John Calvin had many people who followed him and agreed with his reformation on the church so he called them Calvinists. Calvinists broke with the Roman Catholic Church, but were different from the Lutherans. In 1536, John Calvin wrote a book, which was about how he believed the Protestant church should be managed. He believed in hard work, discipline, honesty and morality but had fines for swearing, fighting, dancing or laughing in church. He closed theatres and frowned on fancy dresses.
The rise of Protestantism started in the 16th century due to recognition of the Catholic Church abuses. Martin Luther, a protestant reformer, spoke out against the church by hanging up the 95 theses that focused on the concept of reading the bible alone and faith alone. As the rise of awareness of these abuses increased, more reformers broke away from the church, and Europe was divided by religion. John Calvin was also a reformer that started the popular religion of predestination:Calvinism. The dramatic change was evident because pre 15th century, it was a Catholic country and the religion ruled the land.
“She must have caught me gazing at our picture of the Good Shepherd, talking to his lambs. Beside him hung the required portrait of El Jefe, touched up to make him look better than he was.” The Catholic Church represents Western Ideology in the time of the cold war, they actively fought against the Communists even at the expense of the innocent and truth, in the many other cases like this one in the Dominican Republic. Painting an illegitimate figure into the society of those faithful should dilute the organization’s worthiness of claiming a connection to the higher power. However, the Catholic Church isn’t weakened, it has remained in its high state of power even after false prophets and manipulation. With this in mind it 's a subtle hint to question if our blind faith is truly legitimate in the eyes of a monotheistic entity.
The Church The church during the protestant reformation, a religious movement that took place in Western Europe in the 16 century, was very powerful both spiritually and politically. Back in the 16 century, there was only one church in which had become by that time extremely involved with political life. The church was recognized as a establishment that has been unceasingly harassed by internal power struggles that on one point it was ruled by 3 popes at the same time. Consequently, the political struggles and the church’s increasing power and wealth contributed to the collapse of the church. The abuses where mostly involved with money since the church was a very wealthy organization.
James II was a born and raised in France which was strictly catholic and where the King had absolute control over anything and everything. When he was brought to England to rule, the people saw him as a radical leader. He ignores parliament and made the country completely catholic and basically did what he wanted to do. England at the time did respect many religions throughout its people and when the King made decisions, they would have to go through parliament before they were finalized. The people saw this Leader come in and completely disregard all English customs and ways of government and viewed James II as a harsh and out of touch leader who pushed Catholicism onto England.
They can be their on leaders, by owning and reading the Book of God. This changed the political structure of the society, the Holy Emperor lost its strong control. He challenged and influenced all scholars and artist of his time and whole Europe went through drastic changes. Early capitalism was born and science developed. One of his biggest achievement and contribution was the translated German Bible, which was published in 1534.
England however, was facing hardships with religion. King Henry VIII firmly was against the protestant Church, but he had wanted a divorce with Catherine of Aragon (Ellis 252). However, the Catholic Church did not allow for a divorce, and instead, gave an option to kill her instead. Furious that the Church, he took the English Churches from the Pope’s power and made himself the supreme leader of the church (Ellis 252). After King Henry VIII’s death, the protestant religion surfaced in England and only had gained traction in 1558 when Elizabeth was appointed the Queen of England.
“This is why I ordered the Saracens and other heathens that they shed your blood and take many of you prisoners.” A major component of Closener’s Chronicle was the philosophical disagreement between some priests and clergy, and the Flagellants. Near the beginning of their movement, the Flagellants had the support of the people over Church representatives, but this didn’t remain the case. The Flagellants likely wanted to turn the people against Church, and have more followers of their
Even the Byzantine Emperor, who was an Orthodox and not a Catholic, desperately begged him for aid during a chaotic state of emergency, when the Seljuk Turks overran Asia Minor or Anatolia. This sparked a series of controversial Crusades in Europe and the Middle East. The Pope held direct control of the Western Church. Harming any member of the clergy could land the assailant in death, unless he or she had a good alibi. Such excuses could include claims of corruption and the like.
Jesuit Priest Henry Garnet concealed knowledge of the conspiracy and became the great "equivocator" before he was hanged. Father Garnet wrote A Treatise of Equivocation to tell Catholics how to conceal their faith (Trial). Shakespeare alludes to Father Garnet in Macbeth with the Porter. The Porter drunkenly speaks of the people who will greet you at the gates of hell, "Faith, here's an equivocator/that could swear in both the scales against either scale..." (Shakespeare II.ii. 7-8) Father Garnet also insisted he lied for the conspirators for God's sake, to which the Porter speaks of also in Macbeth (Huntley).The Porter describes the equivocator, "Who committed treason enough for God's sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven.
Prior to 1550, the European continent was dominated by Catholicism and had been for centuries. However, Protestantism first introduced by Martin Luther had begun to make inroads in the Holy Roman Empire and Nordic countries. Despite the growing popularity of these new religions, the majority of monarchs saw religious diversity as a weakness. Instead, most rulers pursued Religious uniformity to ensure political stability and strength. Examples of monarchs attempting to achieve religious university abound from Charles V in the Holy Roman Empire and Spain, to Rome, and to England.
John angered the barons because he tried to keep the power that past kings had enjoyed. In 1209, he was excommunicated from the church following an argument with Pope Innocent III and then returned to England where he faced a rebellion from lot of his barons, who were unhappy with many of his policies and the way he treated many of England 's most powerful nobles. They then forced John to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. The Magna Carta is a peace charter and gave the barons more power. The charter has 63 clauses.
101) Boucher had many unpersuasive arguments. He believed the king’s power came from God. He would tell colonist they were disobedient to God, and rebelling against him. Boucher had to move back to England because of the amount of death threats he was receiving for opposing the revolution. The arguments of Paine were more appealing to eighteenth century readers who were unsure because the colonist were becoming educated.
More gained fame from his publication and gained the attention of King Henry VIII. He became councillor to the king and later, Lord High Chancellor of England. He opposed the Protestant Reformation and Martin Luther 's theology, believing they were dangerous to the Catholic Church and to society as a whole. He often times debated with Martin Luther on the king 's behalf. He could not support the king, however, in his decision to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
Likewise, King Henry VIII triggered the new branch from lutheranism called anglican, and the church called The Anglican Church which still lives to this day. He also paved way to a new reformed branch called the puritans, which were concerned of purifying the english church of any catholic influence left. This also resulted in many succession issues as the successors to the throne were catholic and protestants. Also many wars between the branches sprung from there. Whilst they had different initial reasons and they had carried out different actions in order to reform Christianity, they had come to create different branches and set into action the forever going changes in that