Khansir's Error Analysis And Second Language Acquisition

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Reflection on Khansir’s “Error Analysis and Second Language Acquisition”
In the essay “Error Analysis and Second Language Acquisition”, the author Ali Akbar Khansir talks about in detail the three most influential error theories in second language acquisition: Contrastive Analysis, Error Analysis and the Interlanguage theory. To begin with, Khansir gives a brief introduction to the development of the three error theories, which serves as a guide to the following parts.
Then comes Contrastive Analysis. The Contrastive Analysis holds that the differences between mother language and target language cause interference which brings about learners’ errors. Besides, different visions of CA hypothesis is also touched upon. The strong version claims that learners’ difficulties can be predicted by CA and can be dealt with while the weak version claims that CA can only explain learners’ difficulties. Another version states that differences of patterns may increase the learners’ difficulties. Furthermore, criticisms of CA is showed for it ignores the learners’ internal factors.
Next Khansir draws attention to the Error Analysis. Contrast to CA, Error Analysis emphasizes the significance of learners’ errors. And different errors are classified into four types: Overgeneralization, Ignorance of rule restriction, Incomplete application of rules and False concepts hypothesized. Apart from this, the pedagogical values of Error Analysis are revealed that it can help to handle with
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