Oedipus, the brainchild of Sophocles in his play Oedipus the King, matches well to what Aristotle defined as a tragic hero (Tragic hero as defined by Aristotle). He possesses hamartia (tragic flaw), peripeteia (reversal), and anagnorisis (full knowledge). This archetype of a tragic hero, though, was not rigidly followed by the modern model of a tragic hero. Perhaps the most prominent example of the twentieth-century tragic hero is John Proctor, the protagonist in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible. Though John Proctor shares the many characteristics of an ancient tragic hero i.e: hamartia, peripeteia and anagnorisis, he is different by definition of a tragic hero as interpreted by Arthur Miller.
The people who tend to be the most blind are those who essentially have complete physical sight. Blindness is an essential theme in both Life of Pi, by Yann Martel and Oedipus, by Sophocles. The main character in Life of Pi is stranded on a life boat with a tiger after losing his whole family from a sinking ship. Fortunately, with help of the many Gods that he worships, Pi lives to see the day of rescue. In a completely different era, Sophocles wrote about a man named Oedipus who unknowingly follows a disgusting prophecy that was placed upon him at birth.
The term hero is derived from a Greek word that means a person who faces adversity, or demonstrates courage in the face of danger. However, sometimes he faces downfall as well. When a hero confronts downfall, he is recognized as a tragic hero or protagonist. Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, characterizes these plays or stories as tragedies in which the main character is a tragic hero, who confronts his downfall due to fate, his mistake or any other social reason. In the play, Oedipus the King, by Sophocles, Oedipus is the tragic hero who is characterized by the definition above.
Do human beings have free will over their fate? Many writers express their thoughts reflect upon this concept as it is explored through various works such as “Censors” by Luisa Valenzuela, Oedipus Rex by Sophocles and “Cranes” by Hwang Sun-won. In “Censors,” the protagonist, Juan, is pressured by society to become someone who he does not want to become. In Oedipus Rex, the protagonist, Oedipus, becomes obsessed with finding his identity, which in the end hurts him more than it helps. “Cranes” by Hwang Sun-won is a story about two childhood friends, Song-sam and Tok-chae, that grow apart and encounter each other by chance as enemies.
Oedipus’s Forms of Blindness LEAD IN. The famous tragedy of “Oedipus the King,” written by Sophocles, is a drama telling the story of a great king’s personal suffering with their true meaning and fate. Once Oedipus discovers his true actions, he … THESIS. Oedipus experiences both physical and metaphorical blindness through being unaware of his own actions, being unaware of the truth of a fate that has followed him his whole life, and the physical act of blinding himself.
Archetypal tragedy is a genre that revolves around a tragic hero and his/her downfall. Archetypes are significant because they give the “universal truth” and convey messages to wide audiences. Archetypal tragedies can be present in different stories such as: Things Fall Apart and Oedipus. These stories all have tragic heroes that start their journey as loved and glorified leaders whose mistakes and actions then lead them to be outcasts of society and victims of fate. When authors write an archetypal tragedy, they incorporate things like irony and foreshadowing into the story to evoke sadness and sympathy in the audience.
The idea of fate is a phenomenon that has been debated on for centuries for what the actual degree of validity may be. Some will argue there is no such thing and others will argue fate is the very thing they live by. It is important to note that in the play Oedipus the King, Sophocles uses the idea of fate to sway the readers ' feelings about Oedipus’ death one way or another. Oedipus makes crucial mistakes in that he commits crimes no person should even after warning from the gods, but also his combination of unethical actions in his kingdom ultimately insures his demise. For someone that made such a minimal effort to avoid this fate handed down by the gods, it is only fitting he suffered the fate he received.
Fate is often said to be inevitable, have an adverse outcome, or end and free will is the ability to choose at your own discretion. In our everyday life, we make decisions and are often told that life is about making choices. It is because we have free will that we make choices which may lead to positive consequences if the choice is rational and yet other times our decisions lead to negative consequences. Free will plays an important role in Oedipus the King and fate appears in the play but it does not dominate it.
In conclusion, Sophocles’ character Oedipus was able to meet each one of Aristotle’s requirements in order to be named a tragic hero. “Tragedy in the ordinary sense, or something close to it, is that which merits, or aspires to merit, a tragic response” (Currie, 2010). The chorus of the play excruciates the tragic fate of Oedipus. Moreover, the four rules by Aristotle clearly sum up that Oedipus is a tragic hero because of his struggles and the realization of his failures. In the end, the story of Oedipus’ tragedy reminds man that no matter how hard he does his best, the inevitable of failure cannot be overcome.
Oedipus’ tragedy as a result of his freely made decisions Are people truly responsible for their actions or they are just puppets in hand of Gods or people and executors of the fate that is pre-recorded? The question of determinism towards free will has occupied humankind almost over the centuries. Usually fate is defined as something that unavoidably befalls the individuals and influence their decisions and actions. In ancient Greece the religion played important role in everyday-life of the Greeks. The concept of fate had the prominent place in the Greek religion.