory, but also consider the stages that are relevant to the scenario provided, as well as give an explanation as to how the current behaviour of the 6 year old girl could have an impact on her behaviour as an adult. Outline of the key tenets of Freud’s theory Personality is defined as “psychological qualities that contribute to an individual’s enduring and distinctive patterns of feeling, thinking and behaving” (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). Personality includes behavioural characteristics, which can be both inherent and acquired (Holzman, n.d.). With regard to personality there are four central topics which were proposed by Freud, these are – instincts (both life and death, the levels of consciousness, the structure of personality, the psychosexual stages of development and defence mechanisms (Naidoo, Townsen, & Carollisen, 2016) . From these central topics the key tenets are the Id, ego and superego. The id is wholly unconscious and forms part of the biological component of the personality (Roundy, n.d.) and comprises of the instincts and libido. Instincts are referred to by Freud as “basic motivational drives that provide the basis for personality” (Naidoo, Townsend, & Carollisen, Theories of personality, 2016) whereas he referred to libido as “the psychic energy manifested by life instincts” (Naidoo, Townsend, & Carollisen, Theories of personality, 2016, p. 116). The id functions

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