Joints allow movement in the human body. The bones forming the joint are held together by ligaments. The 3 types of joints fibrous or immovable an example would be the skull. Cartilaginous or slightly moveable an example would be the vertebrae. Synovial or freely movable would include, ball and socket for example the hip.
The rearfoot consists of four bones the distal side of the tibia and fibula (leg bones), the calcaneus (heel bone), and the talus. The plantar fascia originates from the medial calcaneal ligaments, dividing into a medial, central and lateral band that attaches to the superior surface of the abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis, and abductor digiti minimi musculature, respectively. The medial longitudinal arch (MLA) of the foot aids in distributing the force attributed to the weight bearing. The MLA of the foot resembles two rods a rear rod consisting of the calcaneus, talus and an anterior rod consisting of the navicular, three cuneiforms, and the first three metatarsals. These rods are connected at their base by the plantar fascia.
Tx Recommendations: To alleviate frustration, explain the muscles of the rotator cuff and how cupping is achieved was described. The rotator cuff is made of four muscles working in unison to stabilize the G/H joint. The subscapularis originates at the subscapular fossa of the scapula and inserts at the lesser tubercle of the humerus. Its function is to medially rotate the shoulder at the G/H joint and stabilize the head of the humerus in the G/H joint while helping protect and stabilize the head of the humerus in the G/H joint. The supraspinatus originates at the supraspinatus fossa of the scapula and inserts at the greater tubercle of the humerus.
Cortical bones, also known as compact bones, form the hard-external layer of all bones that helps protect and strengthen the medullary cavity, which is filled with bone marrow. Within the cortical bones are lamellae called osteons. Osteons are aligned in the same direction along lines of stress, which hold the bone’s blood vessels and nerve fibers. These bones primarily help to resist bending and fracturing. Trabecular bones, also known as spongy bones, form the inner layer of all bones that helps to reduce the density of bones allowing the ends of long bones to compress when subject to stress.
Surgery for Biceps Tendon Disruption (Distal) Surgery for a distal biceps tendon disruption is a procedure to reattach the distal biceps tendon to a bone in the elbow (radius). The distal biceps tendon attaches the biceps muscle to the radius. The biceps muscle helps to bend the elbow and rotate the palm upward (supinate). When the distal biceps tendon tears (ruptures), the biceps muscle separates from the radius. This interferes with arm function.
This nerve gives sensation to the thumb, index finger, long finger, and half of the ring finger. The ulnar nerve travels through a separate tunnel, called Guyon's canal. This tunnel is formed by two carpal bones, the pisiform and hamate, and the ligament that connects them. After passing through the canal, the ulnar nerve branches out to supply feeling to the little finger and half of the ring finger. Branches of this nerve also supply the small muscles in the palm and the muscle that pulls the thumb toward the palm.
There is 8 cranial bones and 14 facial bones. There are 7 bones in the head are associated bones. Then working down there is 25 bones of the thorax which is found in the sternum, these are more commonly known as our ribs. The ribs protect the organs in the centre of your body such as your lungs, liver and heart. Then finally there are 26 bones in your vertebral column, these are the bones that run down your back including the sacrum and the coccyx.
The knee joint is not in the center of the collimated field. To make the knee joint in the center, we would need to move the field size anteriorly half an inch to an inch. There is optimal exposure with no motion. This image also visualizes the soft tissue, including fat pad region anterior to knee joint and sharp trabecular markings. My marker is clearly demonstrated and is out of any anatomy.
Rotator Cuff Repair Jordan Lowe Jordan Lowe Bill Hammer Case study Working Draft October 20, 2017 Rotator Cuff Repair A “Rotator Cuff” is a group of muscles that holds the head of the humerus in its socket, these muscles are the Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres minor, and Subscapularis. The supraspinatus muscle is in charge of abduction, or lifting the arms from your side to above your head, the infraspinatus and teres minor are for exorotation, lastly the subscapularis is used for endorotation. The need for a Rotator Cuff repair is when the muscle group is partially or completely torn. The surgery in the simplest form is reconnecting the torn muscles back to the head of the humerus. Etiology, cause, and prevention
The lower end of the humerus has two rounded knobs the lateral and medial condyles. Between the two of these is a hole that extends completely through the bone, this is called the supratrochlear foramen. The ulna and radius act as one bone and are held together firmly by ligaments and always move together. The upper end of the ulna has a hook like process that fits perfectly in the supratrochlear foramen of the humerus. On the ulna there is a ridge called the trochlear notch, this fits against and rotates between the medial and lateral condyles on the humerus.