What was the significance of the conflict between Philip IV and Boniface VIII: The struggle for authority between Pope Boniface the 7th and Philip the 4th isn't the first time we have seen breach in the bond between the HRE and the Pope. Fredrick Barbarossa and his son both had quarrels with Popes. And it normally starts with the HRE getting the idea that the state should rule the church and they usually break all sorts of rules out of desperation. As we see Philip began to tax the church estates and the clergy because he could not keep up with England in the war. However it really started when Boniface declared that anyone who payed the tax was instantly excommunicated.
He then requests the Pope nullify the marriage and grant them a divorce. Pope Clement VII, did not want to upset his powerful ally in Catholic Spain and refused to grant Henry his divorce. Henry is insulted by the Pope's decision and decrees England will no longer follow the Catholic Church and makes the new state religion Anglicanism. This protestant branch of christianity is catholic in all but name, where the head of the church who speaks with God’s authority is The
He did not want to follow the rule of anti-Anglican religious separatists. In 1620, Billington insulted Miles Standish (the colony’s military adviser) by challenging his authority. John Billington was then sentenced to public humiliation -- his hands and feet were tied together. Years went on and the Billington’s continued to lead their reckless lives in the colony. In 1626 the colonists gained full ownership of the plantation.
No, not to live. O nation miserable! With an untitled tyrant bloody-scepter 'd, When shalt thou see thy wholesome days again, Since that the truest issue of thy throne/By his own interdiction stands accursed, And does blaspheme his breed?”(4.3.116-122) His tyranny makes those who once served him contemplate killing him, and he is unloved by his subordinates. “This tyrant, whose sole name blisters our toungues”(4.3.14) Malcolm, who once respected him and served him, is irritated by Macbeth’s name and bearing of title. He is referred to as “the tyrant”(5.6.8) and as “angry god”(4.3.19) many times until the end of the play.
Peter would then take the throne, and would be known as Peter III. Their marriage, however, didn’t get any better. It only continued to get worse. Not only was Peter proving to be a terrible husband, he also seemed to be a terrible ruler as well. He was succeeding in making many of his own people his enemies.
“Almost as frightening for the citizens was the uncertainty: as the laws changed, so there were more crimes” (Hunt 63). The crime in France rose extremely high because of the state that the country was in during this time period. People were afraid for their lives not only from the revolution and the unknowing of the future, but that their own countrymen were committing crimes against their own people.France near the end of the revolution was in complete shambles. The French people were in dire need of a leader, although they had overthrown their government they quickly realized that they were extremely worse off post revolt. Napoleon Bonaparte knew that this was the perfect time to seize control of
Diocletian also tore apart Christianity because he did not feel it to be right to abandon the ancient religion. Diocletian also put much stress on rich and poor as his reforms carried high costs. All of these factors are what caused Rome to fall.
Social instability was a great struggle within Europe. The lack of social strength within the public led the Hundred Years War, by bringing forth the tragic past of the great famine, revolts, violence, and unrest between various individuals that caused a sense of disunity and lack of control. In time, this social turmoil migrated to the monarchs, Philip VI of Gascony and King Edward III and caused disagreements on ideas and personality confrontation, which triggered distress. This social upheaval from past tragedies instigated the need for plunder and territorial gain and the need to follow the rulers. However, the main causes of the outbreak evolved from territorial, successional, and social disputes.
The aforementioned international factors had great impact towards the start of the war. The treaty of Versailles caused the population to become poverty stricken, unsatisfied, and unhappy with their lives. This, in turn, led to a climate that cultivated leaders such as Hitler. After this, the Failure of the League of Nations simply gave more momentum to to the rising leader of Germany. Finally, the Munich Agreement and its failed appeasement of Hitler, gave him the territory and power necessary to catapult all countries into the beginning of the war.
The weight of blame on the Christians for starting the fire only added insult to injury. There were many excuses as to why Romans scorned the Christians, such as misconceptions. The people of Rome did not understand the practices of the believers in Christ, and thus believed the only solution of the matter was to reject the latter from society. Another reason why Rome generally tended to persecute Christians was because Rome had a religion of their own, and the refusal of participation from the Christians vexed Romans. They sensed treason, and evicted Christians from the friendly treatment the should have been granted.
The main cause of King Charles death was that he was consuming too much power, raising taxes unreasonably, ignoring the Parliament and imprisoning those who did not pay up. Charles believed in the divine right of kings and thought he could govern according to his conscience. Charles ' problems revolved around religion and a lack of money. The disagreement between Charles ' and Parliament has been going on for several of years. Many of his subjects opposed his policies, and would charge unreasonable taxes without the Parliaments consent and would recognize his actions as those of a tyrannical absolute monarch.
Also the barons would have been seen as undreaming the king’s power and authority. Henry took control of the situation by demolishing the illegal castles built in Stephens’s reign the barons saw this as an attack on baronial power but the king was asserting his authority and keeping the barons on a tight leash to prevent them from becoming too powerful. Furthermore Henry had the problem of resolving the splits in the country which had caused confusion. During Stephens reign there were resentments from supporters. Henry had to regain the support of his people as he would not have been able to
John refused and in April 1204, Philip Augustus began to prepare for more attacks on John 's land; it was decreed that John had defied a feudal superior, so was no longer entitled to his lands. John 's marriage to Isabella was highly controversial, and made John a great deal of enemies in France. For this reason, it could be argued that John was to blame for the loss of Normandy, due to the fact that he would have been fully aware of Isabella 's betrothal to Hugh le Brun, and had the chance, which he did not take, to resolve matters with Hugh by meeting with Philip Augustus. In fact, many historians may hold the view that John 's stubbornness and undiplomatic nature had a huge part to play in the loss of Normandy, and that 'John made errors in refusing to attend Philip 's court. ' (Dicken, Holland &
As an immediate result of Marc Antony’s funeral oration, Rome is steered into a state of anarchy. With the loss of their leader leaving them vulnerable, the plebeians falls victim to Antony’s engagement of rhetoric and are greatly stirred by his speech. Despite their commendation of Brutus just moments before, they are easily pit against him through Antony’s words and feel morally compelled to revolt against the conspirators in the name of Caesar. This frenzy escalates rapidly and the anger towards the conspirators grows so large to the point where the plebeians will penalize anybody who bears a slight similarity to them. For instance, two plebeians encounter a poet and, after besieging him with a slew of questions, discover that he shares