Villains of the Victorian Age: A Comparison Between Thomas Gradgrind and John Thornton The Victorian Age, which spans roughly the period from 1832 until 1901, is a term that covers England’s era of scientific revolution, economical progress and the country’s transformation to an industrial society. Novelist and historian Walter Besant observed the transformation of the mind and habits of the ordinary Englishman during the reign of Queen Victoria, after whom the Victorian Age is named. By 1897, he stated that the Englishman “would not, could he see him, recognize his own grandfather” (qtd.
Throughout the twentieth century, countries were creating treaties, trade blocs and global governance institutes to promote open market and free trade. Europe’s golden age of trade with very low tariff and high economic development began mid-19th century and collapsed
He was incredibly forward thinking and invented the modern style of presidency. His political agenda, called the Square Deal, focused on rethinking the government’s
Wiebe displays the reforms of the Progressive Era and the changes they were seeking. Wiebe describes the progressive reformers as, “the new middle class” (Robert H. Wiebe 80). Ultimately, this new middle class was looking to reorder the government by themselves. A major reoccurring theme was the focus on the children based on Wiebe’s view of the progressives. This is shown when Wiebe writes, “He united the campaigns for health, education, and a richer city environment, and he dominated much of the interest in labor legislation” (Robert H. Wiebe 82).
Throughout Olive Ann Burns’ Cold Sassy Tree, technology played a crucial role in the town of Cold Sassy and its advancement into the twentieth century. By the end of the novel, the translation from old to new is symbolized by a change in the town’s name, going from Cold Sassy to Progressive City. When that last sassafras tree, the same tree that Cold Sassy taken its name from, was cut down to make more room for roads, it marked the dawn of a new era. However, this development could not have gone without there being both positive and negative attributes of each machine. It is the acceptance of modern technology contributed to the growth of society.
In the documentary “The ten Town That Changed America” Geoffrey Baer illustrates the evolution of ten popular cities of the 21st century America. Done in chronological order, the documentary explores how these US cities were developed by visionary citizens who combined, urban planning, design, and architecture to change the way people lived. According to the documentary, these planners had passion and great insights for urban development, although driven by different inspirations and motivations. But one thing was central to these people: to build an environment that would change the way people live in America.
20th century has been regarded as the period of incredible change in human history, philosophers and scientists have been given various names to this period. Peter Drucker has called it as “The age of Discontinuity” John Galbraith has called it as “The age of future shock”. Stress has become the 21st century buzz word from the high prevailing corporate echelons to the bassinets of teaching infants” nurseries we find this world liberally used. Stress has become common part of modern life. Urbanization, industrialization and the increase of scale of operations in society are some of the reasons for raising stress.
The Industrial Revolution was a remarkable yet an destructible event that originated throughout the second half of the nineteenth century in Britain, before finding its way across the globe. This was an era in which technological innovation, mechanised inventions and rapid growth resulted in great changes to sectors like agriculture, manufacture, transportation, science, fossil fuels and demographic change. The revolution therefore had massive impacts on the world we live in today, and this essay will prove to do so. The Industrial Revolution was also important because it transformed previous status of social class, and led to the widespread happening of urbanisation. This was a stepping stone for the demographic change, as this impacted
Introduction The risk society thesis by Ulrich Beck has been one of the most extensively discussed frameworks in environmental management (Matten, 2004). Ulrich Beck who is a German sociologist is the up-to-date theorist of modernity. Beck maintains that the risk which is intrinsic in modern society characterized by technological industrialization produces new forms of global risk society. Beck’s theory is based on the premise that the post-modernist world that we live considers safety and collective decision making on risk as more crucial than amassing wealth.
The start of modernism being the Pioneer Phase took place between the middle of the First World War and the crucial movements from 1929 to 1933, early 1930s being know as the International Style. Pioneer Phase is a chain of variations and individuals who took charge to the problems faced when dealing with the appropriate design that would symbolise the twentieth century. They did so by focusing on three core elements of design, architecture, graphics and furniture.(P.Greenhalgh,1990, p. 91) The Pioneer Phase could simply be classified as a collaboration of ideas in which designers envisioned how the world could create a way in which improves the “material conditions” and mould the consciousness of humankind.(P.Greenhalgh,1990, p. 3). Modernism
The progressive era in the United States helped to spawn one of the first great conservative movements in the country. The conservative movement occurred as a result of the troubling theory that the fast paced urban development and industrial growth of the nation would lead to the extinction of wilderness areas in the United States. One of the most significant events during the era was that of the debate over the construction of the O 'Shaughnessy Dam in the Hetch Hetchy Valley located in California’s Yosemite National Park. After an earthquake crippled the city of San Francisco in the early 1900’s, the residents of the city recognized that they would require better-equipped ways to make certain that they had a steady supply of electricity and
“A city is more than a place in space, it is a drama in time,” Patrick Geddes said. In urban settings in literature and present day urban areas this is shown. Drama is everywhere from little issues to bigger issues. In many pieces of literature there are the same issues as in present day cities in the United States. In the book Seedfolks by Paul Fleischman it is shown the issues portrayed in Cleveland,Ohio.
At the close of the 19th century, expeditious advancement of the municipalities was a major factor in linking and dividing the political, social, and economic lives of the American citizens. At this time, cities created the way for people of different ethnicities and backgrounds to band together by living and working together in close quarters. The constant inflow of Scandinavia, Britain, Ireland, and German immigrants generated a population that was diversified and was linked by their countries of origins universal financial quandary, social injustice, and the common goal to achieve the American Dream. Urban areas pulled in an assorted populace made up of many ethnicities from around the world. European immigrants filled America amid the late 19th century, pulled in by unrestrained stories of the great American way of life.
The cause that lead to the Progressive era was the Gilded Age. Industrialization during the Gilded Age is what lead to urbanization and new ideas in the Progressive era. The Progressive era was a period of social activism and political reform across the United States during the 1890s-1920s. During this period, the Progressive movement was focused on eliminating corruption within the government. It covered social reform issues relating to female suffrage, education, working conditions, unionization, urbanization, industrialization and child labor.
Urbanization in America Business and industrialization centered on the cities in America like New York, Boston, and Chicago. The increasing number of factories created an immense need for labor which got people in rural areas to move to the city, and bringing immigrants from Europe to the United States. Urbanization changed America in many ways but specifically in a social and economic way leading to today’s America. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, urbanization was increasing at a startling rate.