King Leopold should be held accountable for his actions in the Congo because he caused a genocide and massacred half of the population. Some people say that Leopold II’s action in the Congo Free State cannot be viewed as crime, because they were typical of the Europeans’ actions in their colonies. But, the treaty that was made by the powerful countries during that time clearly stated that they believed Africans should be treated as people, and that they should be provided with food, shelter, education, etc. King Leopold ignored these terms and was using the Congo only to increase his wealth, rather then provide for the people of
Thoe Europe was imperialising africa so was Germany, Portugal, France, Britain, and other countries. The rise of the industry during the Industrial Revolution contributed to imperialism by giving Europe more reasons to invent and control other nations. Europe used imperialism to be the stronger nation and wealthier nation. Europe was taking over Africa for political reasons. The reasons for political was that if you have more land then you 'll have more men for battle and more power.
King Leopold of Belgium was unhappy with his native land and the role he played within his kingdom, as other European powers grew their colonial empires all over the globe, King Leopold sought out for his own. When searching, King Leopold had explorer Henry Morton Stanley look for land, in which he would claim the region known as the Congo. Due to the Belgium government and people caring very little about the Congo, the region would become the Kings personal colony. Much how King Leopold eagerly searched for land, Davidson’s film describes the time period known as the “scramble of Africa” were European countries were claiming as much land in Africa as they could. The Berlin Congress in 1884 was a European compromise in the “slicing” up of African
King Leopold II of Belgium Many saw King Leopold II of Belgium as an amazing King who was known as the “Builder King.” Despite this, many people saw Leopold II as a genocidal maniac who was responsible for killing millions of people. This begs the question, who was King Leopold II and what did he do to gain these reputations. Leopold Lodewijk Filips Maria Victor was born in Brussels on 9 April 1835. He was the second child of the then Belgian King, Leopold the first and Queen Louise of Òrleans. He was the first cousin of Queen Victoria, who is also in the same royal house as the then royal family of the United Kingdom.
King Leopold claimed his interest in the Congo was motivated by the desire to extend the benefits of European civilization to Africa. This ideology is referred to as the civilizing mission- the belief that it is Europeans duty and responsibility to bring forth civilization to non-European nations. Leopold hoped to achieve this by establishing trade relations for which the people of the Congo and Belgium could benefit. For his humanitarian efforts, he received support from other European nations as this justification was integral to European imperialism. The ideology of the civilized mission can be seen in a letter from King Leopold in which it states, “The aim is to regenerate races whose degradation and misfortune is hard to realize.
The social power women had in the short term, and the economy up until now. A passage of the Conquest, Conflict, and Commerce text from the Watson Institute reveals how the Congolese population fell by “nearly 50%” after colonization. Death transpired in any number of ways, ranging from being executed and “dying in battles of resistance”, to “overwork and famine”. Undoubtedly, the people of Congo suffered drastically from colonization. Though Congo did eventually gain independence in 1960, the effects of its occupancy can still be felt today.
DBQ Essay – What Drove the Sugar Trade? Beginning in the late 1600s and continuing through the 1700s the demand for sugar became incredibly high due to its addictive qualities. To supply the consumers with sugar they were craving, wealthy Europeans established sugar plantations throughout the Caribbean and built a thriving slave industry, so their need for cheap labor could be satisfied. Sugar consumption increased from 4.6lbs to 16.2lbs per capita annually from 1700 to 1770 due to the increasing addiction of the consumers. The manufacturers were faced with maintaining a high crop yield, but luckily the Caribbean islands provided an ideal location for growing cane sugar.
Slavery for both regions and time periods was used for the same reason: to make a person of higher status wealthier. Modern day slavery becomes a larger issue as modernization progresses rapidly in this technological world, since most sources of large companies’ demands come from slave labor. Therefore, what is regarded as beautiful fabric and a basic human necessity today may in reality be the masked up tears of an enslaved child. However, there are also solutions to stop the criminal acts of enslavement. The most effective solution to end modern day slavery is by spreading awareness to people who have the most power and influence regarding this issue: politicians and government officials (Bales).
It is suggested that he believes the interconnection of the justifiable acts of Christianity with the wellbeing of his state is critical in keeping the Kongo Kingdom name alive. However, there is a strong implication that Afonso views slave trade as situational, because he regards the Portuguese officials caught with free men with no punishment but rather states that he does not want them offended. The second letter focuses on the trade’s expansion into kidnapping more and more “noblemen and sons of noblemen”. His stance against the trade has noticeably intensified and shows greater frustration as he results to harsher descriptions of the merchants as beasts, who seized free men in order to “satisfy their voracious appetite…” and ironed and branded these captives. This is most likely due to the fact that the lines of men entering slavery were being blurred.
People who share a common history should create an independent nation. In Cecil Rhodes “Confession of Faith,” the imperialist author his views and preferences on nationalism. During this time period, Africa was in a state where it could be taken over by Britain, due to the lack of a strong government. Rhodes envisions this opportunity “to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory.” This act is the result of imperialism, but not nationalism. Rhodes’s biased thoughts about nationalism are expressed when “[he] thinks that we all think that poverty is better under our own flag than wear under a foreign one.” Under nationalism, land can be thought as “locked” to one territory, under a government formed by similar people.