Antony confronted Octavius, declaring that Caesarion was Julius’s true son and that Caesarion was the rightful heir to the throne. Octavius fought back and claimed that he’ll seize Antony’s will, and had told the people of Rome that Antony had given Cleopatra Roman possessions and that the couple planned on making Alexandria the new capital of Rome. In 31 B.C. Cleopatra and Antony fought Octavius’s forces in the raging battle of Actium, which was on Greece 's west coast. The battle ended with a costly defeat for the Egyptians, forcing the couple to flee back to Egypt.
Entry 1, 340 BC Today we are marching against the Greeks. Athens and Thebes has managed to gather a large army. It means nothing, our army shall crush theirs and their cavalry will soon be completely annihilated. The Greeks wish to meet at Chaeronea. My father will lead the military and I the cavalry.
the Peloponnesian Wars ended. In 342 BC. Aristotle, who was a philosopher, scientist, and mathematician, begins to tutor Alexander, soon to be Alexander the Great. In the year 336 BC. Alexander the Great becomes king, and three years later the he defeats the Persians.
From this unrest arose the second triumvirate. This triumvirate was composed of Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian. The second triumvirate lasted for about one decade after the murder of Caesar. As with the first triumvirate, the leaders’ dissimilarities with each other started emersion causing some friction in areas of interest and political ambition. Octavian eventually exiled Octavian, and defeated Antony at sea, who eventually committed suicide with his Egyptian wife Cleopatra.
Although Alexander 's army was outnumbered, he used his flair for military strategy to create formations that defeated the Persians again and caused Darius to flee. In November of 333, Alexander declared himself the king of Persia after capturing Darius and making him a fugitive.
2. What are some of the major issues that Alexander the Great faced when he ascended the throne after his father 's death? How did Alexander handle these issues? Some of the issues Alexander the Great faced when he became a king, was some of the Greek cities did not want him as king and decide to doubt him. He proofed them wrong by setting a harsh example for them, he attacked the accent city of Thebes and then sold more than twenty thousand Thebans to slavery and killed six thousand of them.
During the civil strife that followed the murder of Julius Caesar her first husband Nero had joined the party of the assassins and fought at Philippi. After the Republicans were defeated there, he turned to the party of Mark Antony specifically to Antony’s brother L. Antonius. Pompey was attracting remnants of Rome’s upper class. From there he and Livia and their small son Tiberius moved on to Greece. Amnesty for adherents of Antony allowed them to return to Rome in 39.
After the imperial palace the Golden House was built on his villa Domus Aurea, his attempt to govern and bring growth to Rome had halted instead he took a tour of Greece to perform, in 68 A.D Nero was late to respond to a revolt of the Gaul. In this time general Galba declared himself Legate of Senate of the Roman People as well for having the Pretorian guard backing him as well for the people declared Nero an enemy of Rome. This was the end for Nero and he knew it according to, Morgan Gwyn’s 69 A.D : The Year of Four Emperors goes on to say, “Nero fled to the country villa of his freedman Phaon some four miles from Rome and, after much hesitation, steeled himself to commit suicide by driving a dagger into his throat. It was a singularly inartistic end for the last male member of the Julio-Claudian line. This would mark the end of Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, a ruler that was known for the pain he caused of others, bankrupting the treasury, the killing of his mother, and the acts of a man who used Rome as his personal play ground in conclusion he devastated Rome in
The despot Saddam Hussein started the Iraq war, a warmonger who overthrew the government in Iraq. The Iraqi high tribunal, in coordination with the United States assassinated President Saddam Hussein on December 30, 2006 (Britannica, 1). The United States captured Hussein and he went on trial in front of the Iraqi High Tribunal for crimes, including the murdering of 148 Shi’iahs in the village of Dujail in 1982 (PBS, 23). The assassination of Saddam Hussein was just because he rose to political power and maintained it through violent means and was a war-hungry despot, looking to conquer the Middle East; however others believe that the United States viewed him as such and that he had good intentions in mind. Saddam Hussein’s regime of terror commenced in his ascent to political power.
The fourth crusade started in 1201 CE and ended three years later in 1204. It occurred shortly after the third crusade. In 1203 CE, Alexius IV said, once he was back on his throne, he would pay for the rest of the Crusade. Crusaders took over Constantinople and put him on the throne, but he could not pay the money he had promised, so he tried to pay the money through raising taxes. Then he became so unpopular that he was executed and Alexios Doukas was proclaimed emperor as Alexios V. In 1204, the Crusaders and Venetians attacked Constantinople and sacked the city.