The functional spillover suggests that the union in one economic sector will affect integration in other similar fields in order for them to function together properly. For example, transportation is central to the integration of coal and steel sectors in order for it to function smoothly. Thus transport policies are established to ensure rapid mobilization of necessary raw materials. Political Spillover refers to the political pressures that are exerted by national elites and will stimulate more integration. In a political spillover, certain interest groups will be making efforts to pursue their interests.
Into the bargain, imperialism which refers to a country that increases its power and wealth by bringing additional territories under its control. Before world war 1, Africa and parts of Asia were points of contentions among the European countries. Because of the raw materials these areas could provide, tensions along these areas ran high. The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation that helped to push the world into world
Critique of clash of civilization WVLS 313 17-Apr-15 N .MKIZE 23684879 The theory of clash of civilization The clash of civilization is a theory by Samuel Huntington which states that peoples cultural and religion identities are the root source of conflict in the post-cold war. Clash of civilization is a theory referencing the clash of cultures ( Choeung.slide share).according to Huntington ( 1996,p84) “the most pervasive, important, and dangerous conflicts will not be between social classes, rich, poor, or other economically defined groups, but between peoples belonging to different cultural entities” . Huntington also states that conflicts between civilizations are likely to be caused by religious means. And this is to the fact that civilizations are distinguished from other culture through history, language, culture and most important religion (Huntington, 1993, 25). Huntington states that people’s culture and religion will be the main cause of conflict from onward.
“How militarism, nationalism and imperialism contribituted to the outbreak of World War One.” World War I was the result of an increase in military power, national pride and imperialism. Aggressive nationalism was partly responsible for World War I. The love of one’s country demanded the hatred of another country. European leaders ' aggression towards other countries was supported by the increasing nationalism of the European nations.Imperial and Economic competition and fear of war encouraged military alliances and an arms and navy race, all of which contributed to the outbreak of war. Another factor that contributed to the outbreak of World War I was the ever-rising militarism in Europe.
It is first imparitive to acknowledge conflict as a natural occurrence in any relationship; on the other hand, conflict is still able to vary in severity, frequency, and outcome. Outcome is the major factor of interest in the research provided by Dunleavy et al. (2009), as a result of the distinctive increase in divorce as a means to terminating marriage relationships within the United States at a heightened level. Conflict has the opportunity to intensify relationships, if the two individuals allow for a positive reaction to occur. Conflict that is managed well can further the development of healthy relationships, offer positive relational growth, and can lead to new forms of sharing,
(1992). Wendt applies social constructivism to international relations and proclaims that how states treat each other has been based on past experiences with each other. Thus, social constructivists such as Alexandar Wendt would argue that if Israel and its Arab neighbours take the appropriate steps to ease tensions, the animosity between these states would end. Liberals would see the various attempts at peace by Israel and Arab nations as a positive sign that peace is possible. They would argue that consciption is unnecssary for Israel.
As the states become weaker, nationalism become stronger (Tamman, “Globalisation”). Furthermore, in this globalised world, nationalists have the tendency to be proud of the achievements of their nations. Globalization generates competition between nation-states (Van Campe: 6). In addition to the impact of globalization, migration also poses a threat. It mixes cultures, which causes the emergence of multicultural societies within nation-states.
The next strategy is to attack his relationship and alliances with other nations. According to the website of Dictionary.com, alliances refer to the act of allying or state of being allied in which a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes. In simplest way to explain, it means cooperative relation with other nation. Obviously, this strategic attack is mainly focus on attacking the relationship and breaking off the friendship of the enemies and yet building closer relationship with other nation in order to gain alliances. Based on the theory given by Sun Tzu, it said that one of the best strategies is to attack the enemy’s relationship and make alliance-relationship with other nations.
What a tempting opportunity for any irresponsible leader of government! History and the headlines are loaded with such opportunities and the leaders who capitalize on them. Out of the weaknesses of individuals, governments justify and construct new warfare. War becomes a tool: loyalty can be assured, imagined threats can be inflated into seeming realities, and promises of safety can become magnets for the weak. Across the whole human world, we find societies which seem to have built the process of war-traumatization into their systems.
What effect are they likely to have on the future? These questions will be answered during this essay. The role of nationalism in the twentieth century throughout history has played a big role in many of the situations that have shaped the world, in the twentieth century. In the twentieth century it can be characterized by three distinct phases: Sabotage Nationalism, Aggressive Nationalism and Modern Nationalism. Sabotage nationalism is the thought or the idea that the nation will be benefited from working independently rather than collectively, and it makes people work together to achieve success, and there is a view to have a national independence, in a country under foreign domination.