The reason Europe imperialised is due to their crave for power and wealth. Europe imperialised Africa because they could mine for diamonds, gold, iron, silver, etc… Europe aswell imperialised to have power and control. Europe aswell though they were a superior race then the Africans, so they decided to enslave the Africans due to them being superior. Europe aswell used imperialism to explore other areas and such. Thoe Europe was imperialising africa so was Germany, Portugal, France, Britain, and other countries.
King Leopold of Belgium was unhappy with his native land and the role he played within his kingdom, as other European powers grew their colonial empires all over the globe, King Leopold sought out for his own. When searching, King Leopold had explorer Henry Morton Stanley look for land, in which he would claim the region known as the Congo. Due to the Belgium government and people caring very little about the Congo, the region would become the Kings personal colony. Much how King Leopold eagerly searched for land, Davidson’s film describes the time period known as the “scramble of Africa” were European countries were claiming as much land in Africa as they could. The Berlin Congress in 1884 was a European compromise in the “slicing” up of African
His “Congo Free State” was legally recognized, allowing him full access to the African whilst hiding under false intentions of humanitarianism. With the control he now had, King Leopold was able to exploit Africa and instituted what one can only describe as a reign of terror. When the other European powers became aware of the dark motives behind his actions, they met in Berlin to sign the Berlin Act, which allowed these nations to claim any part of Africa with physical control. At first this led to placidity between nations. However, the scramble for Africa fueled the rivalry to come.
The effects of British colonization were permanent, embossed into ideals of Nigeria manifest in its present day condition. Britain’s indirect rule of Nigeria intensified the conflicts and only promoted a lack of unity between the north and south; British colonizers cultivated great wealth in South Nigeria due to the Niger River and the control of palm oil trade by the Royal Niger Company, while in North Nigeria, the Sokoto Caliphate ruled over the region, often engaging in warfare with other kingdoms and conducting slave raids. Thus, when independence finally came to Nigeria, these vast disparities left behind a country fragmented into cultural, ethnic, and economical strata. (Nigeria, Mount Holyoke
Imperialism is the economic and political domination of a strong nation over a weaker nation. New imperialism was motivated by the second Industrial Revolution and by the competition in Europe, as many nations wanted to be viewed as powerful. New imperialism focused on trade in Africa and Asia. Europe had economic interest and needed raw materials for factories. This lead to the Europeans to force colonies to send all their raw materials back to them.
People who share a common history should create an independent nation. In Cecil Rhodes “Confession of Faith,” the imperialist author his views and preferences on nationalism. During this time period, Africa was in a state where it could be taken over by Britain, due to the lack of a strong government. Rhodes envisions this opportunity “to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory.” This act is the result of imperialism, but not nationalism. Rhodes’s biased thoughts about nationalism are expressed when “[he] thinks that we all think that poverty is better under our own flag than wear under a foreign one.” Under nationalism, land can be thought as “locked” to one territory, under a government formed by similar people.
King Leopold claimed his interest in the Congo was motivated by the desire to extend the benefits of European civilization to Africa. This ideology is referred to as the civilizing mission- the belief that it is Europeans duty and responsibility to bring forth civilization to non-European nations. Leopold hoped to achieve this by establishing trade relations for which the people of the Congo and Belgium could benefit. For his humanitarian efforts, he received support from other European nations as this justification was integral to European imperialism. The ideology of the civilized mission can be seen in a letter from King Leopold in which it states, “The aim is to regenerate races whose degradation and misfortune is hard to realize.
Imperialism had existed since the beginning of time but exploded again in the late 19th century. Countries sought to acquire and conquer new territory and outcompete their enemies. Imperialistic strategies involved asserting dominance over conquered areas .Successful imperialism was one where the conqueror could feed off the economy, industry, and labor of its conquest, while barely having to waist its own energy and resources. The rise of imperialism was set off by the “European scramble for African colonies,” where this intensified competitions between European nations and instilled fear in others who were behind. (647) We can see the changes in the European nations that occupied Africa and how it might have posed a threat.
King Leopold should be held accountable for his actions in the Congo because he caused a genocide and massacred half of the population. Some people say that Leopold II’s action in the Congo Free State cannot be viewed as crime, because they were typical of the Europeans’ actions in their colonies. But, the treaty that was made by the powerful countries during that time clearly stated that they believed Africans should be treated as people, and that they should be provided with food, shelter, education, etc. King Leopold ignored these terms and was using the Congo only to increase his wealth, rather then provide for the people of
King Leopold should be punished for the actions and hardship that he made the people of Congo go through, and how many lives were innocent lives were lost. Another piece of evidence that King Leopold was abusing the Congo people is “When quotas were not met, beatings by the chicotte (whip) were common, as was the practice of taking women and children hostage to force their husbands to meet the tax.” (Background Essay.) This is just another example that King Leopold went to far to get what he wanted, and that he didn’t