Have you ever lived in a society that promised many promises but always broke them? Have you ever been lied to? Animal Farm shows how the societies and rulers oppress their citizens without the citizens realising that. It also shows how rulers will always change when they are in power and only work for their personal privilege. In Animal Farm, George Orwell argues that Napoleon has solidified his power by using fear mongering, manipulation, and scapegoating.
Napoleon has also released many chants to help rally the animals on the farm. The satire present here is that the altering of the ten commandments effectively portray how the absurd the concept is. There is no way that animals could become, “more equal” than others. In the beginning of the novel, Old Major expressed that the animals shall overcome their oppressors, but the pigs become the oppressors. Through their chants and the ten commandments, the citizens are brainwashed to believe that everything is just and fair because when the commandments and chants were first written or said, everyone was in agreement, and believed it was fair.
Had the animals questioned Napoleon, the same way that they questioned their human masters, the farm animals would have remained equal in all walks of life. Instead, the rules slowly became twisted to benefit Napoleon and his followers. Animal farm isn’t the only literary example which illustrates why one must question authority. Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury is another work of fiction which paints the picture of a not-so-far-off dystopian society governed by a totalitarian government which makes corrupt decisions for what they believe to be the better of all people. The government authorizes book burning, brainwashing, and the killing of innocent people.
We often find that it is simpler to stay hidden in the dark, rather than step out into the light. As citizens it is our responsibility to call out our leaders if they are not taking notice of what we, the people, want or need. The animals, in Animal Farm, overthrew their farmer and attempted to form a fair government, but soon became dictated to, by the pigs. The book records the evolution of tyranny to totalitarianism which became as terrible as their first situation. In Animal Farm, George Orwell illustrates that it is the responsibility of the citizens to stand up against injustice and inequality.
The small minded people follow blindly by their leaders because the people’s ignorance is easier for them to be told to do something rather than themselves to think of it on their own. For example, in the book the sheep made it easier for the pigs to take control over a large group of the farm animals. The pigs were able to easily change the commandments because the sheep were to ignorant to notice that the commandments drastically changed from what they had been before. This also reminds me of another one of James Orwell’s books, 1984, in that book the government changed the citizens vocabulary so they are socially and politically
If the other animals on the farm knew that the pigs were lying to them about the food supply they would probably rebel and question Napoleon’s leadership. He lies to the animals so that they don’t rebel and so they are content with working under Napoleon’s
This shows the tension between the tenant farmers and the authorities. In several places in The Grapes of Wrath, there are examples of this fear coming out to harm the Okies into submission. One instance of this appears when a third person narrator explains that “ the owners hated [the Okies] because the owners knew they were soft and the Okies strong, that they were fed and the Okies hungry; and perhaps the owners had heard from their grandfathers how easy it is to steal land from a soft man if you are fierce and hungry and armed. The owners hated them,” (Steinbeck, 300). This awareness of the potential threat brought with the Okies and other farmers was a large source of the persecution shown to the lower class in 1930’s California.
Napoleon is taking the easy way out by being lazy and having everything handed to him from his peers which was promised to never happen before the revolt. The animals have forgotten their purpose, and destiny already they are too involved in getting brainwashed by Napoleon. This is an example of Orwell’s philosophy because slowly as time progress Napoleon is getting more power and becoming the new tyrant to replace jones but still act similar to him. As the story progress further Napoleon has most to all power while the animals have little to none. However, the other animals are starting to realize how controlled they are and it feels just as if Jones is still there.
They cannot let them rebel or strike or it will spell the end of all they know. Furthermore, the landowners and bank owners fear the Okies because of their massive population size; they have the power to overpower them. “Okies-the owners hated them because the owners knew they were soft and the Okies strong, that they were fed and the Okies hungry; and perhaps the owners had heard from their grandfathers how easy it is to steal land from a soft man if you are fierce and hungry and armed. The owners hated them.” (Steinbeck 279). The owners and banks know that the only way to keep them from rebelling is to stomp on them, separate them and ensure they are always hungry and without a home.
As a matter of fact, Napoleon showed us a monarchy type of government when he took over Manor Farm. A monarchy is when one person reigns until death. This can be related to Joseph Stalin the dictator of the Union of Soviet Social Republics (USSR) because he was seen to be a cruel leader who eliminated anybody who got in his way. By way of example, Napoleon used this same tactic to overrule the farm and the animals with his nine frightening dogs. The animals went along with all the things he said but disagreed at times until Squealer manipulated their minds into thinking Napoleon was a good leader.
Some of the faculty members didn’t really enjoy Carver’s presence, and thought he didn’t deserve the things he received. Carver was in control of the Agricultural experiment station farms. Carver made money for institute by selling farm produce. Carver didn’t enjoy some of his work, though and even complained to the institute that the letter writing and actual work is just too much. In the year 1904, Carver was reported for “lying” about produce from the chickens, and was talked to by Booker T. Washington about the issue.