The range of possible interpretations of the original text is narrowed when translated by a secondary source who imposes their own perceptions of the piece into the translation. The reader, having the unfortunate disadvantage of not being able to read in French, loses the opportunity to interpret Hugo 's intentions with their own experiences to create a more personal meaning. This phenomenon
The most brilliant controversial works of art are often banned and kept hidden from the lives of young children, adolescences and sometimes adults. Mark Twain’s notorious ‘Huckleberry Finn’ uses literature as an incredible tool in addressing certain aspects of the society. This provokes a troubling yet satisfying tension between the reader and the narrator. Mark Twain represents the societal crisis, racism, in a factious novel by illustrating the issue of racism in a way that portrays reality as infinitely more horrifying.
The fictional world is full of chaos, as people tend to prefer unstable theories to countless philosophies. Specifically, there is a literary shift from linearity and order to randomness and fragmentation. Consequently, Postmodernist writers understand that their works are subject to interpretation; however, they believe that the flexibility of understanding in texts is the basis for the development of innovative ideas in society. Moreover, Kurt Dinan writes in a nonlinear, flexible fashion by writing with a component of Mystery. Subsequently, the reader can make different predictions on what will occur throughout Don’t Get Caught, and the ability to predict and analyze uniquely is one of the principal ideals of Postmodernist literature.
Laila Halaby, Alameddine and Ali Yunis do not really lend themselves to such categorizations. In their narratives, they all display cosmopolitan or hybrid characters. Their novels suggest a different kind of reading and they solely aim at creating new modes of discourse in opposition to the Orientalist discourse. Their fiction is less nostalgic, yet emphasizing intercultural mobility. Their conceptualization of home is fluid, and thus, they show willingness to embrace different cultures.
Lipika Chandrashekar Professor K. Jamie Woodlief LIT 165 February 23, 2018 Kate Chopin and Adrienne Rich: Freedom Versus Oppression and Gender Struggle “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin and “Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers” by Adrienne Rich are works based on the main idea of the plight of women in a male-dominated world in their respective time periods and their struggle to get their freedom. They were written during a time when women were controlled by some male authority figure through every stage of their life, starting from their father at birth and eventually by their husbands after their marriage. Although they are essentially based on the same theme, the portrayal of the theme is different in both. While Chopin’s short story gives a woman hope to be free from the confinement of her marriage, Rich’s poem shows a woman dreaming about the freedom she knows she will never get, through the tigers in her tapestry.
However, we can perceive from the beginning of the poem what the theme is about. Prior to the Civil War which begun in 1861, there were almost four million black slaves located in America. Slaves would work for free in terrible living situations; they were put together in one place to sleep, usually in wooden shacks. They were given only two sets of clothing to wear for an entire year. Also, the slaves were beaten and tortured by their masters without having the right to defend themselves.
What is deconstruction in literature? According to Merriam Webster, a deconstructionist literary criticism is a “philosophical or critical method which asserts that meanings, metaphysical constructs, and hierarchical are always rendered unstable by their dependence on ultimately arbitrary signifiers” (Merriam). In other words, a deconstructionist literary criticism looks at the book as a whole and deconstructs the pieces of the novel and how they may seem unstable when compared to the whole meaning. This mindset is exhibited in that of The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka. Franz Kafka leaves many aspects of the novel unexplained and he includes details that are unstable to the meaning of the novel as a whole.
Heroism came to be a debatable topic in analysis of postmodern literature because of the arguable diversity between the novels. However, it’s sole purpose was not just to entertain, but like most art, for the author to express themselves in a way they haven’t been able to. As a result, Catch-22 presents Yossarian as an anti-hero used by its author, Joseph Heller, to introduce his opinion on war, war heroes and the current social status of the United States. The altered perception of heroism, believed to be present in only some works of postmodern literature, is used to convey the author’s state of mind to the reader in an
The reason it structured like this was for the reader to get different versions of the story from different characters. This is why it's called a story within a story. In the novel it states,” We are unfashioned creatures, but half made up, if one wiser, better, dearer than ourselves such a friend ought to be do not lend his aid to perfectionate our weak and faulty natures. (Shelley, 14) This is Walton showing similar feelings the creature had.
While an outright rejection of the ability of literature to identify universal human desires and unite us according to these desires would be difficult to uphold, literature also has the potential to draw our attention to deep-seated differences and divisions that make claims of universality problematic. In a sense, even readers of a work of literature who have different and even clashing views of that work can be brought together into a kind of community to discuss and attempt to resolve the divisions and different viewpoints that a work of literature bring to light. For instance, literature that has evoked debates about censorship draw attention to significant differences between readers, as some argue that censoring a book is a violation of the fundamental right of free speech, while others assert that language that is hurtful and offensive to some should not be published or read by students in school. Mark Twain’s novel "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" is a pertinent example of an instance where censorship has divided readers because of its use of racial slurs. Differing positions on whether or not the book itself is racist because of its use of racial slurs or if it uses this language to draw attention to the racism of the time has long divided readers, indicating that while there may be a common desire for readers to feel a sense of belonging and community in the
Is America 's past an account of partiality, sexism, and obsession? Is it the story of the achievement and strike of a territory? Is U.S. history the story of white slave proprietors who twisted the representative methodology for their own specific favorable circumstances? Did America start with Columbus ' executing of the significant number of Indians, bounce to Jim Crow laws and Rockefeller pummeling the workers, then finally save itself with Franklin Roosevelt 's New Course of action? The answers, clearly, are no, no, no, and NO.One may never know this, regardless, by looking standard U.S. history perusing material.
Gan is the narrator of Octavia Butler’s science fiction “Bloodchild.” He is a teenage boy who lives on an alien planet that his ancestors settled on due to persecution. The Tlics are the main residents of this planet. They are big insect-like beings that need live hosts for their parasitic young. T’Gatoi is one of them.
Lilith as a Challenge to the Stereotypical Notions of Motherhood In Octavia Butler’s “Dawn” the protagonist Lilith serves as a mother figure in a variety of ways. Lilith is one of the few humans that have survived a nuclear war, and has been rescued by an alien race named the “Oankali.” These mysterious aliens have elected Lilith to lead the first group of humans in their return to Earth. In “Dawn” Lilith is both a literal mother to a deceased son Ayre, and a metaphorical mother to both a young boy named Sharad, and the group of humans.