Diseases of the urinary tract blockages such as stones, tumors, and also causes narrowing of the kidney failure. Kidney failure can also be caused by autoimmune disorders, such as lupus erythematosus. Of the many types of disease-causing, most causes of diabetes mellitus. According to Budiman, 45 percent of sufferers of kidney failure caused by diabetes mellitus, 28 percent by high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis by 9 percent, and 18 percent of other
To use a dialysis machine a tube is inserted into the bloodstream of a patient allowing blood to enter the machine. As shown in Diagram 3, once in the machine the blood flows through tubes and into the dialyzer composed of a semi-porous membrane which works similar to a glomerulus. Blood cells, proteins and other large particles are prevented from passing though while waste products such as urea and salts flow through and are absorbed by sterilised solution called dialysate and are washed away. Dialysate is composed of acidified solution, bicarbonate and purified water. The treated blood is then returned into the bloodstream of the patient.
Renal Failure Treatment What happened when the kidneys fail to function? The normal kidney removes the wastes and harmful material in the body by making urine. When the kidneys fail, wastes and extra fluids accumulate in the blood. There are other numerous symptoms accompany with kidney failure such as nausea, trouble sleeping, poor appetite, trouble breathing, swelling of the feet or ankles, puffiness around the eyes and so on. The treatment is required with the aid of a specialist who helps to decide which treatment is efficient and when the time to start the treatment.
4. Kidney Cysts Cysts are fluid-filled sacs. Kidney cysts are of two types: • Polycystic kidney disease tends to run in families. Cysts take over normal tissues and cause the kidneys to enlarge and work poorly. This eventually leads to kidney failure.
The tonsils, spleen thymus, and liver make up this system. The digestive system and the lymphatic system both produce liquid substances which consist of nutrients and the removal of waste. Since the circulatory system transports blood around the body there needs to be a system which removes waste material which is where the lymphatic system comes in. Absorbed unwanted materials get absorbed by muscles in which the lumph picks these materials and gets it towards the lymph nodes. At this point the material gets
Treatments for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Early diagnosis of a thoracic aneurysm is critical to managing the condition. The larger the thoracic aortic aneurysm, or the faster it grows, the more likely it is to rupture. The risk of rupture increases when the aneurysm is larger than about twice the normal diameter of a healthy aorta blood vessel. As I said awhile ago there is no symptoms so diagnosing with thoracic aneurysm is very difficult, and often the condition goes undiagnosed until a rupture occurs. If a thoracic aortic aneurysm is suspected, your physician may order the following tests: • Chest x-ray • Computed tomography (CT) scan • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) • Echocardiography (an ultrasound of the heart) • Abdominal ultrasound
(Teachpe,2017). Maintaining body temperature. Destroys toxins from the body such as acids. (Ivy rose,2003) Blood vessels Definition A blood vessel is a vessel in a human’s body in which blood circulates, Arteries carry the blood away from the heart and the very small branches are the Arterioles. The venules collect the blood from different organs, they unite to form veins.
Definition of Liver Cirrhosis Cirrhosis is a complication of many liver diseases characterized by abnormal structure and function of the liver. The diseases that lead to cirrhosis do so because they injure and kill liver cells, after which the inflammation and repair that is associated with the dying liver cells causes scar tissue to form. The liver cells that do not die multiply in an attempt to replace the cells that have died. This results in clusters of newly-formed liver cells within the scar tissue. There are many causes of cirrhosis including chemicals (such as alcohol, fat, and certain medications), viruses toxic metals (such as iron and copper that accumulate in the liver as a result of genetic diseases).
Intestinal ischemia Overview: Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood vessels that flow bowel contract or block, thereby reducing the blood supply. Ischemia can affect the small intestine or colon, or both. The reduction in blood flow can cause pain and provide permanent injury to the bowel. The acute intestinal ischemia, or quickly stopping the direct circulation to the intestine, is an emergency and requires immediate surgery; that chronic, manifested in time, but must be treated because it can turn into acute or cause severe weight loss and malnutrition. Causes: The intestinal ischemia occurs when the direct circulation to the intestine decreases or stops completely.
The loose blood clots can block the artery in the heart and become pulmonary embolism (PE). A pulmonary embolism is dangerous conditions that can lead to fatal because of blood supplies from the heart to the other parts of the body are failed. DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Deep vein thrombosis can be classified to three categories which is idiopathic, acute and chronic. Idiopathic deep vein thrombosis can characterized with usual condition acquired risk factors, such as obesity, trauma, cancer, or surgery. Acute deep vein thrombosis can be seen by pain and swelling.