Khlberg's Theory Of Caorl Gilligan Theory

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Caorl Gilligan was one of the students of Kohlberg. She criticizes Kohlberg’s theory on the basis of assumption made by both genders (male and female) towards morality. On the basis of her studies and researches, she criticizes Kohlberg’s theory which is only based on male prejudice and his studies are of typically male dominant with general rules and rights.

She recommends that men are always more interested in resolving moral dilemmas by applying most important moral set of laws. But women always want to keep the personal relationship primary with all those involved in a situation and they always give consideration only on the conditions responsible for that serious condition and not on general moral rules.

She also utters that Kohlberg’s
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As per Gilligan’s theory and Kohlberg’s theory, moral autonomy should be consistent with context-oriented and also with an awareness of general moral principles and rights.

2.9.1 DIFFERENCE BETWEEN KOHLBERG AND GILLIGAN THEORIES

Basis KOHLBERG GILLIGAN
1
Purpose This theory cater ethical issues regarding rules and rights In this theory Ethical issues are raised regarding care
2
Suitability Studies based on well educated, white male are only, tending male bias. Studies included females and colored peoples
3 Application Application of abstract rules ranked in the order of importance Application of context-oriented reasoning.
4 Conclusion Studies were hypothesized for both the genders even though the study was conducted mostly on males Study was conducted on both genders and it was found, men based their reasoning on ‘justice’ and women based theirs on ‘care’

2.10 CONSENSUS AND
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Hence the authority and autonomy are compatible. On the other hand, stress arises between the needs for autonomy and the need for concerns about authority. The difference between the two should be discussed openly to resolve the issue to the common good.

As per the principle of tolerance, the goal of teaching engineering ethics is not merely producing an agreed conformity on applying moral principles among engineers but also to reveal the ways of promoting tolerances to apply moral autonomy. Both the goals of engineering ethics and the goals of engineering courses have some similarities. These similarities have to be extended with the help of exercising authority. For example, in the class room, the teachers are having the authority over students and in the work place; the managers are having the authority over engineers.

There are two general points regarding the relationship between autonomy and authority with reference to the class

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